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metallographic samples

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., 3 μm non-nap polyester and ending up with 1 h on a vibratory polisher with a non-nap polyester cloth and 10% alumina solution. Abstract Abstract This article describes the fundamentals of titanium metallographic sample preparation. Representative micrographs are presented for each class...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to remove a “boat” sample. Fig. 11 Portable electrolytic polishing/etching device being used to polish a region on a 304 stainless steel liquid nitrogen dewar. Note the polishing/etching cell and power source on the table at the bottom right and the metallographer holding the probe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... information on the criteria for selecting proper metallographic procedures. Techniques used to prepare metallographic specimens of low-carbon steels and coated steels, such as sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching, are discussed. The article also reviews the simple and proven manual sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... It provides several suggestions to promote and encourage the safety of those performing metallographic preparation and analysis. chemical etching drying ferrous powders grinding metallic specimens metallographic analysis metallographic preparation mounting polishing powder metallurgy sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... This article explains how to prepare precious metal test samples for metallographic examination. It discusses cutting, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching and addresses some of the challenges of working with small, relatively soft specimens. It includes dozens of example micrographs, comparing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of specialized types of magnetic materials is centered on the examination of optical, electron, and scanning probe metallographic techniques unique to magnetic materials. This article provides a comprehensive overview of magnetic materials, their characteristics and sample preparation procedures. It reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., and limitations of chemical and electrolytic polishing of samples for metallographic preparation. It provides information on the specimen preparation, apparatus used, and safety precautions to be followed during the polishing process. The various groups of electrolytes used in electropolishing of several metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Abstract Abstract The metallographic specimen preparation process for microstructural investigations of cast iron specimens usually consists of five stages: sampling, cold or hot mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching with a suitable etchant to reveal the microstructure. This article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... 100×) Abstract Abstract This article describes the metallographic specimen preparation procedures for cast iron test samples, including mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching. It discusses the makeup and use of black-and-white and selective color etchants and where one might be preferred...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract Heat treatment of aluminum alloys is assessed by various quality-assurance methods that include metallographic examination, hardness measurements, mechanical property tests, corrosion-resistance tests, and electrical conductivity testing. The use of hardness measurements...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on specific ions and substances, service environments, and preservice environments responsible for SCC. It details the analysis of SCC failures, which include on-site examination, sampling, observation of fracture surface characteristics, macroscopic examination, microscopic examination, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a review of metallographic procedures and techniques for analyzing the microstructure of fusion welded joints. It discusses sample preparation, the use of backing plates, and common sectioning methods. It identifies the various types of defects that can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Features Corrosion and Wear Damage Features Analysis of Base Material Composition Metallurgical Samples and Hardness Preparation and Examination of Metallographic Specimens in Failure Analysis Analysis and Interpretation of Microstructures Evaluation of Polymers in Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... described in ASTM E 3 will do an adequate job of producing quality metallographic specimens ( Ref 9 ). Table 2 outlines a typical metallographic sample preparation methodology. Because these alloys are corrosion resistant, etching techniques are more difficult and meticulous than carbon steels. Table 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be exercised during metallographic preparation if the correct lamellar spacing is to be determined. The two specimens in Fig. 31 have the same spacing, but the sectioning of the metallographic sample is not perpendicular to the solidification direction for the sample in Fig. 31(b) . Primary austenite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Quantitative Metallography Acknowledgment References References 1. “Metallographic Procedures for Sintered Carbide,” Report 01.84, Struers Inc. , Cleveland, OH 2. “Standard Practice for Metallographic Sample Preparation of Cemented Tungsten Carbides,” B 665, Annual Book of ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... and material behavior. It covers the steps involved in sample preparation, including sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching, and presents several examples of macro and microanalysis on various metals and alloys. macroanalysis metallographic sectioning microanalysis optical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fine microstructural features on polished and etched metallographic samples Performing qualitative and semi-quantitative elemental analyses on microstructural features, contaminant particles, etc. Identifying microstructural phases and compounds by their crystal structures Characterizing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of corrosion in small components and characterizing corrosion products Resolving fine microstructural features on polished and etched metallographic samples Performing qualitative and semi-quantitative elemental analyses on microstructural features, contaminant particles, etc. Identifying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... still making use of the material to obtain information about the lives of the people with whom they have been associated in the past. Hence, it is often forbidden to carry out sampling for metallographic purposes, which is, after all, an invasive procedure. Where such sampling is permitted...