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metallic implant materials

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... implant materials orthopedic surgery plasma spray porous coatings titanium-base foams trabecular metal THE ADVENT of porous coatings for joint replacement prostheses has proven to be a remarkable innovation in the field of orthopaedics. These coatings allow for biologic fixation of implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and particulate materials to corrosion. The effect of metal ions from an implanted device on the human body is also discussed. The article concludes with information on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility corrosion metallic biomaterials metal ions...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 1 Implant debris from two types of materials. The metal (cobalt alloy) is more rounded versus the polymeric (ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, or UHMWPE) debris, which is more elongated in shape. Metal debris can be produced at modular connections of implants, at articulating More
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 6 Specific yield strengths of titanium alloys compared with other metallic implant materials. Source: Ref 13 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... BIOCOMPATIBILITY, corrosion resistance, strength, and low ty of titanium for implant applications have been recognized for many years. In the early 20th century, several classes of metallic and polymeric biomaterials were adopted for use in medical applications, but most implant restorations were relatively short...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications of metallic biomaterials. A table compares the mechanical properties of some common implant materials with those of bone. The article also provides information on coatings, ceramics, polymers, composites, cements, and adhesives, especially where they interact with metallic materials. basic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... implants. In this article, the term degradation will be associated with the surface attack of implants. Metallic Implant Materials A number of metals and alloys have proven to be satisfactory as implant materials during years of surgical application. They are specified as implant materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... resistance of critical metal parts ( Ref 2 ). For wear resistance, ion implantation has been used for the hardening and friction reduction of metal surfaces ( Ref 3 ). Related techniques are also used in conjunction with ion implantation to increase the ratio of material introduced into the substrate per...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... despite there being less debris mass of metal-on-metal, because dose is more affected by particle size. Fig. 1 Implant debris from two types of materials. The metal (cobalt alloy) is more rounded versus the polymeric (ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, or UHMWPE) debris, which is more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... by the physiochemical properties of saliva, which are a function of chemical composition, pH, oxygen content, temperature, and other factors in addition to protein adsorption, presence of acidic substances, and so on. This corrodes almost all metals and alloys used in dental implants/materials. It is further aggravated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Total joint replacement in orthopedic surgery can be achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement arthroplasty. This article details the most common materials used in total replacement synovial joints: metals, ceramics, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ionized atoms metals ION IMPLANTATION involves the bombardment of a solid material with medium-to-high-energy ionized atoms and offers the ability to alloy virtually any elemental species into the near-surface region of any substrate. This near-surface alloying can be performed irrespective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response of implant and particulate materials to severe corrosion. It provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and special features Vacuum evaporation RT-700, usually <200 Line of sight Chiefly metal, especially Al (a few simple alloys/a few simple compounds) Electronic, optical, decorative, simple masking Ion implantation 200–400, best <250 for N Line of sight Usually N (B, C) Wear resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... five years. The occurrence of peri-implant bone loss has been related to corrosion-induced implant material breakdown, which has been proven to lead to the modification of the peri-implant microbiota ( Ref 13 ). Breakdown of metals and titanium alloys as a result of corrosion attack has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-covered alloys BIOMATERIALS used in medical devices and prostheses are implanted into the human body to replace, repair, or restore the function of tissue. The term biomaterial includes synthetic materials such as metals (alloys), polymers, and ceramics as well as some natural materials including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... titanium alloys METALS AND ALLOYS have a diverse application in the medical field, particularly as implantable internal (in vivo) structural, load-bearing materials in devices for partial and total joint replacement, fracture fixation, and instruments. The field of metallography plays a significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... biocompatibility ceramics medical implants metals nonresorbable polymers polymers resorbable polymers ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene IDEALLY, THE DESIGN AND MATERIALS of which an implant is fabricated should accomplish the defined clinical objective. The local tissue response should produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The interaction of an implant with the human body environment may result in degradation of the implant, called corrosion. This article discusses the corrosion testing of metallic implants and implant materials. The corrosion environments for medical implants are the extracellular human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants. The article...