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metallic crystals

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... provide information on the crystal structures and lattice parameters of allotropes of metallic elements. Bravais lattices crystal defects crystal structure metallic elements plastic flow CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, as defined broadly, is the arrangement of atoms or molecules in the solid state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article presents a table of the crystal structure of allotropic forms of metallic elements in terms of the Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype of the structure. The temperatures of the phase transformations are listed in degree Celsius and the pressures are in GPa. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... parameters for some of the simple metallic crystals. A table that lists the crystal structures of various metal elements is presented. The crystal structures are described by the Pearson symbols for crystal system, space lattice, total number of atoms per unit cell, and prototype structure. The article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... mechanisms used to characterize structures. It illustrates the unit cells and ion positions for some simple metal crystals, arranged alphabetically according to Pearson symbol. The space lattice and crystal system, space-group notation, and prototype for each crystal are also illustrated. corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes some of the mechanical/ electrochemical phenomena related to the in vivo degradation of metals used for biomedical applications. It discusses the properties and failure of these materials as they relate to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article illustrates the three techniques for producing glassy metals, namely, liquid phase quenching, atomic or molecular deposition, and external action technique. Devitrification of an amorphous alloy can proceed by several routes, including primary crystallization, eutectoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... crystal plasticity deforming crystals polycrystals elastic behaviour plastic behavior SOLID METALLIC MATERIALS typically are crystalline, existing with well-defined lattice structures. The lattices possess certain symmetries dependent on the packing arrangements of atoms. Accompanying the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... at a number of natural phenomena. The total number of solved structures to date exceeds 1.3 million (more than 100,000 structures are deposited in the Cambridge Structural Database, a repository for small-molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures; and about 200,000 structures are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the reader to appreciate and critically analyze more sophisticated recent approaches to crystal-plasticity modeling. While most of the examples involve cubic metals deforming by rate-insensitive plastic flow, the concepts outlined here can be generalized to other crystal structures and loading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... performance (e.g., strength, elastic modulus, ductility, fracture toughness) of metallic materials. Crystallographic texture, or simply texture for succinctness, may arise as a result of large-strain deformation, dynamic/static recrystallization, grain growth, or phase transformation ( Ref 1 ). A second form...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... presence of one is indicated by “1” in Fig. 3 . When the TiAl 3 crystal comes in contact with liquid aluminum, it starts to dissolve. This means the liquid metal at the surface of the particle becomes enriched in titanium, as shown by “2” in Fig. 3 . From the relationships shown in the aluminum-titanium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... epitaxial crystallographic relationship between AlP and the silicon crystal. Modifiers react with phosphorus . The elements that have been reported to produce modification ( Ref 7 , 41 , 44 ) are indicated by the shaded areas in Fig. 4 . These are all reactive metals that form compounds with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are investment cast, including VIM superalloys, steels, and aluminum. These metals are melted and poured into the mold and solidified under conditions according to whether the product is to be large or small, and polycrystalline, columnar grained, or single crystal. Grain size in polycrystalline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... region of an iron-base ferritic specimen/component showing the compound layer and the diffusion zone with their (possible) constituents Fig. 2 Iron-nitrogen phase diagram. Redrawn from Ref 4 Table 1 Crystal structures and composition ranges of Fe-N-C phases Phase Crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Strengthening of cobalt-base alloys is accomplished by solid-solution alloying (e.g., molybdenum, tungsten, tantalum, and niobium) in combination with carbon to promote carbide precipitation. Compared to the wrought alloys, cast cobalt-base superalloys are characterized by higher contents of high-melting metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Cartridge brass 70 30 … Good cold working properties. Used for ammunition cases Common brass 43 37 … Also called rivet brass. Cheap and standard for cold working DZR brass 85 15 … Dezincification-resistant brass with a small percentage of arsenic Gilding metal 95 5 … Softest type of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Selected properties of the noble metals Property Metal Platinum Palladium Iridium Rhodium Osmium Ruthenium Gold Silver Atomic number 78 46 77 45 76 44 79 47 Atomic weight, amu 195.09 106.4 192.2 102.905 190.2 101.07 196.967 107.87 Crystal structure (a) fcc fcc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... bronze) 86.0 (g) min to 89.0 max 0.09 max 0.40 max 7.5–8.5 1.0–5.0 0.05 max 0.01–0.65 S; 1.0 max Ni; 0.20 max Mn; 0.10–1.5 Sb; 0.10 max B; 0.10 max C; 0.10 max Ti; 0.10 max Zr C90500 Gun metal 86.0 min to 89.0 (b) (h) max 0.30 max 0.20 max 9.0–11.0 1.0–3.0 0.05 (d) max 0.05 max S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... experimentally that metals with a hexagonal close-packed structure show much less adhesion than other crystal structures. A high hardness, a large elastic modulus, and a low surface energy also suppress the adhesion of the metal ( Ref 13 , 14 ). The reason for the difference in adhesion between metals of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings are formed by chemical reaction during immersion of the metal in the phosphate solution that deposits a nonmetallic and nonconducting coating. Both coating weight and crystal size can be varied to provide almost any surface condition required for the appearance or function of the paint. For a...