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metal-to-earth abrasion alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... processes. It discusses the categories of hardfacing alloy, such as build-up alloys, metal-to-metal wear alloys, metal-to-earth abrasion alloys, tungsten carbides, and nonferrous alloys. A summary of the selection guide for hardfacing alloys is presented in a table. The article describes the procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... compositions. Composition of high-chromium white irons used for metal-to-earth abrasion applications Table 2 Composition of high-chromium white irons used for metal-to-earth abrasion applications Alloy Composition, wt% Cr C Si Mn Mo Ni B Fe ERFeCr-A3 11 2.6 1.3 1.8 1.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... understood and accepted. The following is an example of this type of classification: Metal against nonmetallic abrasive High-stress gouging or grinding:  Wet, as in ball and rod mills  Dry, as in jaw-type or roll-type ore crushers Low-stress scratching or sliding:  Wet, such as conveyor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...), glass fibers, and metal fibers (e.g., steel, copper) are used for structural reinforcement of friction materials. Lubricants: These are used as friction modifiers to control friction and wear. Typical lubricants include graphite, metal sulfides such as MoS 2 , and Sb 2 O 3 . Abrasives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... increases. The abrasion resistance of cobalt-base alloys, like other wear-resistant alloys, generally depends on the hardness of the carbide phases and/or the metal matrix. With the complex mechanisms of solid-particle and slurry erosion, however, such generalizations may not be warranted. In solid...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and heat treatment on fracture toughness of steels. carbon steels classification of wear effect of alloying elements fatigue failure forms of embrittlement fracture toughness low-alloy steels notch toughness wear resistance Wear Resistance of Steels WEAR of metals occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... power density to melt metals. The EBW process is described in detail in the articles “Electron-Beam Welding” and “Procedure Development and Practice Considerations for Electron-Beam Welding” in this Volume. In earth-based environments, EBW generally requires a vacuum since the electrons scatter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... peroxide, chromium (VI) oxide, aluminum chloride Aluminum chloride Water, alcohols Ammonium hydroxide Metal powders, acids, mercury, hydrofluoric acid Bromine, iodine Ammonium hydroxide, unsaturated reagents, metal powders, alkaline and rare earth metals, hydrocarbons, light (use dark-colored...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., ferrous alloys, inoculants, scrap contaminated with aluminum components Antimony ≤0.02 Promotes pearlite. Addition of 0.01% reduces the amount of ferrite sometimes found adjacent to cored surfaces. Vitreous enameled scrap, steel scrap, white metal bearing shells, deliberate addition Arsenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.../rare earth and magnesium-thorium alloys 3 Acetic glycol: 20 mL acetic acid, 1 mL HNO 3 (conc), 60 mL ethylene glycol, 20 mL water Immerse specimen face up with gentle agitation for 1–3 s for as-cast or aged metal and up to 10 s for solution-heat-treated metal. Wash in water, then alcohol and dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Carbon black … Excellent Excellent Black iron oxide … Excellent Fair Micaceous iron oxide … Excellent Excellent Zinc dust … Poor Poor Aluminum … Poor Poor Stainless steel flake … Excellent Very good to Excellent Organic Metallized azo reds Lithols, permanents...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... required for metallographic preparation and examination. The softer alloys generally are more difficult to prepare by mechanical polishing, because deformation caused by cutting and grinding extends to a greater depth. Embedding of abrasive particles in the metal during polishing is more likely, and relief...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... up and swab with cotton for 3–5 s for as-cast or aged metal, and up to 1 min for heat treated metal. Wash in water, then alcohol and dry. Shows general structure. Reveals constituents in Mg-rare earth and Mg-Th alloys. 3 Acetic glycol: 20 mL acetic acid, 1 mL HNO 3 (conc), 60 mL ethylene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material selection wear test WEAR is defined as surface damage with gradual removal of material from solid surfaces by abrasives or a counterface in relative motion. Corrosion is the deterioration of a metal as a result of chemical reactions between it and the surrounding environment, involving metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Publishing Co. , 2nd ed. , 1995 65. Strnat K.J. , The Recent Development of Permanent Magnet Materials Containing Rare Earth Metals , IEEE Trans. Magnetics, MAG-6, 1970 , p 182 – 190 10.1109/TMAG.1970.1066743 66. Livingston J.D. and Martin D.L. , Microstructure of Aged...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Hardness of Strained Surfaces and the Abrasive Wear of Metals and Alloys , Wear , Vol 10 , 1967 , p 353 – 382 10.1016/0043-1648(67)90276-1 15. Richardson R.C.D. , The Wear of Metals by Hard Abrasives , Wear , Vol 10 , 1967 , p 291 – 309 10.1016/0043-1648(67)90093-2 16...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... treatment (that is, precipitation treatment). When a demand arose in some aerospace engine applications for the retention of high mechanical properties at higher elevated temperatures (up to 205 °C, or 400 °F), thorium was substituted for the rare earth metal content in alloys of the ZE and EZ type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... Fig. 4 Nickel-carbon system at 5.7 GPa (57 kb) showing the stability regions of diamond (d) and graphite (g) in equilibrium with liquid (l + d, l + g). a, austenite. Source: Ref 7 Conditions are similar for the synthesis of CBN, but the reactants are usually alkali, alkaline earth metals...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ZE10A M16100 S … 0.15 1.25 … … 0.17 RE (b) ZK40A M16400 E … … 4.0 … 0.45 … ZK60A M16600 F, E … … 5.5 … 0.45 … (a) S, sheet and plate; F, forging; E, extruded bar, shape, tube, and wire. (b) RE, rare earths Standard four-part ASTM system of alloy and temper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings, hot-dip coating processes, electrogalvanizing, electroplating, metal cladding, organic coatings, zinc-rich coatings, porcelain enameling, thermal spraying, hardfacing, vapor-deposited coatings, surface modification, and surface hardening via heat treatment. alloy steel cadmium plating...