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metal-fused salt system

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Specific examples of the types of corrosion expected for the different metal-fused salt systems are also provided. The metal-fused salt systems include molten fluorides, chloride salts, molten nitrates, molten sulfates, hydroxide melts, and carbonate melts. The article concludes with information on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... processing system (cyanide treatments). A mixture of nitrates and nitrites is normally used for tempering and quenching. An alkali chloride carbonate mixture is used for annealing ferrous and nonferrous metals. Neutral salt baths containing mixed chlorides are used for hardening steel parts. Baths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operating temperatures of the various processes. Because these baths are also chemically active, the substrate must also be chemically compatible with the various molten salt systems. While most metals that are temperature compatible will also be chemically compatible, there are notable exceptions to this...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... G. J. , Ed., Reference Electrodes, Chapter 12 , Electrodes in Fused Salt Systems , Academic Press , 1961 One major use of electrochemical cells is to obtain thermodynamic data for salts. The basic thermodynamics applicable to galvanic cells for aqueous solutions is discussed elsewhere in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... sustained hot corrosion of a pure metal. Site I is the oxide-salt interface, and site II is the salt-gas interface. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 7 Reprecipitation of porous MO oxide supported by a negative solubility gradient in the fused salt film. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 9 The Na-V-S-O system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... fluoride salts with the aid of illustrations and equations. molten salt fused salt corrosion pitting electrochemical reaction thermal gradients container material nitrates nitrites fluoride salt MOLTEN SALTS, often called fused salts, are used in many engineering systems. They can cause...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... (c) Treatment 1, cyanide nitrocarburizing salt bath Another aerated process for liquid nitriding is a high-cyanide, high-cyanate system that is proprietary (U.S. Patent 3,208,885). The cyanide content of the fused salt is maintained in the range of 45 to 50% calculated as potassium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... cupric salts organic solvents noble metals neoprene reinforced thermoset plastics HYDROCHLORIC ACID (HCl) is an important mineral acid with many uses, including acid pickling of steel, acid treatment of oil wells, chemical cleaning, and chemical processing. It is made by absorbing hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... reduce hydrogen embrittlement of tantalum ( Ref 7 , Ref 38 , Ref 39 , Ref 40 ). Complete electrical isolation of tantalum from all metals in the system. For additional protection, the insulated tantalum may be connected to a positive direct current source (approximately 15 V), while the negative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Galling in Metallic Systems , Proc. Symposium Sponsored by the Non-Ferrous Metals Committee of Metallurgical Society and the Erosion and Wear G2 Committee of ASTM , Oct 8–9, 1986 ( Orlando, FL ), p 197 – 216 36. Hotta S. , Saruki K. , and Arai T. , Endurance Limit of Thin Hard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , Biocompatibility of Dental Materials , Vol 1–4 , CRC Press , 1982 6. Workshop on Biocompatibility of Metals in Dentistry, Conf. Proc. , American Dental Association , 1984 7. An International Workshop: Biocompatibility, Toxicity and Hypersensitivity to Alloy Systems Used in Dentistry, Proc. , The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for removing heavy soils from the surfaces of metals and nonmetals by using organic solvents dispersed in an aqueous medium aided by an emulsifying agent. Depending on the solvent used, cleaning is done at temperatures from approximately 5 °C (40 °F) up to 80 °C (180 °F). An emulsion system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... chemical reactions). For both soldering and brazing, the fillers tend to be alloys with eutectic or near-eutectic compositions from alloy systems having eutectics. Fluxes in brazing and soldering also are used to remove oxides from the base metal surface, to protect the clean surface from reoxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Measurements in the System Iridium-Oxygen: Gaseous Iridium Trioxide , Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. , Vol 304 , 1960 , p 249 – 265 40. Phillips W.L. Jr. , Oxidation of the Platinum Metals in Air , Trans. ASM , Vol 57 , 1964 , p 33 – 37 41. Lee Y.-P. et al. , Electrochemical and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... release of acidic chemicals into the feedwater system. A mechanism for concentrating acid-producing salts (departure from nucleate boiling, deposits, waterline evaporation) must be present to provide the low-pH condition. Low pH dissolves the magnetite scale and may attack the underlying base metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... used for wastewater facilities. aluminum brass concrete copper corrosion ductile iron soil stainless steel steel waste water treatment plants wastewater systems soil testing atmospheric testing hydrogen sulfide testing METALLIC AND CONCRETE STRUCTURES and equipment at wastewater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or scale is the usual surface pickled on nickel-chromium and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Pretreating in a fused-salt bath is strongly recommended to facilitate pickling of oxidized or scaled surfaces. However, if the metal has been properly heated and cooled, it will usually have a surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Light Metals 1981 , AIME , p 813 – 825 6. van Linden J.H.L. , Herrick J.R. , and Kinosz M.J. , Metal Scrap Melting System , U.S. Patent 3,997,366 , 1976 7. van Linden J.H.L. , Claxton R.J. , Herrick J.R. , and Ormesher R.J. , Aluminum Scrap...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract The atmosphere within a furnace chamber is a basic factor in achieving the desired chemical reactions with metals during heat treating. This article presents the fundamentals of heat treating atmospheres, and describes two groups of atmosphere control, namely, furnace atmosphere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... subsequent chemical pretreatments. MIL-S-5002, “Surface Treatments and Inorganic Coatings for Metal Surfaces of Weapon Systems,” is the military specification for the surface preparation and pretreatment of virtually every Navy aircraft and weapon system. The two primary surface pretreatments for naval...