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metal poisoning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and carcinogenicity of metal compounds. It discusses some commonly used chelating agents for treating metal intoxication, and clinical effectiveness in treating poisoning by different metals. The metals discussed are grouped into four categories: (1) major toxic metals with multiple effects, including arsenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Corrosive, supports burning Liquid: colorless, fumes when exposed to humid air, pungent smell; density, 1.37–1.52 g/cm 3 ; develops nitrous gases when concentrated acid is in contact with metals and organic substances Nitrogen N 2 Light poison Gaseous (is liquid below −210 °C, or −345 °F); density...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... gas, dissociated ammonia, dissociated alcohols, and nitrogen base) normally consist of a mixture of gases, which can be flammable, toxic, asphyxiant, or a combination of these. Explosion, fire, poisoning, and asphyxiation are potential hazards associated with these atmospheres. Reference 1 provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... or ingested, which may cause acute poisoning. Amyl alcohol (CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 OH), or 1-pentanol, is a colorless liquid with a noxious odor. It is flammable, and the vapors may form explosive mixtures at elevated temperatures. The substance reacts violently with strong oxidants and attacks alkaline metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the overall performance. Degradation in the electrical performance and cell voltage loss with time are often attributed to corrosion and corrosion product formation and buildup, resulting in the poisoning of the electrode, localized metal loss, and development of resistive interfaces. Fig. 2 Current...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 362.0, low-iron premium die-casting alloy, is made from recycled secondary metal scrap and was developed to have equivalent or better mechanical properties than Silafont-36 and/or Aural-2. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in which it is used. Factors that can influence durability include thermal and hydrothermal stability, resistance to poisons, and mechanical strength. Potential poisons can be either inorganic in nature (sulfur, lead, or phosphorus) or organic (carbon deposition), depending on the process. The mechanical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... . These are all reactive metals that form compounds with phosphorus. As a consequence, they all have the capability to neutralize AlP particles in aluminum melts. This interpretation appears to be supported by thermal analysis data ( Ref 41 ). Phosphorus additions poison modification . A number of researchers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and machining chips, saw fines, and grinding residue must be removed frequently from tools and stored submerged in water or oil. Second, heavy-metal poisoning can result if this material is inhaled or ingested. Depleted uranium is roughly as toxic as other heavy metals, such as lead. Inhalation and ingestion...
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...) and solid oxide (SOFC), for example— the requirements for catalysis are relaxed, and the number of potential fuels expands. (Other types of fuel cells are not addressed in this article.) For example, carbon monoxide “poisons” a noble metal anode catalyst such as platinum in low-temperature fuel cells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... against corrosion. Because cadmium is anodic to iron, the underlying ferrous metal is protected at the expense of the cadmium plate even if the cadmium becomes scratched or nicked, exposing the substrate. Cadmium is usually applied as a thin coating (less than 25 μm or 1000 μin. thick) intended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...) of the reagent with a drop of the sample solution or a small amount (as little as a few nanograms, or enough to cover the head of a pin) of powdered sample. For more complex samples, such as body fluids and solid metals, additional preparation steps are often required ( Ref 8 ). In complex liquid samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... discusses various corrosion-resistant materials, including ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys, thermoplastics, reinforced thermosetting plastics, nonmetallic linings, glass, carbon and graphite, and catalyzed resin coatings. It examines an unusual form of intergranular corrosion known as exfoliation...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... 4a and b ). Once this optimal nitrogen flow rate is exceeded, the microhardness drops precipitously and the target becomes poisoned ( Ref 19 ). Before film growth can be resumed, intensive “presputtering” is required to return the target surface to a purely metallic state. A significant advance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract The warm and hot working of metals provide the ability to shape important materials into component shapes that are useful in a variety of applications requiring strength, toughness, and ductility. This article focuses on a variety of metals that can be hot or warm worked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... that precipitate as zinc ferrocyanide, resulting in the formation of a gray-colored sludge. Surface Preparation Brass can be plated on most metallic surfaces (e.g., zinc castings, steel, nickel, and aluminum) after only standard preplating procedures. Direct brass plating of zinc castings requires the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., primarily because the metal oxidizes readily at room temperature, forming poisonous and volatile osmium tetroxide. The metal itself is hard and brittle and has few industrial uses. For a review of the existing literature on electrodeposition of osmium, see Ref 25 , 26 , and 27 . Iridium Electroplating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as low as 550 °C (1020 °F) ( Ref 15 ). Heavy-Metal Release If lead-containing glazes are not properly formulated, they may be less resistant to acid attack, which results in the release of lead. If such glazes are used in contact with food or drink, lead poisoning of the user may result. Cadmium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract Ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) is a solid-state hybrid manufacturing technique that leverages the principles of ultrasonic welding, mechanized tape layering, and computer numerical control (CNC) machining operations to create three-dimensional metal parts...