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metal cutting fluids

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... blades for lubrication to improve finish and tool life or to reduce burring or metal welding. Other solids most often used as heavy-duty lubricants include graphite, molybdenum disulfide, pastes, soaps, and waxes. The proper choice of a cutting fluid depends on many complex interrelated factors. Of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... recommendations for the range of speeds and feeds for various machining operations, parameters for the selection of tool geometry, and guidelines on the selection and identification of cutting fluids. cutting fluid recommendations cutting speed recommendations drilling end milling face milling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... grab and hold particles of metal removed from the work, and reduce the cut and therefore create a smoother, finer finish. In a grinding operation, it is most important that chips not interfere with the operation, so the application of the selected fluid is vital to provide the appropriate amount of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... thread-forming and self-locking screws. The preferred polygonal shape is trilobular and is produced in flat-die machines. In contrast to thread cutting and thread grinding, thread rolling does not remove metal from the work blank. Rather, thread rolling dies displace the surface metal of the blank to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... related and totally independent of the material matrix. Therefore, the cutting tools, feed rates, and rotational speeds to be discussed are applicable to thermoplastic, bismaleimide, polyimide, and epoxy matrices, as well as to hybrids of composites and metals. Focused laser beams are used to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., prevents overheating of the work, and firmly cements the abrasive to the wheel face or lapping plates. Binders must not chemically etch, corrode, or mar the metal surface. Abrasive slurries are similar to compounds, except that the percentage volume of the carrier fluid is large, providing fluid flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a computationally intensive three-dimensional simulation of thermal fluids systems where non-linear momentum transport plays an important role. This article presents the governing equations of fluid dynamics and an introduction to the CFD...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the solidification of matrix alloy in cast metal matrix composites (MMCs). It begins with a discussion on the mixing techniques in reinforcement incorporation and wettability of reinforcement. It describes the solidification processes, such as stir mixing and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses various molten-metal treatments, namely fluxing, degassing, and molten-metal filtration. It focuses on various molten-metal handling systems for transporting, holding, or delivering molten metal to the mold/die system. These include launders, tundishes, holding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of noble and precious metals for biomedical applications. The noble metals include gold, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium. The physical and mechanical properties of the noble and precious metals are presented in tables. A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... acoustic transducer, radiography, thermography, and low-frequency vibration methods. The article also provides information on NDE methods commonly used for metal-matrix composites. acoustic emission computed tomography digital radiography eddy-current electromagnetic acoustic transducer fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 90 ). Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by a catalytic fluid that was not expected to be erosive is shown in Fig. 7 . Fig. 7 Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by an abrasive catalyst. Original magnification: (a) 0.25×, (b) 1× Erosion-resistant metals...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and the reader should consult Ref 3 and Ref 11 , Ref 12 , Ref 13 , Ref 14 , Ref 15 . Casting is a process in which parts are produced by pouring molten metal into a cavity having the shape of the desired product. Figure 3 is a schematic of a typical sand casting configuration. The fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... burners be set to a low firing rate when the main burner is started. This can be done either automatically or manually. Once the main burners have been started, the furnace doors can be shut and the furnace brought up to temperature. All materials have a characteristic evaporation curve, and metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contacting surfaces. In extreme cases, it may lead to complete prevention of sliding; as such, adhesive wear represents one of the fundamental causes of failure for most metal sliding contacts, accounting for approximately 70% of typical component failures. This article discusses the mechanism and failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... air or variable-speed positive-displacement pumps. Atomizers (guns) can be either air or airless. An air gun uses compressed air to atomize the paint delivered to it. In one air gun, the nozzle is insulated from the metal atomizer body by a plastic sleeve. The fluid tip and needle are charged to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroplating finishing joining mechanical grinding molten caustic process molybdenum niobium oxidation-resistant coatings pickling plating refractory metals solvent cleaning surface cleaning tantalum tungsten THE REFRACTORY METALS include niobium (also known as columbium), tantalum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties and chemical composition of nickel, iron, and cobalt-base superalloys in both the cast and wrought forms. chemical composition cobalt-base superalloys environmental factors high-temperature applications iron-base superalloys mechanical properties metal processing...