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metabolic process

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... It provides a description of metal binding and its effects on metabolic processes. Hypersensitive responses to metal ions are also reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility cancer-causing effects corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in metabolic processes as a substituent for the normal metallic ions in the processes and may impact the overall function of the device in its intended environment. Organometallic species may be formed by the reaction of proteins with the metals, inhibiting the normal function of the proteins. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... exchangers, and cooling towers. It begins with an overview of the scope of microbial activity and the corrosion process. Then, various mechanisms that influence corrosion in microorganisms are discussed. The focus is on the incremental activities needed to assess the role played by microorganisms, if any...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of the microbiologist and have emphasized the complexity and diversity of metabolic processes. In practice, the great majority of MIC failures are related to the activities of SRB. Sulfate-reducing bacteria are anaerobic (oxygen-free) bacteria that obtain their required carbon from organic nutrients and their energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are noncorrosive. Microbiocides Microbiocides control microbiological growth. Microbes cause underdeposit corrosion, and some bacteria utilize metals in their metabolic processes. Storage tanks of fuel and other materials often contain small amounts of water that supports microbiological growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that are able to use hydrogen in their metabolism ( Ref 23 ). Severe corrosion cells develop as sulfide, produced by the microbial reduction of sulfate, combines with ferrous ions, released by the corrosion process, to produce insoluble black iron sulfides: (Eq 7) 4 Fe + SO 4 2 − + 8 H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... information regarding dose and tissue levels, greater understanding of the metabolism of metals particularly at the tissue and cellular level where effects that have specificity may occur, and finally, recognition of factors that influence toxicity of a particular level of exposure such as dietary factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... through diffusive processes. These biological influences can be divided into four general categories: Production of organic and inorganic acids as metabolic by-products Production of sulfides under oxygen-free (anaerobic) conditions Introduction of new redox reactions Production of oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... organic media may contain certain microorganisms that can produce a biofilm when exposed to a metal surface. The resulting nonuniform coverage may lead to a concentration cell and eventually initiate corrosion. In addition, the metabolic process of the microorganism can produce a localized acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion resulting from the presence and activities of microbes on metals and metal alloys is generally referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This article describes the biofilm formation and structure and microbial processes influencing corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to be replaced by the body's own metabolic process. This degradation rate can be controlled to allow for the completion of the specific function for which the implant was introduced. The main problem with these naturally formed polymers is their reproducibility; the material is very specific to where and which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in this table are minimum SSPC-SP 10 for steel and SSPC-SP 13 for concrete. Fig. 5 Concrete attack in sewer. Courtesy of Corrosion Probe, Inc. Fig. 7 Typical tertiary treatment process. Graphic use permission received from Water Environment Federation (WEF). Source: Ref 2 Fig. 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., and provide other functions. The generic types, functions, characteristics, and processes of corrosion-protective coatings are described in the articles “Introduction to Coatings and Linings,” “Organic Coatings and Linings,” and “Paint Systems” in ASM Handbook, Volume 13A, 2003. To function...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ). The original Bioglass was produced by melt processing, but in the early 1990s sol-gel-derived bioactive glasses were developed. Sol-gel-derived bioactive glasses generally exhibit enhanced bioactivity compared to melt-derived glasses of similar compositions ( Ref 26 ). Bioactive Glass-Ceramics Bioactive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... alloys hydrocarbon fuels immersion MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC) designates corrosion due to the presence and activities of microorganisms. Microorganisms can accelerate rates of partial reactions in corrosion processes and/or shift the mechanism for corrosion ( Ref 1 ). Most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the steam surface condenser cooling system that condenses the main process steam for reuse in the cycle. Service water systems cool a wide range of plant components, some common to most power plants regardless of fuel type, including turbine lubricating oil coolers, generator hydrogen coolers, and pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the polymer from a biocompatibility perspective. These include raw materials, the manufacturing process, cleaning and sterilization processes, and biodegradation and biostability. The article reviews the general testing methods of polymers, such as chemical, mechanical and thermal. It concludes with a section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... cycling in the presence of chlorides found in airborne salts creates the potential for significant atmospheric corrosion activity on all exposed metal surfaces. In addition to marine exposures, plant processes and sanitary sewers are likely to generate airborne substances, such as hydrogen sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the methods of pulp production, pulp processing, pulp bleaching, and paper manufacturing. It describes various types of digesters, their construction materials, the corrosion problems encountered, and methods to protect these digesters from corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... aspects of ion toxicity. These include ion concentration and accumulation in organisms, reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, and carcinogenicity stimulated by the corrosion process and toxic ions release. biocompatibility carcinogenicity corrosion corrosion resistance immunogenicity...