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merchant quality bars

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... ranges or limits, mechanical property requirements, or both. Hot-rolled carbon steel bars are produced to two primary quality levels: merchant quality and special quality. Merchant quality is the least restrictive descriptor for hot-rolled carbon steel bars. Special quality bars are employed when end use...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 9260 248 235 94B17 156 149 94B30 183 174 (a) Specific microstructure requirements may necessitate modification of these hardness numbers. Product Categories Hot-rolled carbon steel bars are produced to two primary quality levels: merchant quality and special quality...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel plates Regular quality Structural quality Cold-drawing quality Cold-pressing quality Cold-flanging quality Forging quality Pressure vessel quality Hot-rolled carbon steel bars Merchant quality Special quality Special hardenability Special internal soundness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Merchant quality Special quality  Special hardenability  Special internal soundness  Nonmetallic inclusion requirement  Special surface Scrapless nut quality Axle shaft quality Cold extrusion quality Cold-heading and cold-forging quality Cold-finished carbon steel bars...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... with structural quality or pressure vessel quality plate. Regular quality is usually ordered to standard composition ranges and is not customarily produced to mechanical property requirements. Regular quality is analogous to merchant quality for bars because there are normally no restrictions on deoxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... The economics of machining are governed largely by the cost of owning and maintaining equipment and by labor costs. Reducing the production cost per part frequently means minimizing the time that part is being processed on a machine while still maintaining acceptable part quality. The factors that limit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract The primary objectives of the rolling process are to reduce the cross section of the incoming material while improving its properties and to obtain the desired section at the exit from the rolls. This article illustrates a rolling sequence for the fabrication of bars, shapes, and flat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the effect of chemical composition, inoculation, and cooling rate on the microstructure and properties of the casting. Classes of Gray Iron The most widely used classification of gray irons is based on the minimum tensile strength measured on separately cast test bars designed to standardize...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... category, are described in the following sections under their quality descriptions or commodity names. Low-Carbon Steel Wire for General Usage Low-carbon steel wire forms for general usage include industrial or standard-quality wire, annealed low-carbon manufacturers' wire, and merchant wire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... team, and the customer. Some of those interests may be in conflict, forcing the manager to make difficult decisions. Ultimately, the manager must make decisions grounded in quality, safety, performance, merchantability, profitability, and timeliness. These decisions can have far-reaching consequences...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... … 4 60 … 341–444 200-155-1 … 200 … 155 1 … 25 388–477 1400-1100-1 1400 … 1100 … 1 35 … 388–477 230–185 … 230 … 185 (b) … (b) 444–555 1600–1300 1600 … 1300 … (b) (b) … 444–555 (a) Unnotched Charpy bars tested at 72 ± 7 °F (22 ± 4 °C...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.9781627081993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...), and evaluation of macro/microstructure (wedge test for chill in cast iron, nodularity examination in a polished cross section of a cylindrical bar for ductile iron, rapid automated metallographic examination). Thermal analysis that consists of recording and analyzing the cooling curve of the alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of hot gases around it is prevented by sand seals. Car bottom furnaces have been constructed to process charges from a few tons to several hundred tons. They are used for heat treating axles, bars, heavy plates, castings, and miscellaneous shapes. These furnaces also are often used for heating up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... (that is, high quality) weld joints rivaled only by those made with an electron beam. Energy consumption and efficiency of LBW relative to other selected welding processes Table 1 Energy consumption and efficiency of LBW relative to other selected welding processes Welding process Intensity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... (class 102) have moderate reducing capabilities of 10 to 30% combined carbon monoxide and hydrogen, while lean exothermic atmospheres (class 101), usually with 1 to 4% combined carbon monoxide and hydrogen, have minimal reducing qualities. Rich Exothermic Atmospheres The principal uses of rich...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., for merchant bar, blooms, billets, sheet, strip, wire, and for tubing. Pickling Solutions For carbon steel, sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) is used in most batch pickling operations, whereas hydrochloric acid has become the pickling agent of choice, as of 1994, for continuous operations with wire and strip...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Oxidizing Salt Process Metal finishing operations involving stainless steels, superalloys, and titanium metals usually require an oxidizing salt conditioning treatment in the processing of bar, rod, wire, and strip on a production basis. The operating temperatures of these salts vary between 205...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... since 1932. Electrical conductors require a large tonnage of relatively high-purity aluminum wire. Generally, the 1 xxx alloys have excellent surface quality and corrosion resistance and are used in decorative, bright, and anodized applications. Special refining and smelting technology can produce l...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... that is likely to exist in a structure: a crack. The standard ASTM E 602 for notch tensile testing calls for notch-tip radii equal to or less than 0.013 mm (0.0005 in.), easily maintained in machining aluminum specimens (although quality-assurance measurements are recommended). Relative ratings of a wide...