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melt extrusion 3D printers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... a part is printed. The final section provides information on the mechanism of viscous extrusion 3D printing. material extrusion melt extrusion 3D printers MATERIAL EXTRUSION SYSTEMS ( Ref 1 ) are the most common types of additive manufacturing systems, also known as three-dimensional (3D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... , 2011 , p 53 – 82 12. Cooper F. , Do the New, Low Cost Photopolymer 3D Printers Now Becoming Available Have a Place in the Jewelry Manufacturing Environment? The Santa Fe Symposium on Jewelry Manufacturing Technology , 2016 , p 143 – 164 13. Strauss J.T. , “ Metal Powders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.9781627083928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... modeling, is the most popular AM technology on the market. This extrusion-based process constructs three-dimensional (3D) parts by pushing and extruding polymer filament through a heated printing head and depositing the material on a substrate layer by layer. During the extrusion, the filament is heated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0007019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... Table 1 Specification requirements in three-dimensional (3D) concrete printing Category Items Main frame Type of printing mechanism Type of nozzle-traveling system On-site or off-site printing Printable dimensions 3D printer dimensions Extruder Extrusion system of nozzle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... sheets into three-dimensional (3D) shapes. Thermoformed parts can be classified as packaging/disposable products, which account for approximately two-thirds of all thermoformed products, with major markets in food packaging, consumer products, medical and pharmaceutical, electronics, and personal care...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... printing technology. The 3D bone-tumor model was used for surgical planning and for designing the implant. The implant was built from titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) material using a selective laser melting (SLM) 3D printer. The implant was inserted in the patient after partial acetabular resection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... bioprinting process. Many researchers have simply adapted conventional commercial 3D printers to print biomaterials or developed their printers to reduce cost ( Ref 54 ). Three major factors should be taken into consideration when printing via extrusion bioprinting: Adjustability of the viscosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... with troubleshooting ( Ref 6 , 15 , 16 ). In addition to STL, other file formats recognized by 3D printers include AMF, OBJ, VRML/WRL, 3MF, and X3D. Once all errors are corrected and necessary adjustments made, the file is then converted to a 3D-printing-compatible format. The data can then be transferred to a 3D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... Abstract The application of three-dimensional printers can be revolutionary as a tool for the customization and personalization of pharmaceutical dosage forms. The areas of 3D printing applicable to pharmaceutical manufacturing can be segregated into three categories: extrusion technologies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... and knife to produce woodlike models by paper lamination. Kira referred to Solid Center as the first plain-paper 3D printer. In 1996, Schroff Development initiated sales of its semiautomated paper lamination system for under $10,000. Sales ceased in 2002. Helisys stopped producing LOM machines in 2000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... the stereolithography 3D printer, which opened the door to an interesting and promising technology. Since then, the technology has developed and goes by various names, such as rapid prototyping, laser lithography, and so on. Upon entering the new century, this technology became more popular. In approximately 2010...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006861
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... as suitable for high-throughput 3D manufacturing. This article provides an overview of inkjet 3D printing (also referred to as 3D inkjetting). It then highlights the major components and accessories used in commercial and laboratory-based 3D inkjet printers. Next, the article describes the process physics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... fusion, directed energy deposition, material extrusion, binder jetting, and sheet lamination. binder jetting directed energy deposition material extrusion material jetting powder bed fusion sheet lamination vat photopolymerization ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING (AM), popularly known as 3D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... ) Pneumatic or mechanical-based material extrusion: 3D microextrusion, 3D microfiber extrusion, 3D fiber deposition, 3D plotting, and melt electrowriting ( Ref 91 – 95 ) For this article, the focus is only on the fused deposition modeling material-extrusion-based approach ( Fig. 7 ), which is a more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
..., this support material must be removed. Support-removal techniques vary depending on process, material composition, and part geometry. 3D Systems’ photopolymer MJ systems require freezing the build plate to enable the separation of parts from the build plate, followed by a heat treatment to melt away the waxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... to a conventional two-dimensional printer. Thus, they were grouped together with other low-cost AM machines, which were not necessarily based on conventional printing technology, and collectively also called “3D Printers” to distinguish them from the more advanced industrial RP machines ( Ref 3 ). A common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... – 538 , 2013 . 10.1016/j.procir.2013.03.101 7. “ HP 3D PRINT: A new era of digital manufacturing ,” HP . [Online]. Available: https://www8.hp.com/us/en/printers/3d-printers.html . 8. Elliott A. M. and Love L. J. , “ Operator Burden in Metal Additive Manufacturing ,” in 27th...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... materials. This article classifies the most relevant technologies into two groups based on the raw materials used: Powder-bed methods: Selective laser melting, also commonly described as direct metal laser sintering Electron beam melting Binder jet three-dimensional (3D) printing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... scanning. Material Selection Following digitization, the reconstructed model is input to a 3D printer for the AM fabrication process. Multiple AM processes are available. In fact, the number and types of AM processes available are growing rapidly each year. Even though they share a common basis...