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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article tabulates materials that are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals, ceramics and glasses, and synthetic polymers in order. These tables were compiled from the Medical Materials Database which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... biocompatibility ceramics medical implants metals nonresorbable polymers polymers resorbable polymers ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene IDEALLY, THE DESIGN AND MATERIALS of which an implant is fabricated should accomplish the defined clinical objective. The local tissue response should produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biocompatibility issues of all implant materials. The terms biodegradatio n, bioerosion , bioabsorption , and bioresorption are all loosely coined in the medical world to indicate that the implant device would eventually disappear after being introduced into the body ( Ref 6 ). The successful use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response of implant and particulate materials to severe corrosion. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.9781627081986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... the different critical material aspects of additively manufactured medical devices, beginning with the preprinting phase (material consistency and recycling), the printing phase (build orientation), and the postprinting phase (part evaluation, biocompatibility, and sterilization) with supporting materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... infrared analysis medical devices polymeric biomaterials qualitative tests quantitative tests risk assessment thermal analysis CURRENTLY, there is a great deal of discussion about the merits of chemical and material characterization with regard to medical device biocompatibility. While it may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., and an examination of several methods used to test the biocompatibility of ceramics. An exhaustive review of the range of ceramics in current use in medical applications is not discussed. Humans have sought to replace parts of the human body with foreign materials for at least 2000 years. However, the success...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Polymers offer a wide range of choices for medical applications because of their versatility in properties and processing. This article provides an overview of polymeric materials and the characteristics that make them a unique class of materials. It describes the ways to classify...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... laser welding medical devices microjoining microresistance spot welding nitinol microscopic forceps pacemaker radioactive seed implant MICROJOINING METHODS are commonly used to fabricate medical components and devices. Various materials processing techniques, including welding and joining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... strength-to-weight ratio, radiopacity, and reduced modulus over traditionally used materials, have given medical device designers a new dimension and versatility that previously could not be obtained solely with metals or ceramics. The versatility of polymers means that they can be processed to have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... medical device adhesives are listed in a table. The article concludes with a section on the selection of materials for medical adhesives. acrylics adhesive bonding adhesive selection bioadhesives biocompatibility curing cyanoacrylates dentistry epoxies hot melts medical adhesives medical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Evaluation of biodegradation of medical devices ISO 10993-10 Tests for irritation and sensitization ISO 10993-11 Tests for systemic toxicity ISO 10993-12 Sample preparation and reference materials ISO 10993-13 Identification and quantification of degradation of ceramics ISO 10993-14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... Abstract This article provides highlights of the general process and workflow of creating a 3D-printed model from a medical image and discusses the applications of additively manufactured materials. It provides a brief background on Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the analysis of materials and mechanical- (or biomechanical-) based medical device failures. It reviews the failure analysis practices, including evidence receipt, cleaning, nondestructive examination, destructive examination, exemplars analysis, and device...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... offer a sophisticated approach for making medical devices and drug-delivery systems. This article focuses on vat polymerization ( Ref 11 – 15 ), one of the additive manufacturing processes, and introduces its medical applications from the materials science viewpoint. Classification...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... their melting points and increase ductility. Tantalum ceramics, notably the nitrides and carbides, are among the hardest of materials and are used in cutting tools in applications similar to tungsten carbide ( Ref 9 ). With regard to the medical applications of tantalum, its resistance to corrosion, coupled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
...-additive manufacturing. additive manufacturing medical devices Additive Manufacturing Methods and Market Size Three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies were defined by ASTM International (formerly known as American Society for Testing and Materials) standards as additive manufacturing (AM...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., especially in the realm of resorbable materials. Common polymers and their medical uses are listed in Table 6 . Common polymers and their medical uses Table 6 Common polymers and their medical uses Polymer Typical usage Polyethylene Tubing; connectors and bottles; plastic surgery implants...