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mechanical-hydraulic milling

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the presses that are mechanically or hydraulically powered and used for producing sheet, strip, and plate from sheet metal. It also presents the JIC standards for presses, compares the presses based on power source, details the selection criteria and provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Forging machines use a wide variety of hammers, presses, and dies to produce products with the desired shape, size, and geometry. This article discusses the major types of hammers (gravity-drop, power-drop, high speed, and open-die forging), and presses (mechanical, hydraulic, screw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Table 1 Speed-range and speed-stroke behavior of forging equipment Forging machine Speed range Speed-stroke behavior ft/s m/s Hydraulic press 0.2–1.0 (a) 0.06–0.30 (a) Mechanical press 0.2–5 0.06–1.5 Screw press 2–4 0.6–1.2 Gravity-drop hammer 12–16...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... products from blooms, billets, and slabs. It describes two methods for shapes or sections: universal rolling and caliber rolling. The article provides information on two-high mills and three-high mills. Specialty mills for thin sheets, namely, the Sendzimir mill and planetary mill, are discussed. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003999
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... grain structure of components or mill products. The cold, warm, and hot strain produced during deformation processing of nickel-base alloy materials is also used to tailor the mechanical properties for specific applications. In thermomechanical processing (TMP), temperature and deformation strain are...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., radial-axial horizontal rolling machines, four-mandrel mechanical table mills, three-mandrel table mills, and automatic radial-axial multiple-mandrel ring mills. The article provides a discussion on the process control technology and ancillary operations of ring rolling. It describes the methods of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the dies (particularly the upper die) for a shorter length of time. Mechanical presses are extensively used for small forgings; they are used less often for forgings weighing as much as 45 kg (100 lb) each and are seldom used for forgings weighing more than 70 kg (150 lb). Hydraulic presses can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... metalworking equipment and new materials with special properties and applications. The new types of equipment have included mechanical and screw presses and high-speed tandem rolling mills. The materials that have benefited from such developments in equipment range from the low-carbon steel and advanced high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... shapes; forgings; and impacts. The article provides information on product economics, design and selection, including product dimension and dimension tolerances, and design and use of wrought product capabilities. Finally, it tabulates the specifications and standards for aluminum mill products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... aliphatic urethane resin system that shows promise. Coatings made with this material are now under evaluation. In chemical milling, metal is removed by chemical etching rather than by mechanical methods. The maskant is a coating of any kind that defines which areas on the part are to remain unetched (it...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a description of the comminution process (wet and dry milling methods), it discusses batching and mixing operations and granulation methods. The article also deals with the effect of process variables and the steps involved in chemical synthesis, including preparation from solution and gas-phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... mechanical properties of all wrought aluminum alloys referred to in this article are reviewed in the articles “Aluminum Mill and Engineered Wrought Products” and “Properties of Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys” in Properties and Selection: Nonferous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials , Volume 2 of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... enhances lubrication of the rolling oil. It is referred to as a pickle oil. In situations where steel is rolled prior to shipping, temper-mill lubricants are used. These lubricants must be compatible with the slushing oils that are designed to protect surfaces during shipping and handling. The use of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) (copper) to large billet and strip casters with crucible capacities to 2500 kg (5500 lb) (copper). The Wertli strip casting plants include in-line operations such as milling equipment, traveling shear, coiler, and die and track friction. Hydraulically amplified electric drives are used to achieve forces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... measuring machine but neglecting heat treatment and coating) is presented in Fig. 1 . As seen in this figure, forging dies are primarily manufactured by three- or four-axis computer numerical controlled (CNC) milling, EDM, or a combination of both. Fig. 1 Information flow and processing steps in die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... its flow-stress dependence on processing variables (e.g., strain, strain rate, preheat temperature, and die temperature), its failure behavior, and the phase transformations that characterize the alloy system to which it belongs. Very few mechanical tests are capable of providing information about...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... selecting applicable processes alternative to the more conventional material-removal processes. Usually the processing parameters are somewhat more difficult to specify than those for turning, milling, drilling, and other better known machining methods. Table 1 Process summary chart for ECM and EDM...
Book Chapter

By Erhard Klar
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... limitations The basic and economic press-and-sinter technique, employing mechanical and hydraulic presses for the compaction of the powders, has shape and size limitations. Because of the generally higher cost of powders in comparison to ingots and the high cost of tooling, presses, and sintering furnaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... press tooling. The machines used for bending of bars include the following: devices and fixtures for manual bending, press brakes, conventional mechanical and hydraulic presses, horizontal bending machines, rotary benders, and bending presses. Shapers have also been used to perform specific bending...