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mechanical-electric-hydraulic milling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... products from blooms, billets, and slabs. It describes two methods for shapes or sections: universal rolling and caliber rolling. The article provides information on two-high mills and three-high mills. Specialty mills for thin sheets, namely, the Sendzimir mill and planetary mill, are discussed. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003999
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... grain structure of components or mill products. The cold, warm, and hot strain produced during deformation processing of nickel-base alloy materials is also used to tailor the mechanical properties for specific applications. In thermomechanical processing (TMP), temperature and deformation strain are...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., radial-axial horizontal rolling machines, four-mandrel mechanical table mills, three-mandrel table mills, and automatic radial-axial multiple-mandrel ring mills. The article provides a discussion on the process control technology and ancillary operations of ring rolling. It describes the methods of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the dies (particularly the upper die) for a shorter length of time. Mechanical presses are extensively used for small forgings; they are used less often for forgings weighing as much as 45 kg (100 lb) each and are seldom used for forgings weighing more than 70 kg (150 lb). Hydraulic presses can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thermal and electrical conductivities, low mechanical properties, and excellent workability. Moderate increases in strength may be obtained by strain hardening. Iron and silicon are the major impurities. Copper is the principal alloying element in 2 xxx series alloys, often with magnesium as a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... aliphatic urethane resin system that shows promise. Coatings made with this material are now under evaluation. In chemical milling, metal is removed by chemical etching rather than by mechanical methods. The maskant is a coating of any kind that defines which areas on the part are to remain unetched (it...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a description of the comminution process (wet and dry milling methods), it discusses batching and mixing operations and granulation methods. The article also deals with the effect of process variables and the steps involved in chemical synthesis, including preparation from solution and gas-phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... deflection is obtained; that is, high loads L P and low deformation energies E P are measured. Thus, errors in calculating E P do not impair the accuracy of the stiffness calculations. In addition to direct friction and electric drives, several other types of mechanical, electric, and hydraulic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the presses that are mechanically or hydraulically powered and used for producing sheet, strip, and plate from sheet metal. It also presents the JIC standards for presses, compares the presses based on power source, details the selection criteria and provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... upstroke. In addition to friction and direct-electric drives, several other types of mechanical, electric, and hydraulic drives are commonly used in screw presses. A relatively new screw press drive ( Fig. 8 ) uses a flywheel similar to that used to initiate the stroke of an eccentric mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... mechanical properties of all wrought aluminum alloys referred to in this article are reviewed in the articles “Aluminum Mill and Engineered Wrought Products” and “Properties of Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys” in Properties and Selection: Nonferous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials , Volume 2 of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fluid separating forces; must protect mechanical and electrical systems for corrosive electrolytes, and have provisions for venting of work areas; dc power source; electrolyte system, including pumps, filters, storage tanks, and heat exchanger; electrolyte clarifier may be required; servomechanism for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... enhances lubrication of the rolling oil. It is referred to as a pickle oil. In situations where steel is rolled prior to shipping, temper-mill lubricants are used. These lubricants must be compatible with the slushing oils that are designed to protect surfaces during shipping and handling. The use of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) (copper) to large billet and strip casters with crucible capacities to 2500 kg (5500 lb) (copper). The Wertli strip casting plants include in-line operations such as milling equipment, traveling shear, coiler, and die and track friction. Hydraulically amplified electric drives are used to achieve forces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... measuring machine but neglecting heat treatment and coating) is presented in Fig. 1 . As seen in this figure, forging dies are primarily manufactured by three- or four-axis computer numerical controlled (CNC) milling, EDM, or a combination of both. Fig. 1 Information flow and processing steps in die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-compression) actuator; 13, torque reaction plate; 14, hydraulic motor; 15, incremental optical encoder; 16, electrical leads; 17, water lines; 18, hydraulic lines. Source: Ref 52 Three types of motors are generally used for torsion testing to assess workability: electric, hydraulic, and hydraulic...
Book Chapter

By Erhard Klar
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... limitations The basic and economic press-and-sinter technique, employing mechanical and hydraulic presses for the compaction of the powders, has shape and size limitations. Because of the generally higher cost of powders in comparison to ingots and the high cost of tooling, presses, and sintering furnaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... formed into a tubular shape on a precision forming mill. For forge-welded tube, the edges of the strip are heated to the required welding temperature, usually by high-frequency electric current, and are pressed firmly together causing a forge-type joint to be formed with internal and external flash...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... mechanical damage. With mill-applied coatings, the conditions during handling and transportation to the trench ( Fig. 5 ) can lead to damage. Pipeline sections ranging from 12 to 24 m (40 to 80 ft) in length and a diameter of up to 1.2 m (48 in.) can be coated at the mill. The overall weight of these coated...