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mechanical assisted lay-up

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... molding, and autoclave molding - suited for making parts on open-faced molds using polyester and vinyl ester resins. The article also provides information on mechanically assisted lay-up which can be automated to alleviate some of the manual work. autoclave molding contact molding hand lay-up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., vacuum forming, resin- transfer molding, manual/mechanically-assisted lay-up and electroformed nickel tooling. Virtually any freeform fabrication technique may be used to produce short-run tooling. Epoxy-backed SLA molds have been demonstrated for aerospace applications in a resin transfer molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... care. It explains the resin selection in designing the composite for use in a particular application. The article illustrates the various methods that are used to process a composite component, namely, wet lay-up, autoclave, resin transfer molding, and vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... methods: Wet lay-up, prepreg lay-up, fiber placement, tape lay-up, pultrusion, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum- assisted resin transfer molding, filament winding, compression molding, injection molding, centrifugal casting Processing equipment: Vacuum bagging, molds, ovens, autoclaves, presses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of prepreg materials, automated tape lay-up of prepreg materials, resin transfer molding, vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding, resin film infusion, wet lay-up, filament winding, pultrusion, and compression molding of sheet molding or bulk molding compound. While these processes are general in description...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and extrusion are widely employed. Composites based on thermosetting plastics are processed using specially developed methods, including: Contact molding, which employs single-surface molds, as in hand lay-up, spray-up, and filament winding Compression-type molding, as in sheet molding, bulk molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to the threat of environmental legislation. The main impetus for the development has always been the elimination of styrene emission. The technology was developed as an alternative to open-mold manufacturing processes like hand lay-up and spray-up. Vacuum infusion was considered as a low-cost alternative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract In-process inspection during composite material lay-up is essential if the structural, dimensional, and environmental performance designed into a part is to be consistently achieved. This article discusses the requirements to be met by the facilities and equipment to produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and the mechanical properties of the resulting composite structure decrease. Thus, the time to complete the assembly must be addressed in the design of the component. If intricate ply lay-ups are required, then pre-kitting must be employed in forming the preform for wet systems or automation for cutting and material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the importance of progressing from post-manufacturing inspection/verification to in-process inspection/verification methods. It lists the various quality assurance factors considered for typical composite laminate lay-up process. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and microbiological corrosion can occur under poor lay-up conditions. Further discussion of corrosion and failure mechanisms is provided in Ref 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 . One distinguishing feature of corrosion is its appearance. Metal loss may be uniform, so the surface appears smooth. Conversely, the surface may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... . In the wet lay-up process, fabric is impregnated on-site and wrapped around a column, with cure generally taking place under ambient conditions. In wet winding, the process of fabrication is automated, but essentially follows the same schema, with the difference being that the ensuing jacket has a nominal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., rotational molding, compression molding, transfer molding, hand lay-up process, casting, and additive manufacturing. compounding operations dies extruder extrusion molding injection molding mixing molds process troubleshooting product design screw extruder thermoforming webline handling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... filament-wound duct Fig. 19 F110 carbon-PMR filament-wound duct Fig. 20 F110 carbon-PMR hand lay-up fabric duct In 1996, the DMLCC,E program also explored solvent-assisted resin transfer molding (SaRTM) of braided preforms as a low-cost manufacturing method for carbon-PMR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... lay-up, forming, and joining techniques that in certain applications slash process times from hours to minutes. Several industry and government-directed prototype efforts ( Fig. 1 ) have been conducted that demonstrate the potential economic benefits of ATPC materials and methods, but full-up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... is used for hand lay-ups, tape wrapping, and molding compounds in the chopped cloth (12.7 mm × 12.7 mm, or 1 2 in. × 1 2 in.) version. The tensile, compressive, and shear (strength and modulus) mechanical properties decrease in value with an increase in temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... list of current reinforcements, matrix materials, and coupling agents. Most frequently used reinforcements include: Uniaxial continuous fiber for end-tape filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion Fabric (warp and fill continuous fiber) for tape wrapping and lay-up fabrication processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the poor transverse properties of OMCs. A great deal of flexibility exists in the lay-up of a composite, so that the fraction of fibers in any given direction can be tailored in proportion to the load that must be supported. In-plane isotropy is required in some applications, so a quasi-isotropic (Q/I...