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matrix smears

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... are reviewed. These include scratches, fiber pull-out, matrix smears, streaks, erosion of different phases, and fiber and sample edge rounding and relief. References References 1. Hayes B.S. and Gammon L.M. , Microscopy , Composites , Vol 21 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2001...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Phosphorus forms a liquid phase that causes pore rounding during sintering. Arrows E show fine two-phase eutectoid or eutectic of Fe-C-P. Arrows P indicate isolated phosphorus-rich phase in grain boundaries. Matrix is all white ferrite. 2% nital. 545× Fig. 42 Water-atomized iron powder with 0.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition of the major components of dental composite resins: organic resin matrix, filler, coupling agents, and initiator-accelerator systems. It describes the properties of composite resins that are related to the amount and type of filler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., 1999 ( Long Beach, CA ) A material system that is used in some high-performance applications is a combination of titanium honeycomb sandwiched between polymer-matrix carbon fiber composite facesheets. The open and thin walls of the titanium honeycomb require a special mounting technique...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., though not necessarily in the same related order: flaking or pitting (fatigue), cracks or fractures, rotational creep, smearing, wear, softening, indentation, fluting, and corrosion ( Ref 2 ). Two or more failure mechanisms can be active simultaneously and can thus be in competition with one another...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... with crystalline alumina or fluoride-mica glass ceramic Gypsum dies CaSO 4 ·2H 2 O Porcelain (PFM) Pottassium-sodium alumino-silicate glasses Porcelain denture teeth Quartz particles in a glass matrix Polymers Cements:  Glass ionomer Acrylic or maleic acid copolymer and calcium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Disturbance in outer fragmented layer Continued polishing Tempered steels Rehardened martensite caused by excessive heat Appropriate cooling Source: Ref 7 Fig. 4 Etching of 70–30 brass reveals smeared layer Fig. 5 Surface roughness of Si 3 N 4 after (a) 0.25 μm diamond polish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... … … … 0.35 0.45 0.15 (a) All values not given as ranges are maximum except as shown otherwise. (b) ISO SnSb8Cu4 has 0.35 max Pb. (c) SAE 16 is cast into and on a porous sintered matrix (usually copper-nickel bonded to steel). The surface layer is 0.025 to 0.13 mm (0.001 to 0.005 in.) thick...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the experimental and theoretical aspects of small-angle scattering, and discusses specific applications used in the characterization of metals, glasses, polymers, and ceramics. The basic methods of collimating x-rays, the cause of smearing from a line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... in the austempered ductile iron shown in Fig. 23(a) . Original magnification: 1600× Fig. 16 Variation in matrix microstructure of ductile irons. (a) Fully ferritic ductile iron. (b) Ferritic ductile iron containing 4% pearlite. (c) Ferritic ductile iron containing 16% pearlite. (d) Pearlitic ductile iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to be conducted to determine if this difference is important. Final polishing with an alumina suspension makes the graphite boundaries sharper by removing the matrix, which was smeared over the edge of the graphite during grinding and was not removed by the diamond polishing steps. Figure 71 also shows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , respectively. The service life estimates for 85/15 wt% Zn/Al alloy and the 90/10 vol% aluminum metal-matrix composites (MMCs) TSCs introduced in the late 1970s and 1980s, respectively, are based on accelerated laboratory tests and service applications through 1992. In a marine environment, powder TSC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., including matrix cracking, fiber-matrix debonding, delamination between plies, and fiber breakage. This article summarizes visual analysis and nondestructive testing methods for the failure analysis of composites. These methods include radiography, ultrasonic techniques, acoustic emission, and thermograph...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., in a Zircaloy matrix. Original magnification: 500×. Fig. 8 Zircaloy 2/pure zirconium coextruded tubing, transverse, attack polished, etchant procedure No. 2 ( Table 2 ), anodized at 15 V, polarized light. This area shows the interface region of the coextruded tube. Original magnification: 200...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Classification of cast iron by commercial designation, microstructure, and fracture Table 1 Classification of cast iron by commercial designation, microstructure, and fracture Commercial designation Carbon-rich phase Matrix (a) Fracture Final structure after Gray iron Lamellar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... analysis, the fibrous composite structure is essentially discretized at the lamina level, rather than at the fiber-matrix level. Each ply is discretely modeled in space using 3-D solid elements. There are obvious variations to this approach, where all or some layers can be smeared into a single layer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... article in this Volume, “Fracture Appearance and Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture.” In a smooth cylindrical tensile specimen, failure most commonly initiates by inclusion-matrix interface debonding near the centerline. This results in a central fibrous region that is normal to the applied load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., as discussed in the article “Fracture Appearance and Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture” in this Volume. In a smooth cylindrical tensile specimen, failure most commonly initiates by inclusion-matrix interface debonding near the centerline. This results in a central fibrous region, which is normal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of Smearing Damage in Cylindrical Roller Bearings , Tribol. Trans ., Vol 56 , 2013 , p 703 – 716 10.1080/10402004.2013.788236 48. Evans R.D. , Hager C.H. Jr. , Kang Y.S. , and Doll G.L. , Comparison of Black Oxide and Tungsten Carbide-Reinforced Diamond-like Carbon (WC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in Manaurite superalloy. Marble’s etch. (d) Advanced creep in same Manaurite superalloy shown in (c). Marble’s etch. (e) Scanning electron microscope image of creep void Stress resulting from a twisting motion often has unique characteristics. The fracture surface is usually severely deformed or smeared...