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materials characterization

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the methods for using Rayleigh waves for defect detection and materials characterization, alongside nonlinear ultrasonic inspection and surface acoustic wave (SAW) microscopy. The article concludes with information on the standards that use Rayleigh waves for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... a problem, it is important to consider the order in which these analyses are performed, as some types of analysis are destructive or alter the sample, making subsequent types of analysis impossible. Materials Characterization has been developed with the goal of providing the engineer or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides a general introduction of materials characterization and describes the principles and applications of a limited number of techniques that are most commonly used to characterize the composition and structure of metals used in engineering systems. It briefly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article introduces the principles of Raman spectroscopy and the representative materials characterization applications to which Raman spectroscopy has been applied. A discussion on light-scattering fundamentals and a description of the experimental aspects of the technique are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of engineering tables providing information on the mechanical properties of and the techniques for processing and characterizing polymeric materials, such as thermosets, thermoset-matrix unidirectional advanced composites, and unreinforced and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... descriptions and data that characterize each generic material according to its composition and method of manufacture. Because the composition and manufacture of virtually all materials are subject to change by their manufacturers, a composite may bear the same name for several years, but its mechanical and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... here that the term bioactive has been used to express a wide range of material reactions under biological conditions. In the widest sense, all materials characterized in Table 1 are bioactive. If one considers bioactive to be synonymous to “formation of apatite in an aqueous system,” calcium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... measurement device. The principles on which thermocouples depend, as well as their design considerations are described in detail in the article “Thermocouple Materials,” in Volume 2 of ASM Handbook. A thermocouple is a device in which the temperature difference between the ends of a pair of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... characterized by retaining a large amount of residual magnetism after exposure to a strong magnetic field. These materials typically have coercive force, H c , values of several hundred to several thousand oersteds (Oe), and are considered to be permanent magnets. The coercive force is a measure of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to demagnetization. The best magnetically soft materials have H c values of virtually zero. The hysteresis loop of such a material retraces itself through or near the origin point with each cycle. Conversely, permanent magnet materials have wide hysteresis loops, characterized by high values...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The selection of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This article classifies various engineered...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... When compared with competing cutting tool materials, high-speed steels are characterized by moderate wear resistance and high transverse rupture strengths ( Fig. 3 ), giving them wide applicability on machining operations. Their primary limitation is speed/metal removal rate, as they typically suffer...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... secondary machining or grinding processes. Sometimes the form of the starting material is important. For example, a hollow shaft can be made best by starting with a tube rather than a solid bar. Shape is often characterized by aspect ratio, the surface-to-volume ratio, or the web thickness-to-depth ratio...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., including gas flow patterns and chemical-reaction pathways, is still immature. Growth parameters, such as temperature, pressure, total gas flow, and Group III/V ratio, are optimized empirically. Material is grown and characterized by ex-situ techniques. These results are correlated with the deposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... consideration of the corrosion resistance of implant materials during the materials selection process. Laing tested 42 alloys and 13 pure metals in rabbits to characterize the tissue reaction (thickness of reactive pseudo-membrane) and the metal content in tissues surrounding the implant specimens. His...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... device Detailed characterization (physical, chemical, surface, etc.) of the component material Anticipated or expected duration of the interaction between the device and the tissue All medical devices involve some degree of risk, and biocompatibility testing is a critical part of the product...