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material displacement straightening

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the pattern materials used in investment casting. It describes patternmaking process, pattern tooling, and pattern and cluster assembly. The article provides information on melting equipment, casting methods, and the inspection and testing of investment casted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Powder forging is an extension of the conventional press and sinter powder metallurgy process, which is recognized as an effective technology for producing a variety of parts to net or near-net shape. This article focuses on the material considerations, such as powder characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article describes the fundamental concepts of heat treatment simulation, including the physical events and their interactions, the heat treatment simulation software, and the commonly used simulation strategies. It summarizes material data needed for heat treatment simulations and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... greatest in the ±45° directions. Fig. 2 A primitive acoustic emission wave released at a source is essentially a stress pulse corresponding to a permanent displacement of the material. Fig. 3 Angular dependence of acoustic emission radiated by formation of a tensile microcrack in the plane...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... more or less directly proportional to the change in stress up to the elastic limit of the ferrous product. These systems cannot be used to inspect hot rolled or annealed bars unless they have been subjected to some uniform cold work, such as rotary straightening for round material or planar-type...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fractography is the systematic study of fractures and fracture surfaces. It is a useful tool in failure analysis and provides a means for correlating the influence of microstructure on the fracture mode of a given material. This article discusses the preservation, preparation, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article discusses the operation of upset forging machines and selection of the machine size. It describes several types of upsetter heading tools and their materials. The article reviews the cold shearing and hot shearing methods for preparing blanks for hot upset forging. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the deformation and viscoelastic characteristics of plastics as polymeric materials, focusing on the test methods used for the evaluation of their mechanical properties, methods available for analytically predicting the deformation response of polymers, and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... measurement methods, temperature control, materials handling, and filtration processes during the agitation process. The maintenance of quenching installations is also discussed. agitators computational fluid dynamics fixtures quench tank design quenchants quenching safety precautions MUCH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, filiform corrosion, and corrosion in water and soils. It discusses the effects of composition, microstructure, stress-intensity factor, and nonmetallic building materials on the corrosion behavior of aluminum and its alloys. The article also describes the corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... was straightened to within 0.8 mm ( 1 32 in.) by shot peening. Stress corrosion is a complex interaction of sustained tensile stress at a surface and corrosive attack that can result in brittle failure of a ductile material. Cracking due to stress corrosion has been associated with several...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... extrusion. Severe plastic deformation, especially in the shear zone, occurs as the billet flows toward the die. The stiff shell and the dead-metal zone are in axial compression during extrusion. The displaced material of the outer regions flows to the back of the billet, where it migrates toward the center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be partially controlled by increasing the thickness of the 0.06-in. (1.5 mm) section to 0.187 in. (4.75 mm) (with subsequent machining off the excess material), the 12-in. (30 cm) radius was difficult to machine to close tolerances in production. This part could have been cast without excessive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... is the most commonly used probe. However, other probes manufactured from silver or other materials can be used. The probe material should always be specified. It is generally not possible to compare probes of different materials and tested to different methods. A comparison of the different cooling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... energy into the material, and the other sensor receives reflected and diffracted ultrasound from anomalies and geometric reflectors. Time-of-flight diffraction provides a wide area of coverage with a single beam that can disperse ultrasonic energy, both inside the wedge and the inspected material. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and in residual compression through the side deformed in tension. Cross-roll straightened bar stock can have spiral patterns of residual tension and compression. The complex residual-stress distribution in a weld depends on the geometry, constraints, order of fusion, temperature distribution, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... structure can carry a certain load at 20 °C (70 °F), it can carry the same load without deforming at lower temperatures. WEAR is a surface phenomenon that occurs by displacement and detachment of material. Because wear usually implies a progressive loss of weight and alteration of dimensions over a...