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manufacturing-installation defects

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... as an option. For these manufacturer-installed systems, this registration is accomplished by concurrent access to the beam location information provided by the scanner. Temperature measurement of the melt pool is complicated by the fact that the emissivity of the surface changes with temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... was not defective or bad, and the part design was reasonable too, except for the material selection, which turned out to be the critical factor in this case. Manufacture refers to the process of creating a product from technical documentation and raw materials, generally performed at a factory. Installation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-16 aircraft repair Fig. 3 Peel ply removal from composite doubler Fig. 1 Example of the shear stress distribution in a bonded repair where the defect remains in the structure and the substrate is restrained from bending Fig. 4 Installation of vacuum bag containing heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... radiation effects A major commercial vehicle part manufacturer discovered a problem with an axle-beam forging. A forming lap or fold defect was evident on the finish-forged product, as seen in Fig. 21 . History and experience guided the designers to concentrate their efforts on the blocker...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... that in this case, chevrons do not form until the third reduction. Forward extrusion is a process used extensively in the automotive manufacturing industry. Certain extruded components, such as axle shafts, are considered critical for safe operation of the vehicle and must be free of defects. During the mid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Catering 7 Belt loader 6 Tug/towbar/taxi 6 Loader 5 Maintenance 5 Cargo loading 3 Lavatory and water service 3 Container 2 Fueling 2 Source: Ref 8 Manufacturing defects in fiber composite laminates Table 3 Manufacturing defects in fiber composite laminates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... construction should comply with both the specification and the manufacturer's recommendations for the rubber product used in the installation. Surfaces to be covered with rubber should be cleaned by abrasive blasting to achieve a cleanliness equivalent to Steel Structures Painting Council specification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , Subsection 4.1.2 (Organization), 4.1.2.1 (Responsibility and Authority), “Quality Systems—Models for Quality Assurance in Design/Development, Production, Installation, and Servicing,” ANSI , 1987 3. ANSI/AWS C3.3, Forward , “Recommended Practices for Design, Manufacture, and Inspection of Critical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and type, etc.). The goal of NDE in commercial and production environments is to identify defects, not just any flaws. Defects are flaws that are rejectable due to product specification requirements. Flaws are often markedly influenced by the method of manufacture. For example, welded pipe has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... (acceleration and surface skinning). For outdoor installations, in addition to temperature and humidity, air flow and direct sunlight affect all chemistries, primarily from surface skinning (trapping of air and lack of flow and leveling). Product data sheets from the manufacturer usually specify the allowable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-in-place (FIP) seals Fig. 1 Simple butt joint. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 2 Simple lap joint. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 3 Seal types Fig. 12 Spray-painting patterns Fig. 13 Typical paint application defects Fig. 7 Sealant overcoat of fasteners. Source: Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and Cutting,” and CGA E-4, “Standard for Gas Regulators for Welding and Cutting,” for more information. Hose and hose connections should be installed and used in accordance with ANSI/AWS Z49.1 and CGA E-1, “Regulator Connection Standards,” published jointly by the Rubber Manufacturers Association...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (for example, sheet) that have large reduction ratios. Radial cracks, center looseness or centerline cracking, minor amounts of gas evolution, and other internal defects are not deleterious in heavily rolled products. In the manufacture of heavy plates, however, these conditions can represent serious product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... , American Ceramic Society , 1998 , p 53 – 73 26. Duvierre G. , Krings A. , and Sertain E. , Defects and Their Origins in Glass , Glastek. Tidskrift , Vol 45 ( No. 2 ), 1990 , p 63 – 70 27. Davis L.J. and McCollum J.M. , Refractory Selection for Non-Ferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... expensive practice, because there are two fasteners that must be purchased and installed separately, and the internal thread must be manufactured, for example, drilled and tapped, as well. Studs are advantageous for positioning the joint members and where assembling a long screw is not feasible. Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... from higher-signal levels, and isolation of servo controls from all other signals. The control designer must also consider the manufacturing procedures and environment that will exist in the final equipment installation. If the machine is to be installed in a job shop environment where only one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... quality between various products; that is, bullets produced in one state had to work in guns manufactured in another. Inspection of virtually every product unit by the military gave way to inspection sampling backed by the publication of specifications and standards. In 1951, Joseph Juran introduced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the conceptual design phase. Sources of the defects and damage, such as manufacturing defects and in-service defects, are reviewed. The article describes the nondestructive inspection methods that are used in the repair of composite structures to locate damage, characterize the extent of damage, and ensure post...