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magnifying systems

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... borescopes (rigid and flexible), optical sensors, and magnifying systems. The article discusses the special features of borescopes, the factors that influence the choice of a flexible or rigid borescope for use in a specific application, and some of the image sensors used in visual inspection. flexible...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., including borescopes (rigid and flexible), optical sensors, and magnifying systems. The article discusses the special features of borescopes, the factors that influence the choice of a flexible or rigid borescope for use in a specific application, and some of the image sensors used in visual inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-stage projection microscope. The object is at O and the final image at C, with an intermediate image at B. Fig. 4 The optical systems for the two common types of projection microscope. (a) Transmission illumination. (b) Reflected illumination Fig. 5 Microstructures of (a) a gray cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... magnification. (i) Surface profile magnified 5000× equally in all directions. (ii) Profile with V v : V h ratio of 5:1. (iii) Profile graph recorded with a V v : V h ratio of 50:1. As the horizontal magnification of the profile is increased, the length X-X is expanded to X′-X′ and the peaks A, B, C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... on automated optical inspection systems. visual inspection direct visual examination indirect visual examination rigid borescopes fiberscopes videoscopes automated optical inspection systems unmanned aerial vehicles VISUAL INSPECTION (VI) is the oldest inspection technique man has used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... graphics.cs.uiuc.edu/∼garland/software/qslim.html Algorithm STRIPE www.cs.sunysb.edu/∼stripe/ Public domain algorithm Amira, Template Graphics, Inc. (TGS) www.amiravis.com/ Commercial algorithm AVS Express, Advanced Visual Systems www.avs.com Commercial algorithm Imaris, Bitplane, Inc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... at higher magnification of the area in the rectangle in Fig. 1022 . Fatigue striations with a spacing of about 0.5 μm were discerned at region A when magnified at 4000×, oriented at a slight angle counterclockwise to the vertical edge of this print. SEM, 1000× Fig. 1024 High-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... for equipment 1910.95 Hearing protective devices Vapor degreasing Chlorinated hydrocarbon exposure Condenser cooling system and appropriate thermostats 1910.94(d) Minimize dragout Local exhaust ventilation Solvent decomposition products Eliminate hot surfaces above 400 °C (750 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Fig. 2 Microscope systems equipped for photography. (a) Stereomicroscope equipped with an 80- × 105-mm (3 1 4 - × 4 1 4 -in.) camera back mounted on a rigid stand. Courtesy of Nikon, Inc., and Frank Fryer Company. (b) Macroscope mounted on a rigid stand. Courtesy of Wild Heerbrugg...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract Optical metallography, one of the most common materials characterization techniques, uses visible light to magnify structural features of interest. This article discusses the use of optical methods to evaluate micro and macrostructure and relate it to process conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of tests (not comprehensive) Method Principle of operation Application Limitations Advantages Materials Visual VT—direct viewing, borescopes, video, magnifying glass, speckle metrology Visual observation of the test object surface to evaluate dimensions, color, and the presence of surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Noll D.J. , Vanpatten P.G. , Nicholson M.A. , Booksh K. , and Myrick M.L. , Flow-Injection System for The Scanning Tunneling Microscope , Rev. Sci. Instrum. , Vol 66 ( No. 8 ), 1995 , p 4150 – 4156 20. Bierwagen G.P. , Twite R. , Chen G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Fig. 1 Schematic of magnetic pulse welding equipment Fig. 7 Cross section of tubes with coil and core for magnetic impulse welding Fig. 8 Magnetic pulse welding of flat sheets. Source: Ref 34 Fig. 9 Magnified view of an aluminum-to-aluminum weld zone from magnetic...
Book Chapter

By Koji Kato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and disk contact surfaces after 8.0 × 10 4 sliding cycles in water at room temperature. (a) Overview of the smooth wear scar at the spherical pin tip finished by grinding. (b) Magnified view of the smooth wear scar and some needlelike wear particles. (c) Overview of the smooth wear track at the flat disk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of the Engineered Materials Handbook published by ASM International. Mechanical Part Performance Manufacturing Considerations Design-Based Material Selection Conclusions References References 1. Trantina G.G. and Ysseldyke D.A. , An Engineering Design System for Thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005857
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Hard impedance gradient at phase boundary Trend prediction possible Fig. 7 (a) Dilation and (b) mutual inductance ( M ) at 10 kHz during heating and cooling for 1045 steel Fig. 5 Gleeble thermal mechanical testing system Fig. 4 (a) Immersion probe for the immersion test...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Magnet—flat one and a “wand” with an extension. 1. Identifies magnetic materials from nonmagnetic materials2. Can use the wand to retrieve items.3. Can use the wand to collect debris that is magnetic. This will immediately separate your debris into magnetic and nonmagnetic debris. Loop and magnifying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., moderate standard deviations; and C, large standard deviations. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 9 Graphical representation of terms in Eq 21 in useful life. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 6 Reliability calculations for four different arrangements of a three-element system, each element having...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... attachment and film for use in photographing metallographic specimens Equipment and materials for mounting and etching specimens A handheld single-lens reflex 35-mm camera, with macrolenses and film A pocket-size magnifier, and a ruler or scale A hacksaw and blades for cutting specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... the scrap into containers or into automatic scrap-conveying systems below the floor. When the die is in the upper shoe, a mechanically operated pan can be used to catch the slugs on the upstroke. The slugs are then ejected into a container on the downstroke. Each single-station die performs one...