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magnetically soft materials

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the ferromagnetic properties of soft magnetic materials, explaining the effects of impurities, alloying elements, heat treatment, grain size, and grain orientation on soft magnetic materials. It describes the types of soft magnetic materials, which include high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Magnetically soft materials are characterized by their low coercivity, an essential requirement for irons and steels selected for any application involving electromagnetic induction cycling. This article provides information on ferromagnetic material properties and how they are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... microscopy techniques specific to magnetic materials (e.g., domain imaging), with specific examples where possible. It includes metallographic sample preparation procedures, followed by descriptions of microstructures of bulk magnetic materials. Information on magnetically soft materials, permanent magnets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... steels and alloys; thermostat metals; electrical contact materials; and magnetically soft materials. electrical conductivity electrical resistivity aluminum aluminum alloys copper copper alloys electrical heating alloys relay steel thermostat metal electrical contact materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract This article discusses the presses, auxiliary equipment, and dies used in the blanking and piercing of commonly used magnetically soft materials, namely, low-carbon electrical steels and oriented and nonoriented silicon electrical steels. It describes the effect of stock thickness and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... form because of “hot shortness” but are processed effectively by PM methods for use in soft magnetic applications. Powder metallurgy is also used for permanent magnetic materials based on combinations of neodymium, iron, and boron (introduced in 1983) rare-earth cobalt magnets and ferrite magnets. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... , Addison-Wesley , 1972 • Gordon D.I. , Environmental Evaluation of Magnetic Materials , Electro-Technology , Vol 67 ( No. 1 ), Jan 1961 , p 118 – 125 • Hard and Soft Magnetic Materials With Applications Including Superconductivity , Proceedings of a conference on hard and soft...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Magnetically soft materials differ from permanent magnet materials not only in their higher permeabilities, but also, and more significantly, in their much lower resistance to demagnetization. The best magnetically soft materials have H c values of virtually zero. The hysteresis loop of such a material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Hardmetals—Determination of Lead and Calcium Content … … 26482 Hardmetals—Palmqvist Toughness Test … … 28079 Hardmetals—Abrasion Tests for Hardmetals … B611 28080 Table 2 Density letter designators for soft-magnetic powder metallurgy materials (MPIF/ASTM) Designator Minimum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Memorial Institute Fig. 17 Pilot- and production-sized vibratory mills Fig. 18 Sweco vibratory wet grinding mill Abstract Milling of materials, whether hard and brittle or soft and ductile, is of prime interest and of economic importance to the powder metallurgy (PM) industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Magnetic-particle inspection is a method of locating surface and subsurface discontinuities in ferromagnetic materials. This article discusses the applications and advantages and limitations of magnetic-particle inspection. It describes magnetic fields in terms of magnetized ring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... engineering that require the use of materials at very low temperatures. The term cryogenic typically refers to temperatures below 150 K. Service conditions in superconducting magnets that use liquid helium for cooling are in the 1.8 to 10 K range. The mechanical properties of materials are usually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... strength are approximately the same for heat-treated materials. Source: MPIF Standard 35, Materials Standards for PM Structural Parts, 2012 Edition. Table 9 Typical soft magnetic properties and mechanical properties of phosphorus irons Type I powder (0.45% P) Type II powder (0.8% P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Table 1 shows five-types of response to hard tissues, together with soft-tissue responses. Such materials are appropriate for artificial organs or percutaneous devices. These types of tissue responses allow four different ways to attach prostheses to the musculoskeletal system. Table 2 summarizes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... materials available, there were still choices: hard wood versus soft wood, and hard stones and flint, which would sharpen when broken, versus soft stones. While prehistoric man learned only from experience, learning nevertheless took place, and the art of materials selection became a valued skill within the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.9781627081627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... as, a component of optimized, nonstandard design. The performance or functional characteristics of a material are expressed chiefly by physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties. Material properties are the link between the basic structure and composition of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... processes occurring during shock wave loading through the analysis of carefully recovered samples. Characterization and quantification of “soft” recovered samples provides a mechanism to quantify the defect generation and storage mechanisms operative in materials subjected to impulse loading histories ( Ref...