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macroscopic properties

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., dislocation boundaries, and macroscopic properties. It discusses three different microstructural types: cell blocks, TL blocks, and equiaxed subgrains. The article also emphasizes the behavior of metals and single-phase alloys processed under plastic deformation (dislocation slip) conditions. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). For instance, solute diffusion and precipitation in alloys is inherently an atomistic process but can manifest itself via changes in macroscopic properties, for example, yield strength or thermal growth. Hence, in constructing properties models in VAC, modeling tools have been used and linked from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... changes and reproduce most of the solidification microstructure features observed experimentally. cast iron cellular automaton modeling eutectic growth models macroscopic scale mechanical properties microscopic scale microstructure numerical models solidification solid-state transformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... The article reviews the dimensional stability in cast iron and discusses macroscopic and microscopic stresses in cast iron. additive strain decomposition cast iron casting deformation casting geometry dimensional stability internal casting stress macroscopic stress microscopic stress mold...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... structure-property relationships that have been established using optical metallography include: A general increase in yield strength and hardness of a metal with decreasing grain size A general tendency for a decreased ductility with increasing inclusion content Correlations of weld penetration...
Book Chapter

By Bo Hu
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... properties, and dimensional changes of a powder and a component. Particle image analysis can be easily performed with optical macro- and microscopes. A macroscope is used to analyze particle shape and morphologies with typical magnifications from 1 to 10×, while a microscope is used to analyze particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the applications, billet configurations, and metal flow modes of coextrusion. It presents the analytical studies of coextrusion: deformation energy methods, lower-bound (slab) analyses, upper-bound analyses, and finite-element analyses. These studies are used to identify the regime of material properties...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... birefringence haze optical testing optical transmission photoelastic measurements physical properties plastics refractive index surface characteristics yellowness OPTICAL TESTING of plastics includes characterization of materials and analysis of optical components. If a material is tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... is that fiber failure occurs over a range of locations relative to the macroscopic crack plane. The subsequent pullout of broken fibers leads to additional shielding of the crack tip. From a macroscopic viewpoint, the fracture properties of CFCCs differ from those of metals in three important respects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Continuous fiber reinforced ceramic-matrix composites retain many of the characteristics of monolithic advanced ceramics (for example, erosion and corrosion resistance, stiffness, and high-temperature properties) while avoiding the main drawback of monolithic ceramics (that is, brittleness) by exhibiting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the symmetries are anisotropies of the mechanical properties, both elastic and plastic, of the individual crystals. Anisotropy is evident even at the continuum scale in aggregates of crystals having preferred orientations of the crystal lattices, known as crystallographic texture. The behaviors observed during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... and physical properties, phase transformations, and chemical properties. Sente Software Ltd. http://www.sentesoftware.co.uk/jmatpro.aspx OOF OOF Software is designed to help materials scientists calculate macroscopic properties from images of real or simulated microstructures. It reads an image, assigns...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... to determine the cause of cracking or crack growth. This article discusses the macroscopic and microscopic basis of understanding and modeling fracture resistance of metals. It describes the four major types of failure modes in engineering alloys, namely, dimpled rupture, ductile striation formation, cleavage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... overload fracture may be more or less ductile or brittle, depending on notched or precracked properties of the material (see the articles “Overload Failures” and “Mechanisms and Appearances of Ductile and Brittle Fracture in Metals” in this Volume). Macroscopic Appearance of Fatigue Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the process details of metal powder injection molding of microcomponents and the powder particle characteristics of feedstock and property requirements of binders. It reviews important characteristics to be considered in the processing steps: venting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... rule, stating that the strain rate associated with a given stress on the surface is normal to the SCYS at such point. The surfaces plotted in Fig. 2 are equal-dissipation surfaces and have the latter property. Two surfaces are reported for each crystal: one corresponds to n = 70, has very sharp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... behavior of the particular material subject to failure analysis. At least some knowledge of environmental and service conditions is usually necessary. Evaluation of loading conditions, mechanical properties, microstructure, and surface conditions, often in conjunction with fractography, also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion products, deposits, or coatings. Determine mechanical properties and compare with specifications or standards. Perform macroscopic examination to evaluate homogeneity, integrity, and quality. Perform metallographic examination to evaluate microstructural features. Determine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the origin of metallography. It presents information on how to select a section from a specimen and prepare it for macroscopic analysis. The article describes the macroscopic analysis of steel fracture surfaces with emphasis on ductile...