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macroexamination

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... procedures of austenitic manganese steels: sectioning, mounting, and grinding. It provides information on macroexamination and microexamination of a fracture surface, the microstructure and special features of austenitic manganese steels, and the alloying elements used. References References 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of titanium alloys, including unalloyed titanium, alpha alloys, alpha-beta alloys, and beta titanium alloys. The article provides information on the macroexamination and microexamination for these alloys. It concludes with a discussion on the several metallographic techniques developed for specific purposes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... useful levels of electrical and thermal conductivity. This article provides information on the specimen preparation procedures, macroexamination, microexamination, and microstructures of beryllium, copper-beryllium alloys, as well as nickel-beryllium alloys. It also discusses health and safety measures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... properties must be determined from a standard groove weld test. Macrosections are removed to verify root penetration. Figures 3 and 4 show how macroexamination specimens are removed from fillet or partial-penetration welds. Figure 5 illustrates how plug or slot welds are cut through their center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... test. Typical tests for full-penetration groove welds include tension, bend, and impact (Charpy) toughness tests. It is also common to subject weldments to chemical analysis, hardness tests, and macroexaminations of weld cross sections. Figures 2 and 3 indicate the location of tension and bend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Standards , ASTM International Specimen Preparation Macroexamination Microexamination Metallurgy and Microstructures General Examination Fracture-Surface Characteristics Macroetching Sectioning Mounting Grinding Mechanical Polishing Chemical Polishing Electrolytic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... between the matrix and second-phase particles, which are much harder than the matrix, will develop more readily during polishing. Metallography on the Macroscopic Scale Metallurgy on the Microscopic Scale PREPARATION OF SPECIMENS of wrought and cast copper and copper alloys for macroexamination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Molybdenum Tungsten Attack Polishing Vibratory Polishing Sectioning Mounting Grinding Intermediate Polishing Final Polishing Macroexamination Microexamination The following abrasive wheels have been found to be efficient regarding cutting quality, cutting speed, and wheel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of the material, and the type of loading (torsion, shear, bending, and so on) can often be determined from visual analysis. Finally, a careful macroexamination is necessary to characterize the condition of the fracture surface so that the subsequent microexamination strategy can be determined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of Uranium Alloy Metallurgy Structures of Uranium and Uranium Alloys Sample Preparation Macroetching and Macroexamination Microetching and Microexamination Health and Safety Considerations Sectioning Mounting Grinding Polishing Unalloyed Uranium U-0.3Mo U-0.75Ti U-2.0Mo...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... FeCl 3 Mix before use; add HCl last. At ambient temp., immerse a few seconds, rinse in cold water, repeat until desired effect is observed All kinds of Al alloys Ref 7 (a) Always add an acid into water. Applicability of the reagents for macroexaminations Table 7 Applicability...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the following steps in looking for the reason for a failure. Obtain a complete manufacturing history. Obtain a complete service history. Confirm chemical composition by spark testing and analysis. Perform a macroexamination of cracks or fractures. The characteristic types of failure (heat checks...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... PREPARATION OF SPECIMENS of wrought and cast copper and copper alloys for macroexamination and microexamination is subject to the same general rules and recommendations as those that apply to preparation of specimens of other metals. PREPARATION OF LEAD AND LEAD ALLOY SPECIMENS for metallographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Particle Size and Shape Analysis Grinding Polishing Macroexamination Scanning Electron Microscopy Microexamination and Etchants Pressed-and-Sintered Steels Liquid-Phase Sintering Infiltration Tool steels Porous P/M materials Nonferrous P/M Materials Secondary Processes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fatigue, but identifying the exact mechanism by macroexamination alone is not always possible. These cracks do not always have distinct origins; there may be much pitting in the region of crack initiation, and the crack may exhibit branching in this region. Careful correlation of microscopic fracture...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are easily recognized as macroscopically different from corrosion fatigue, but identifying the exact mechanism by macroexamination alone is not always possible. These cracks do not always have distinct origins; there may be much pitting in the region of crack initiation, and the crack may exhibit branching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... for a wide range of wear applications including metalcutting, mining, construction, rock drilling, metal forming, structural and fluid-handling components, and wear parts. Metallographic Considerations Specimen Preparation Macroexamination Microexamination Microstructures of Cemented Carbides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... have to be adopted. The preparation of white cast iron specimens does not have the limitations imposed by the presence of graphite and conventional techniques are used. Sectioning Mounting Grinding Polishing Etching Macroexamination METALLOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES for tool steels, cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... bend tests  Charpy V-notch impact toughness tests  Drop weight notch toughness tests  Fillet weld break, shear, or fracture tests  Stud weld bend or torque tests Metallographic tests  Macroexamination tests  Macroetch tests  Microexamination tests Nondestructive tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and Properties of Steels , Pickering F.B. , Ed., VCH Publishing , 1992 , p 581 – 640 11. Roberts G. , Krauss G. , and Kennedy R. , Tool Steels , 5th ed. , ASM International , 1998 Macroexamination Microexamination Microstructures of Tool Steels Macroetching...