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lubricant viscosity

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... no boundary-lubrication properties, and therefore, their most important property is viscosity. Glasses are essentially Newtonian liquids and, to a first approximation, their viscosity decreases with temperature according to an exponential law: η = A exp ( E / R T ) where A is a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... parts and equipment. The lubricant may contribute to undesirable buildup. Lubricant chemistry differs from the chemistry used in formulating lubricants for steel and refractory metals or high-temperature alloys. Oils or compounded oils of light viscosity are used. Compounding additions of fatty...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... designed for cold extrusion with high rigidity, accurate alignment, and long working strokes are described. The article details the factors that are critical in cold extrusion: punch design, die design, and tool design. It summarizes the role of lubricants during extrusion of steel, such as soap lubricant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... equipment. After the blended polymer is heated, lubricants lower the viscosity of the melt, which lowers the energy required for production and decreases wear on the equipment. (Although most thermoplastics are molded in the liquid state, they still have very high melt viscosities.) Other lubricants reduce...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Apparently, the lubricating effectiveness of the oil over a wide range of viscosities has little influence on the wear peak established by particle size. Fig. 3 Effect of dust particle size on the wear of engine piston rings lubricated by oils of three different viscosities Hardness of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... possible to their final shape. The article also provides useful information on drying methods, shrinkage, and defects as well as the removal of organic processing aids such as dispersants, binders, plasticizers, and lubricants. ceramic forming process drying green machining organics removal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Viscosity (200 to 1000 SUS) is influenced by base oil or wax, degree of chlorination, and additions of mineral oil. (k) Solid lubricant applied from dispersions in oil, solvent or water. (l) For hot forming applications only Stainless steels are press formed with the same kind of equipment as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... copper alloys, magnesium alloys, and titanium alloys. It provides forging process variables such as stock preparation, heating and cooling of forgings, die lubrication, trimming, and cleaning of these metals and alloys. The article explains the effect of temperature, deformation rate, and die temperature...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... considerations include the usage of furnaces and launder system, scrap return, inclusions in zinc alloys, fluxing of zinc alloys, and galvanizing fluxes. The article discusses the materials and lubricant selection, casting and die temperature control, and trimming process used in hot chamber die casting for zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability) of the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of intricate detail, the type and amount of lubricant are less critical. A mixture of 50% oleum spirits and 50% medium-viscosity machine oil has been successful for prevention of galling and seizing for a large variety of coining operations. When coining involves maximum metal movement and high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Typical lubricants used in the forming of aluminum alloys, listed in approximate order of increasing effectiveness Kerosene Mineral oil (viscosity, 40 to 300 SUS at 100 °F) Petroleum jelly Mineral oil plus 10 to 20% fatty oil Tallow plus 50% paraffin Tallow plus 70% paraffin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the heated forging in molten glass or by sprinkling the forging with glass frit. Glass is an excellent lubricant, but its viscosity must be compatible with the forging temperature used. Therefore, when different forging temperatures are used, a variety of glass compositions must be stocked. Another...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... presents an overview of the processes, equipment, dies and die materials, and lubrication associated with drawing of rod, wire, bar, and tube. The article also provides a discussion on the design considerations and manufacturing of commercial superconducting multifilamentary conductors. bar drawing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... affecting forgeability. It describes the forging techniques, equipment, and common processing elements associated with titanium alloy forging. The processing elements include the preparation of forging stock, preheating of the stock, die heating, lubrication, forging process, trimming and repair, cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) STA solution-treated and aged std standard STEM scanning transmission electron microscope/microscopy STLE Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (formerly ASLE) STM scanning tunneling microscope/microscopy SUS Saybolt Universal Seconds (viscosity) SWE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 16 ). Besides during dry sliding, adhesive wear occurs in applications and contacts operating in the mixed- and boundary-lubrication regimes, due to insufficient lubrication supply, inadequate viscosity, incorrect internal clearances, incorrect installation, or misalignment. Adhesive wear also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... chemical composition of the lubricant, the additives and their concentration in the base oil, and the molecular chain length, density, viscosity, and its dependence on both temperature and pressure should be precisely described. If emulsions are used, the composition, the emulsifier, and the droplet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... furniture, and bearing industries, products are used not only as rust preventives, but as lubricants. In the steel industry, a rust-preventive compound is put on the surface of steel that has been pickled after hot rolling. This compound, which is usually compatible with the cold-rolling oil, sometimes...