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low-stress grinding

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of some machining methods on fatigue strength, and low-stress grinding procedures for steels, nickel-base high-temperature alloys, and titanium alloys. lay direction metal removal operations surface finish surface integrity surface roughness A PART SURFACE has two important aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oil coolant. Table 1 Relative grindability of work materials in wet outside diameter grinding Work material Hardness HRC Relative grindability Water-soluble coolant Oil coolant 512100 bearing steel 60 60–80 500–1000 4340 structural steel 60 50–100 500–700 1020 low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... work material types Work material Relative use Conventional abrasives Superabrasives Powders slurries, and compounds Bonded Coated/ impregnated Plastics Low Low Low None Composites Low High High Low Metals High High High High Steel High High High High...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... resonators, transducers 0.30 mm thick Sand blasting too slow, laser machining too expensive, diamond grinding fractured devices Nearly stress-free parts with tolerance of ±0.025 mm using B 4 C abrasive Piezoelectric annular arrays 25.4 mm diameter × 1.5 mm thick Low-volume runs cannot use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This is again undesirable for enhanced tribological performance. However, control of the residual stress distribution on ground surfaces of steels is possible by ensuring that surface temperatures are kept low during grinding. Figure 11 shows the variation of measured surface residual stress with...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the volume of material removed per unit volume of wheel wear. Severe grinding operations, such as form, thread, and plunge grinding where wheel form is a critical factor, require the use of cutting oils or EP-compounded emulsifiable oils. It should be noted that for the low stress grinding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... properties (e.g., excellent machinability at hardness values that produce superior wear resistance, excellent damping characteristics attributed to the flake graphite morphology as well as a nonlinear stress-strain relationship at low stresses, resistance to galling), physical properties (thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., this process is presently of negligible commercial importance. The chemical vapor deposition processes, by which most optical fibers are formed, and the sol-gel processes were developed primarily as low-energy methods to produce high-silica glass products. Such glasses are characterized by high melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the grinding/polishing surfaces than unmounted specimens. Cold-mounting materials require neither pressure nor external heat and are recommended for mounting specimens that are sensitive to heat and/or pressure. Acrylic resins are a widely used castable resin, due to their low cost and short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., meaning the gloss can be either too high or too low, can result from: Undercure due to insufficient curing time Too-low curing temperature Overheating, causing extreme temperature stress Inclusion of incompatible contaminants, which may result from mixing different batches of powder...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... high-temperature service are rolled in metal as hard as 52 HRC. Some metal products such as gray iron castings and sintered metal pieces cannot be thread rolled because of their low ductility. These materials crumble rather than conform to the contour of the die. All of the commonly used straight and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... radiuses depending upon tool design; observed values; taper 0.001 in. over entire depth, overcut 0.005 in., corner radius 0.015 in.; tools subject to damage by arcing if process malfunctions; no machining stresses introduced; burr free machining Produces taper and overcut (finished cavity minus original...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... fabricability and the usable section size. Their chief advantages are their resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking, atmospheric corrosion, and oxidation, at a relatively low cost. Ferritic stainless steels contain between 11 and 30% Cr, with only small amounts of austenite-forming elements, such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., molybdenum, tungsten, and rhenium. With the exception of two of the platinum-group metals, osmium and iridium, they have the highest melting temperatures and lowest vapor pressures of all metals. The refractory metals are readily degraded by oxidizing environments at moderately low temperatures, a property...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., billiard, and felt, maintains flatness. Final polishing using low-nap cloths for short times introduces very little rounding compared to use of higher nap, softer cloths. The grinding abrasives commonly used in the preparation of metallographic specimens are silicon carbide (SiC), aluminum oxide (Al 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Volume % The best methods for removing heavy scale are mechanical removal techniques such as abrasive blasting or grinding, usually with aluminum oxide or silicon carbide, followed by flash pickling. Abrasive blasting requires a relatively low capital investment compared to pickling, considering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... treating, stabilization treatment, age hardening, stress relieving, and stress equalizing. Discussion of furnaces, fixtures, and atmospheres is included. Nickel alloys used for the heat treatment processes include corrosion-resistant nickel alloys, heat-resistant nickel alloys, nickel-beryllium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Visual examination, using the unaided eye or a low-power optical magnifier, is typically one of the first steps in a failure investigation. This article presents the guidelines for selecting samples for scanning electron microscope examination and optical metallography and for cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract The heat treatment of steel involves a number of processes (such as stress relieving, normalizing, annealing etc) to condition the microstructure and obtain desired properties. This article discusses typical heat treating process control procedures for carbon and low-alloy steels, as...
Book

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.9781627081887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7