1-20 of 444 Search Results for

low-cost tooling

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... design flexibility, the load/unload sequence required for loose pieces slows the process, thus increasing cost. This is only feasible for low-volume production. Similarly, the die casting process can allow the part designer great flexibility in local material properties by the use of cast-in inserts of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... yields durable production steel inserts ( Table 8 ) that are 70% A6 tool steel and tungsten carbide, and 30% copper. The A6 tool steel material provides excellent wear resistance and low distortion, while the tungsten carbide ceramic material provides superior hardness and durability. The copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... plate, sphere, or block, to represent the structure of interest. The attractiveness of this configuration is the relatively low cost and fast preparation time for these types of samples, but it is readily accepted that performance on these types of coupons are not representative of the results that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Tool life is at least 300,000 pieces. These factors help offset the added short-term material cost. Table 6 lists the compositions of powders used for producing low-alloy steels. Both prealloyed powders and admixtures of iron powder and alloying elements such as nickel, molybdenum, and carbon are...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Beryllium possesses an unusual combination of physical and mechanical properties, suiting it for specialized applications where its relatively high cost can be justified. It has very low density, a moderately high melting point, high elastic modulus, and good electrical and thermal...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... or core and describes the problems most frequently encountered in shell-mold casting. The problems include mold cracking, soft molds, low hot tensile strength of molds, peelback, and mold shift. The article concludes with information on examples that provide some relative cost comparisons between...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., improved quality, and reduced costs. Increased productivity can be obtained by increasing cutting speeds and/or feed rates. Increasing the speeds and feeds, however, is limited by the capability of the cutting tool material and machine tool. Speeds and feeds must be kept low enough to provide an acceptable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... caps The electroformed tooling concept offers numerous advantages: Size of the mold is restricted only by size of the electroforming tank Low cost to produce duplicate tools Very smooth and scratch-resistant mold surface Reproducible CTE (13.5 × 10 −6 /K), approximately 40% less...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the characteristics, composition limits, and classification of wrought tool steels, namely high-speed steels, hot-work steels, cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, low-alloy special-purpose steels, mold steels, water-hardening steels, powder metallurgy tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... machining will be more economical. Cost per part extruded usually determines: The degree of automation that can be justified Whether a combination of extruding and machining should be used for low-quantity production Whether it is more economical to extrude parts for which better-than-normal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... cost nearly three times as much as Al 2 O 3 . Improved Al 2 O 3 compositions are also being evaluated to meet this longer life requirement. There is a low-volume segment for pump face seals in chemical, petrochemical, petroleum refining, food pharmaceuticals, pulp and paper, mining, and power...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... prominence. The intent is to provide not only products and systems that garner high customer satisfaction but also increase productivity, reduce costs, and meet delivery requirements. In general, high quality refers to products and systems manufactured to higher standards, in response to higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... success when replacing nonplated UNS 52100 martensitic steel bearings to improve wear resistance. However, once that bearing moved into aerospace applications as a low-cost replacement for American Iron and Steel Institute 440C stainless steel, the primary design requirement changed to fatigue life, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... radiation and has both wavelike and particle-like properties, which affect its interaction with matter. The molecules of matter have energy levels that are electronic, vibrational, or rotational. Each electronic state has a low-energy ground state and higher-energy excited states that are subdivided into...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and outlines the type of costs incurred by the process. It describes the types of machining equipment, including general-purpose machine tools, production machining systems, and computer numerically controlled machining systems. The article lists the common classes of metallic work materials, in order...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... refractory materials are now the norm in most low-pressure applications, and, although initially more expensive, they typically last many weeks instead of days and are thus very cost-effective. An intermediate tube is sometimes used between the furnace fill tube and the lower mold when there may be...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sand mandrels is low cost for small production quantities and excellent dimensional reproducibility. The disadvantage is a high initial tooling cost. Spider/plaster mandrels are often used to provide a high-tolerance mandrel surface, in which a plaster sweep is used over removable or collapsible...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... cycle time. Methods to lower finishing costs are associated with the sound finishing practices necessary to achieve reliable grinding of high-strength parts. Thus, cost-effective finishing of ceramics to achieve low total cost per part appears to be consistent with reliable finishing methods for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., inexpensive, and nontoxic. Second, plasticine deforms under low forces at room temperature, thus considerably simplifying the experimentation and allowing the use of low-cost tooling and equipment. Third, two-color models are feasible for studying internal material flow. Fourth, plasticine exhibits dynamic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... because of its low cost. Epoxy has been used in both aerospace and consumer products and has been demonstrated to provide high physical properties, but at a premium price. Vinyl ester resin has also been used in a number of RTM products and provides properties between those of polyester and epoxy at a...