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low-carbon electrical steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of low-carbon steels and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the following: the intergranular fracture, bending impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... categories are: Low-carbon enameling steels (enameling iron replacements) Decarburized steels Interstitial free steels Titanium-stabilized steels Common cold-rolled steels Common hot-rolled steels Within each of these categories are products differing in chemical composition and/or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... wear, lubrication and lubricated wear, and selection of steels for wear resistance. The article discusses the effect of alloying elements, composition, and mechanical properties of carbon and low-alloy steels at elevated temperatures. It talks about the fatigue resistance characteristics of steels, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... structural steels capable of a minimum yield strength of 1380 MPa (200 ksi). These include medium-carbon low-alloy steels, such as 4340, 300M, D-6a and D-6ac steels; medium-alloy air-hardening steels, such as HI1 modified steel and H13 steel; high fracture toughness steels, such as HP-9-4-30, AF1410, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel in common use are made mostly in electric or basic oxygen furnaces. Continuous casting and/or vacuum degassing (V-D) may be employed. Flat-rolled silicon-iron sheet and strip has low sulfur content, typically below 0.25%, with better grades below 0.01%. Carbon contents are frequently less than...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... an integral cladding on plain carbon or low-alloy steels, as well as some nonferrous metals and alloys. Stainless steels are used in a wide variety of applications. Most of the structural applications occur in the chemical and power engineering industries, which account for more than a third of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... production energy conversion system LOW-ALLOY STEELS comprise a category of ferrous materials that exhibit mechanical properties superior to those of ordinary carbon steels as the result of additions of such alloying elements as chromium, nickel, and molybdenum. Total alloy content of low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-efficiency motors and transformers are produced from these iron-silicon electrical steels (aluminum can also substitute for silicon in them). Over the past 20 years or so, a new breed of very-low-carbon fully ferritic sheet steels has emerged for applications requiring exceptional formability (see Fig...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Table 2 compares carbon steel with copper-bearing steel and proprietary HSLA steels of the ASTM types A 242, A 588, A 514, and A 517 in various rural, industrial, and marine environments. A significant improvement in performance has been achieved by all of the high-strength low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; 1 2 exist in mild atmospheres. Compared with carbon steels, weathering steels show very low n -values—normally, a value less than 1 2 . Equation 1 can be useful in estimating long-term corrosion behavior from as little as 2 years of data ( Ref 18 ), although 3 to 4 years of data...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) … Low-carbon mold steels P2 T51602 0.10 max 0.10–0.40 0.10–0.40 0.75–1.25 0.10–0.50 0.15–0.40 … … … P3 T51603 0.10 max 0.20–0.60 0.40 max 0.40–0.75 1.00–1.50 … … … … P4 T51604 0.12 max 0.20–0.60 0.10–0.40 4.00–5.25 … 0.40–1.00 … … … P5 T51605 0.10 max 0.20...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... loosely and imprecisely classified according to carbon content as low-carbon (up to 0.30% C), medium-carbon (0.30 to 0.60% C), or high-carbon (0.60 to 1.00% C) steels. They may be classified as rimmed, capped, semikilled, or killed, depending on the deoxidation practice used in producing them. Alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... parts with a high concentration of interstitials (carbon and oxygen), low corrosion resistance, and inferior mechanical properties. Sintering at 1120 °C (2050 °F) in DA was the most widely used method for sintering stainless steels in the 1960s and 1970s. Dissociated ammonia is not only less...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... composition , such as carbon, low-alloy, or stainless steels The manufacturing methods , such as open hearth, basic oxygen process, or electric furnace methods The finishing method , such as hot rolling or cold rolling The product form , such as bar, plate, sheet, strip, tubing, or structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... pressure lubrication martensitic stainless steel microstructural damage precipitation-hardening stainless steel stainless steel trimming STAINLESS STEELS, based on forging pressure and load requirements, are more difficult to forge than carbon or low-alloy steels, primarily because of the greater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... steel compositions, carbon and low-alloy forging steels exhibit essentially similar forging characteristics. Most carbon and low-alloy steels are usually considered to have good forgeability, and differences in forging behavior among the various grades of steel are small enough that selection of the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... exhibit many of the same properties of cast carbon and low-alloy steels. Some of the mechanical properties of these grades (for example, hardness and tensile strength) can be altered by a suitable heat treatment. The cast high-alloy grades that contain more than 20 to 30% Cr plus nickel, however, do not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... content is kept low in steels that require high ductility, high toughness, and good weldability but is maintained at higher levels in steels that require high strength, high hardness, fatigue resistance, and wear resistance ( Ref 8 ). Figure 1 shows the iron-carbon phase diagram and the changes that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... restoration of the passive film, then stainless steel will corrode much like a carbon or low-alloy steel. The presence of oxygen is essential to the corrosion resistance of a stainless steel. The corrosion resistance of stainless steel is at its maximum when the steel is boldly exposed and the surface is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.9781627081610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0