1-20 of 540 Search Results for

longitudinal shear

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 16-ply CFRP plate Fig. 20 Variation of longitudinal modulus ( E L ), transverse modulus ( E T ), and longitudinal shear modulus ( G LT ) with temperature for high-modulus carbon fibers in DX209 epoxy resin. V f = 0.5 Fig. 21 Variation of longitudinal damping (Ψ L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... be accomplished with longitudinal, shear, surface (Rayleigh), or Lamb (plate) waves using a diverse range of transducers. The article discusses the principles of each of these inspection methods. It describes the applications and the basic data formats for single-element transducer-based systems, including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (10 6 psi)  Longitudinal ( E L ) 388 (56.3)  Transverse ( E T ) 7.17 (1.04) Bulk modulus ( K ), GPa (10 6 psi) 7.03 (1.02) Shear modulus, GPa (10 6 psi)  Transverse ( G T ) 2.41 (0.350)  Longitudinal ( G L ) 6.79 (0.985) Poisson's ratio  Longitudinal (ν L ) 0.23...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... longitudinal and transverse shear planes. 5.6× Fig. 279, 280 Power spring made of tempered AISI 1074 strip that fractured during coiling. Note significant surface damage. These defect were probably caused by mechanical action or lubrication breakdown during strip production while the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... alternate plates of ferrite and pearlite; note also the longitudinal deformation of the original equiaxed structure. Nital etch, 312.5× Fig. 123 Tensile-test fracture in a 13-mm (0.505-in.) diam specimen of cast 0.20% C steel with hardness of 255 HB. Note that pronounced 45° shear deformation has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... honeycomb overexpanded in the width (W), or transverse direction. This configuration approaches a rectangular shape, which is preferred when the core needs to be curved or formed around one axis. The OX cell increases shear properties in the W direction and decreases length (L), or longitudinal shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... -in) diam torsion-bar spring of AISI 50B60 steel heat treated to a hardness of 53 HRC. The fatigue crack originated in a very small (0.38 mm, or 0.015 in. long) facet (labeled “Origin of fatigue”) on a longitudinal shear plane and progressed alternately on 45° tension planes and longitudinal shear planes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... observed (for example, Fig. 9 ) because longitudinal planes have the same magnitude of shear stress as transverse planes, and longitudinal planes usually have lower toughness, due to the shape and distribution of inclusions. Fig. 7 Splined shaft of 6118 steel that fractured from a single torsional...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... at the tip of the crack. Fatigue Crack Propagation Initial Propagation The transition from stage I to stage II fatigue fracture is the change of orientation of the main fracture plane. The transition is from one or two shear planes in stage I to many parallel plateaus separated by longitudinal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Longitudinal torsional fractures are sometimes observed (for example, Fig. 9 ) because longitudinal planes have the same magnitude of shear stress as transverse planes, and longitudinal planes usually have lower toughness, due to the shape and distribution of inclusions. Fig. 7 Splined shaft of 6118...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... refer to fiber, matrix, longitudinal, and transverse, respectively. Fig. 10 Damage initiation, propagation, and ultimate failure of biaxially loaded E-glass/epoxy composite tubes. σ 2 t and σ 2 c are axial tension and compression. τ 12 is in-plane shear stress. Fig. 8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... different approximations of the fatigue diagram. The shape of the diagram depends mainly on the material, the geometry of the component, and the type of loading (axial, bending, torsion, and shear). The lines are determined by the ultimate tensile strength, S u , and the alternating fatigue strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: corrosion, fatigue cracks Fig. 2 Sectional views of five types of search units used in ultrasonic inspection. (a) Straight-beam (longitudinal-wave) contact. (b) Angle-beam (shear-wave) contact. (c) Dual-element contact. (d) Delay-tip (stand-off) contact. (e) Immersion The selection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Fig. 2 Sectional views of five types of search units used in ultrasonic inspection. (a) Straight-beam (longitudinal-wave) contact. (b) Angle-beam (shear-wave) contact. (c) Dual-element contact. (d) Delay-tip (stand-off) contact. (e) Immersion The selection of a transducer depends very much...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Material Density, g/cm 3 Longitudinal wave speed, mm/μs Transverse wave speed, mm/μs Acoustic impedance, GPa · μs/mm Shear impedance, GPa · μs/mm Hampden steel 7.86 5.983 3.264 47.03 25.66 Ti-6Al-4V 4.43 6.255 3.151 27.71 13.96 AlN/AlN/Al 3.165 9.50 5.5 30.07 17.41...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... (b) Transverse (shear) waves. (c) Surface waves. (d) For longitudinal waves Z 1 = ρ V 1 . (e) At standard temperature and pressure. (f) At 4 °C (39 °F). (g) At 0 °C (32 °F) Critical angles for immersion and contact testing, and incident angle for 45° shear wave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...: flattening, leveling, slitting, and cut-to-length, normally called final coil processes. Flattening or leveling is used to correct shape in the coiled sheet, strip, or plate. Slitting divides a wide coil longitudinally into narrow coils for desirable width, while cut-to-length is to shear coiled plate, sheet...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 5 … … … 0  Shear 1 3 1 5 … … … 0  Bearing e / D = 1.5 (d) 1 2 1 4 … … … 0  Bearing e / D = 2.0 (d) 2 2 1 5 … … … 0 Total number of tests 42 57 40 139 42 65 39 146 (a) L, longitudinal; LT, long transverse; ST, short transverse. (b...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Fig. 10 Diagram of refraction of a longitudinal-wave ultrasonic beam focused on a water/steel interface at incident angles that produced a shear-wave beam in the steel Fig. 1 Schematic showing elements in the real-time ultrasonic imaging system. Courtesy of Pacific Northwest National...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., compression, shear, and bearing strength tests; the effect of grain orientation is evaluated by testing specimens representative of the longitudinal, long-transverse and short-transverse directions, as required. In addition to room-temperature tests, specimens are tested at −80, 150, and 260 °C (−110, 300...