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longitudinal compression

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and sporting goods. This article describes the damping characteristics of unidirectional composites, when they are subjected to longitudinal shear, longitudinal tension/compression, and transverse tension/compression. It presents equations that govern the overall damping capacity of beams that are cut from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... refer to fiber, matrix, longitudinal, and transverse, respectively. Fig. 10 Damage initiation, propagation, and ultimate failure of biaxially loaded E-glass/epoxy composite tubes. σ 2 t and σ 2 c are axial tension and compression. τ 12 is in-plane shear stress. Fig. 8...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mm ( 1 4 in.). Improved resolution can be obtained by using shear waves, because these have shorter wavelengths than compression waves of the same frequency in the solid. (The velocity of a longitudinal wave in a solid is greater than that of the shear wave of the same frequency.) Large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in.). Improved resolution can be obtained by using shear waves, because these have shorter wavelengths than compression waves of the same frequency in the solid. (The velocity of a longitudinal wave in a solid is greater than that of the shear wave of the same frequency.) Large diameter transducers are chosen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... 1350 … … 3.0 Quartz, natural 2650 5730 … … 15.2 Rubber, vulcanized 1100–1600 2300 … … 2.5–3.7 Tungsten carbide 10000–15000 6660 3980 … 67.0–99.0 Water  Liquid (f) 1000 1490 … … 1.49  Ice (g) 900 3980 1990 … 3.6 (a) Longitudinal (compression) waves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
.... (b) T-L, transverse-longitudinal; L-T, long-transverse; S-L, short-longitudinal; T-S, transverse-short. (c) 2124 is similar to 2024 but with higher-purity base and special processing to improve fracture toughness. (d) K Ic ( J ). Source: Ref 33 Relationship between fatigue limit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (ksi) 1171 (170) 1826 (265) 1723 (250) 1550 (225) Ultimate longitudinal compressive strength, MPa (ksi) 689 (100) 758 (110) 655 (95) 275 (40) Elastic properties (typical) Longitudinal tensile modulus, GPa (10 6 psi) 234 (34) 296 (43) 330 (48) 400 (58) Transverse tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Material Density, g/cm 3 Longitudinal wave speed, mm/μs Transverse wave speed, mm/μs Acoustic impedance, GPa · μs/mm Shear impedance, GPa · μs/mm Hampden steel 7.86 5.983 3.264 47.03 25.66 Ti-6Al-4V 4.43 6.255 3.151 27.71 13.96 AlN/AlN/Al 3.165 9.50 5.5 30.07 17.41...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (such as longitudinal tensile, compressive, and flexural properties) are dominated by fiber properties, whereas the off-axis properties (such as transverse tensile and flexural, in-plane and interlaminar shear) and interlaminar fracture toughness are dominated by matrix and interfacial properties. The sensitivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Fig. 4 Expanded view of incident (input) bar/specimen/transmitted (output) bar region Fig. 1 Schematic of a compression split-Hopkinson pressure bar Fig. 3 Strain-gage data, after signal conditioning and amplification, from a compression split-Hopkinson pressure bar test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (PGA) players prefer the carbon-boron club. Boron has much higher stiffness and fiber diameter than carbon, so it may serve better when used longitudinally. Compression-molded carbon cores serve to increase strength and power, while damping vibration. To combat crushing loads, the manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the transverse stresses. The distribution of the longitudinal stress is shown in Fig. 3(b) . Near the weld, tensile stresses of high magnitude are produced. These taper off quickly and become compressive at a distance equal to several times the width of the weld metal. The stress distribution is characterized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... The distribution of the longitudinal stress is shown in Fig. 3 . Near the weld, tensile stresses of high magnitude are produced. These taper off quickly and become compressive at a distance equal to several times the width of the weld metal. The stress distribution is characterized by two parameters: Curve 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... and the thermal conductivity of the material, leading to higher thermal/cooling stresses in the case of water quenching in comparison to oil. As a consequence, the surface layers of the cylinder are subjected to tensile stresses in longitudinal and tangential directions, whereas compressive stresses arise...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... = 1.1272 Å Fig. 12 Longitudinal residual-stress distribution with and without correction for removal of the carburized case from a 16 mm (⅝ in.) diameter 1070 steel shaft Fig. 13 Rockwell C scale hardness distribution in an induction-hardened 1070 carbon steel shaft with residual-stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... change angle as compared to the configuration prior to welding. In rotational distortion, the parts open as the welding progresses. In longitudinal shrinkage, the parts shrink in the welding direction. Welding-induced buckling is elastic instability caused by compressive residual stress. Longitudinal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... (ksi) 607 (88) 600 (87) 579 (84) Yield strength, MPa (ksi) 579 (84) 579 (84) 565 (82) Compressive yield strength (L), MPa (ksi) 572 (83) 565 (82) 534 (78) Fracture toughness, K Ic (L-T), MPa√m (ksi√in.) 23.1 (21) 23.1 (21) 22 (20) Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), ASTM G47...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... by Surface Grinding Example 4: Longitudinal Residual Stress Distribution in Welded Railroad Rail Example 5: Determination of the Magnitude and Direction of the Maximum Residual Stress Produced by Machining Macroscopic stresses, or macrostresses, which extend over distances that are large relative...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... kg (1 lb) to about 225 kg (500 lb). As shown in Table 1 , test plans for mechanical properties include tension, compression, shear, and bearing strength tests; the effect of grain orientation is evaluated by testing specimens representative of the longitudinal, long-transverse, and short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... for two transducer configurations. TVG, time-varied gain; I/O, input/output. Adapted from Ref 4 Fig. 5 Structure of a piezoelectric-based longitudinal (compression) wave transducer. Courtesy of Iowa State University Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Fig. 6 Examples of commercially...