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load cells

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... determine the susceptibility of alloys to SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, several types of testing are available. This article describes the constant extension testing, constant load testing, constant strain-rate testing for smooth specimens and precracked or notched specimens of SCC. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the first porous material with sufficient mechanical strength to be considered in orthopaedic load-bearing applications ( Ref 10 ). Smith believed this material to be advantageous over nonporous metal alloys because it possessed a stiffness closer to that of bone. This material showed promise, but in...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... extracted cleanly from the die cast machine? The robot gripper is much easier to design if it grabs the biscuit. The gripper may not need to be changed, even if the cell produces different parts. The loading of inserts into an HPDC die can usually be done robotically ( Fig. 10 ). The main benefit is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... nature of these metal surfaces and their propensity for corrosion reactions when combined with similar or different alloys in complex restrictive environments within the human body, and under loading conditions. The article describes factors that influence mechanically assisted crevice corrosion. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... honeycomb parts The basic concept of a sandwich panel is that the facings carry the bending loads and the honeycomb core carries the shear loads. In most cases the facing stresses are uniformly distributed. The honeycomb core offers no resistance to bending. In other words, the bending modulus, E...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications. As an example, common applications for structural clay include facing materials, load-bearing units, pavers, and ceramic tiles. building materials concrete enamels glazes portland cements structural clay products traditional ceramics whiteware The term traditional ceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... levels, resistance heating elements, quenching systems, work load support, pumping systems, and temperature control systems. It describes the classification of instruments used for measuring and recording pressure inside a vacuum processing chamber. Common devices include hydrostatic measuring devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., NASA Marshall Space Flight Center) Fatigue failure of L-shaped electronic flat pack leads due to cyclic, eccentric loading during ultrasonic cleaning. The 0.13-mm (5-mil) thick Alloy 42 (42Ni-58Fe) leads were nickel electroplated, soldered (Cu-Ag alloy) to tungsten, and then gold plated. Fig. 1330...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... functional properties of the joint must be taken into consideration when selecting the appropriate biomaterial. The hip joint has an average load that is three times body weight, and during jumping or other strenuous activity, that load can be up to ten times body weight. In addition, the joint cycles 10 6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... standards for U.S. manufacturers. The reason for the change is that hardness, though based on traceable parameters, has had no absolute numbers. For example, the loads on a tester can be verified with a traceable load cell, but the hardness values themselves are empirical. The result is a value that is not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... feeds the strip into the line. It may consist of payoff reels, a shear, a strip welder, an edge-notcher, a burr masher, a degreasing section, and an accumulator tower. Coils of cold-rolled, fully annealed steel are loaded onto the entry reels and are fed into the continuous line. The head end of a new...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... often omit the 0s. Thus, the previously mentioned slag is generally referred to as 60/20/20. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 5 ESR electrode with stinger Fig. 3 Basic design of a modern ESR furnace with a fixed mold. 1, ram drive system; 2, electrode ram; 3, XY adjustment; 4, load cell system...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., electrode ram; 6, water jacket with crucible; 7, vacuum suction port; 8, X - Y adjustment; 9, load cell system. Courtesy of ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH The solidification structure of a VAR ingot is a function of the local solidification rate and the temperature gradient at the liquid-solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., and a dead weight or load cell is used to apply a known load to the contact. A tangential force (sometimes referred to as friction force) sensor records the friction between the static and dynamic partners. The static partner can be of any appropriate shape but is usually a flat-ended pin or a ball...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... stability of both load-bearing and non-load-bearing implants. Research has shown that optimal engineered porosity, fabricated by laser-deposition processes such as LENS with pore sizes in the range of 100 to 150 μm, can promote the growth of osteoblast cells within these pores ( Ref 65 ). Figure 3 shows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Wear debris-induced inflammatory responses are proportional to the particle load or dose, which is defined as the concentration of phagocytosable particles per tissue volume (or particles per cell). The dose is determined by both the size and total volume of a given amount of particle debris ( Ref 35...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... torque and axial load cells are located at the top of the load train. The use of many adapters as well as individual load cells for axial load and torque is undesirable, because they increase the overall length of the load train. As the length increases, the stiffness of the torsion machine decreases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... displacement while a load cell records the load needed to effect that displacement. Knowing the geometry of the material sample being tested, one can readily convert displacement to strain, and load to stress. Both quantities are then independent of the geometry of the sample and only a function of the...