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liquid-immersion corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... examples. Fatigue fracture in threaded fasteners and fretting in bolted machine parts are also discussed. The article provides a description of the different types of corrosion, such as atmospheric corrosion and liquid-immersion corrosion, in threaded fasteners. It also provides information on stress...
Book Chapter

By Te-Lin Yau
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... such conditions are commonly found in service. Tests conducted in three locations in a resin flask, as shown in Fig. 3 , can be used to determine the relative susceptibility of a material to localized corrosion at the liquid line and in the vapor phase. Partial-immersion conditions provide a very suitable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the allotropic modification and atmospheric corrosion of pure tin. Corrosion of pure tin due to oxidation reaction, and reaction with the other gases, water, acids, bases, and other liquid media, is discussed. The article provides information on corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and CuF is oxidized to CuF 2 . The bulk liquid phase provides much greater dilution of corrosion products, and oxygen absorption is confined to the liquid-vapor interface, thus limiting CuF 2 in the bulk solution. Preventing SCC requires total immersion and purging vapor spaces with nitrogen. Thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... ( SO 4 2 − ) occurs as a result of the combustion of sulfur-containing coal and liquid hydrocarbon fuels, such as heating oil and diesel fuel. Sulfur combustion products deposit as acid rain, even in nonindustrial areas, because of environmental fallout. In industrial areas, noticeable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Before using any chemicals, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) should be reviewed. Description Formula Hazards Remarks Acetic acid ≤96% CH 3 COOH Corrosive, slightly flammable Liquid: colorless aqueous solution, pungent smell, reacts violently with alkaline solutions; very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) potassium versions of these salts are also commonly used, especially in liquid cleaner formulations. The choice of salts for a given cleaner is based on the metal being cleaned, the cleaning method, performance requirements, and economics. Table 1 shows a few common formulations for specific combinations...
Book Chapter

By Daryl D. Peter
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... carbon steel cast iron dip brazing low-alloy steel molten-salt-bath dip-brazing safety precautions stainless steel DIP BRAZING (DB) is one of the oldest brazing processes. The materials to be joined are immersed in a hot liquid, which is either a molten flux or a molten filler metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., depending on the actual conditions of exposure. In principle, three types of tests can be distinguished: wetting of the surface by condensing media in humid atmospheres (simulated atmospheres), spraying of aggressive media, and immersion into corrosive liquid. All tests can be modified by certain intervals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... It describes a three-electrode approach that compensates for measurement error stemming from nonequilibrium conditions. It also examines electrode materials and behaviors and offers insights on selection and operating conditions. corrosion rate electrode potential liquid junction potential potential...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion protective coatings stress-corrosion cracking Types of Corrosive Environments CORROSION OF METALS is defined as deterioration caused by chemical or electrochemical reaction of the metal with its environment. Usually, the corroding medium is a liquid, but gases and solids can also act...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... processes include many corrosion phenomena that are encountered in the practice of corrosion engineering and corrosion science. The majority of those phenomena deal with either aqueous or gaseous corrosion, although there are concerns about materials for use in molten salt and liquid metal environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., bonding itself to the metal. The reduction of the hexavalent chromium results in the formation of hydrogen ions, raising the acidity level at the metal-liquid interface after precipitation of the chromate gel. It is believed that the gel film is formed with chromic hydroxide, providing an insoluble matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... to prevent water-side corrosion. The PVC sewerage mains are corrosion resistant both internally and externally; therefore, no liquid-applied coatings are required. The same is true of vitrified clay pipe, which was used in the past for sewer piping as well. Interceptor sewers (including larger-diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... fluids at operating temperatures and velocities, will produce results that agree much better with actual plant experience. Because corrosion is often accelerated at metal/ liquid/vapor interfaces, these interfaces should be duplicated in the testing procedure if they are present in the plant or should...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is required. ClO 3 − Zn(ClO 3 ) 2 0.5–1 … … … (a) (a) Continuous Stable in liquid concentrates. Can be used for bath makeup and replenishment. Overcomes the white staining problem. Corrosive nature of chlorate and its reduction products. High concentrations poison the bath. Removal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., but there are no known studies of the effect of molybdenum on corrosion resistance. The molybdenum has always been added to enhance the liquid-phase sintering of the TiC-base compositions. In general, these compositions have been made for their hardness and strength characteristics, with corrosion resistance being...