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liquid-droplet erosion

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Erosion of solid surfaces can be brought about solely by liquids in two ways: from damage induced by formation and subsequent collapse of voids or cavities within the liquid, and from high-velocity impacts between a solid surface and liquid droplets. The former process is called...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Erosion of a solid surface can be brought about by liquid droplet impingement (LDI), which is defined as "progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continued exposure to erosion by liquid droplets." In this article, the emphasis is placed on the damage mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... both impingement variables (velocity, impact angle, droplet size, and physical properties of liquids) and erosion resistance of materials, including the correlation between erosion resistance and mechanical properties and the effects of alloying elements and microstructure. The article also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... erosion. Cavitation is caused by the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles in a liquid near a metal surface. Impingement refers to damage caused by liquid jets, droplets, or solid particles impacting a solid surface. Mechanical damage to metal surfaces removes protective films. These films can be air...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... onto their surface. The typical droplet or jet diameter and the volume of liquid impacting the specimen per unit time should be determined within 10%. Jet diameter usually is assumed to be the same as the nozzle diameter. Other types of liquid impact erosion test devices also are described briefly in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of Tribo-Corrosion Synergy for WC–Co Hardmetals in Low Stress Abrasion , Wear , Vol 256 ( No. 5 ), 2004 , p 500 – 516 10.1016/j.wear.2003.04.001 154. Gerretsen J.H. and Visser A. , Inhibitor Performance under Liquid Droplet Impingement Conditions in CO 2 -Containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. Further discussion can be found in the articles “ Abrasive Wear Failures ,” “ Corrosive Wear Failures ,” and “ Liquid Droplet Impingement Erosion ” in this Volume. There is no universal material suitable for...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... channel gas flow away from critical areas. Erosion can take place in a liquid medium even without the presence of solid abrasive particles in that medium. Liquid droplets impacting a solid surface collision at high speed is the form of liquid erosion called liquid impingement erosion or liquid impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... occurs in aluminum-copper alloys. The article also describes three types of erosion-corrosion: liquid erosion-corrosion, cavitation, and fretting. It concludes with information on the various factors to be considered for material selection, including minimum cost or economic design, minimum corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...; DG, detonation gun. (b) Contains carbon and forms carbide particles that are not granular, as in the case of cermet coatings There are four distinct forms of erosive wear: Dry solid particle erosion Liquid droplet erosion Cavitation erosion Slurry erosion Dry solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Stress Corrosion Threshold Stress Testing , J. Test. Eval. , Vol 6 ( No. 1 ), 1978 , p 40 10.1520/JTE10917J 37. Jonas O. , Steam Generation , Corrosion Tests and Standards—Application and Interpretation , ASTM , 1995 38. Heymann F. , Liquid Impingement Erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... of nonmetallic inclusion formation are generally controlled by species transport in the liquid and at reaction interfaces, such as the slag-metal surface, where droplets of the different liquid phases, solid particles, and gas bubbles interact. The physical entrainment of slag particles into the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... subjected to grinding operations; conveyors of mineral particles; sliding systems with hard particles in between Solid particle/droplet erosion Slurry pipelines; centrifugal pumps for slurry; turbine blades; nozzles for sand blasters Cavitation erosion Turbine blades; centrifugal pumps; ship...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... determine the cause and suggest corrective action. The causes of failures include tube rupture, corrosion or scaling, fatigue, erosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The article also describes the procedures for conducting a failure analysis. boilers corrosion embrittlement erosion failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... , Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Vol 18 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 , p 242 – 256 Erosion can be defined as the removal of surface material by the action of numerous individual impacts of solid or liquid particles. Erosive wear should not be confused with abrasive or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... stress, and stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking. The article considers hydrogen attack, corrosion fatigue, and liquid metal embrittlement and the methods of combating them. It explains the causes of velocity-accelerated corrosion and erosion-corrosion. The article summarizes some corrective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... environments. These specific environments include anhydrous methanol, nitrogen tetroxide (N 2 O 4 ), red-fuming nitric acid, liquid or solid cadmium, or liquid mercury. The second class of titanium alloys, including the aerospace titanium alloys, has been found to be susceptible to several additional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... feedwater heaters, the steam is desuperheated and the impurities redistribute between moisture droplets and liquid film on tube surfaces and the steam. Similarly as in the turbine, the liquid phase will have higher concentrations of low-volatility impurities, such as salts, and lower pH, because ammonia...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... likely provide superior protection. Dry-resin polymers can be applied (by fusion bonding) to iron castings for many of the same applications for which liquid organic coatings are used. Generally, the fused coatings are thick and can be applied very rapidly—often in minutes; in contrast, several...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... they would have to be for plating. When large parts or bulky vessels are to be cleaned, it may be necessary to apply cleaning liquids by means of pressure spray; exterior surfaces may be cleaned by immersion or swabbing. After cleaning, the workpiece can be immersed in the passivating acid bath...