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liquid steel analytical techniques

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and cold-rolled products, and briefly explains the analytical techniques for liquid steels. continuous casting hot rolling ingot casting ironmaking practices liquid steel analytical techniques secondary steelmaking practices special-quality steels specialized processing routes steelmaking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Effective Analytical informed member of the team is by far the bides at the grain boundaries during cooling. Approach most effective approach to solving problems. In addition, stainless steels that contain se- The key to the successful solution of most Tools for Technique lenium or sulfur to improve...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., which involves volume measurement of a liquid reactant; and a host of separation techniques, which require diverse forms of laboratory manipulation. These latter include procedures necessary for isolating the analyte species before application of the former two techniques, although many of them find...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The choice of appropriate analytical techniques is determined by the specific chemical information required, the condition of the sample, and any limitations imposed by interested parties. This article discusses some of the commonly used quantitative chemical analysis techniques for metals. The discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of a solid by means of electrolysis, was first described in 1864 by Wolcott Gibbs ( Ref 7 ). In this technique, an electroactive analyte is deposited on the surface of the working electrode in a coulometric cell. The working electrode is first weighed. Then, a controlled potential is applied to change...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., which is housed in an oven to provide a stable temperature. Columns are designed for high pressure and to resist chemical attack by the mobile phase within specified pH ranges. Stainless steel is the most common column material. For analytical applications, commercially available packed columns have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... for microstructural analysis of metals, such as scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and transmission electron microscopy, are then reviewed. The article contains tables listing analytical methods used for characterization of metals and alloys and surface analysis techniques. It ends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... development of the ICP-OES technique resulted in the expansion of what is now considered an operational, high-performance analytical tool ( Ref 8 ). Although multiple excitation sources (such as combustion flame or electrical arc) were used in past decades, the ICP technique is the most recent technology used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... or working curve. absorbance (A). The logarithm to the base 10 dc intermittent noncapacitive arc. of the reciprocal of the transmittance. The analytical electron microscopy (AEM). The preferred term for photography is optical activation analysis. A method of chemical technique of materials analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., real time in situ experiments generally require controlled laboratory conditions. Several articles in the Section “Corrosion Testing and Evaluation” address controlled laboratory testing. Alternatively, one can use ex situ analytical techniques that are capable of analyzing surfaces before...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... is one of the fastest growing techniques in analytical chemistry. It enables the user to perform rapid, efficient separations of complex mixtures of organic, inorganic, pharmaceutical, and biochemical compounds. Today, there are several modes of LC (bonded-phase, liquid-liquid partition, liquid-solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... highlight the typical data sets and strengths of each technique. Auger electron spectroscopy surface analysis time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy MANY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES are available for the study and characterization of surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy MANY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES are available for the study and characterization of surfaces. These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Fusion welding processes involve four phase changes, namely, solid-solid state, solid-liquid, liquid-vapor, and vapor-plasma. Each has its own thermal, momentum, and stress history. This article discusses some important techniques to validate temperature, momentum, stress, and residual...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the transition involved, and analytical methods based on absorption should be less subject to some types of interferences, making these techniques more rugged. The technique remained largely a laboratory curiosity for a few more years until instrument companies began to manufacture first-generation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... Figure 1 is a chart that can be used as a starting point in the selection of the proper analytical tool for particulate materials. Surface analysis, microanalysis, and bulk analysis each use specific techniques, and it is important to understand their capabilities and limitations. Fig. 1 Material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Ion chromatography (IC) is an analytical technique that uses columns packed with ion exchange resins to separate ions in aqueous solutions and dynamically elute them to a detector. This article provides information on the different modes of detection, namely, eluent-suppressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., the impurities are precipitated (as compounds). Maximum purity in these metals, however, is obtained by zone refining following fractional crystallization. Zone Refining Zone refining, also a liquid-phase technique, is probably the most widely used of all preparation methods. The classic zone refining...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... on the intensity of the color of the analyte-complex and therefore on the sensitivity (and detection limits) of the analysis. The molar absorptivity of the analyte-complex is a useful index of the potential sensitivity of a particular technique. Although some ions, such as the cupric and ferric ions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... both the benefits and drawbacks of each class. These classes include criteria functions, analytical models, continuum models, and kinetic models. The article also tabulates the criteria functions for porosity prediction. mechanical properties porosity solidification THE SOLIDIFICATION...