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liquid nitrocarburizing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... procedures, as well as the equipment used (salt bath furnaces) and safety precautions to be undertaken during the liquid nitriding process. It describes the different types of liquid nitriding process, namely, liquid pressure nitriding, aerated bath nitriding, and liquid nitrocarburizing. Environmental...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., carbon and hardness gradients, and process procedures of different types of case hardening methods: carburizing (gas, pack, liquid, vacuum, and plasma), nitriding (gas, liquid, plasma), carbonitriding, cyaniding and ferritic nitrocarburizing. An accurate and repeatable method of measuring case depth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Carburizing and Cyaniding of Steels” and “Liquid Nitriding of Steels” in ASM Handbook , Volume 4A. In addition, some variations include carbo-austempering and salt bath nitrocarburizing, as described subsequently. At one time, the use of cyanide-based carburizing salts was once an important procedure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the coefficient of friction with a compound layer Increasing the fatigue strength of the components The methods of introducing atomic nitrogen, or both atomic nitrogen and atomic carbon, into the surface include the following: Gas nitriding and gas nitrocarburizing Liquid nitriding with salt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... by a discussion on physical metallurgy, including crystallographic identity, thermal stability and decomposition, nitrogen and carbon solubility in expanded austenite, and diffusion kinetics of interstitials. It provides a description of low-temperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes for primarily...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article summarizes the terminology for gas reactions, and discusses low-temperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing of stainless steels. It describes the various nitriding processes, namely, high- and low-pressure nitriding, oxynitriding, sulfonitriding, oxysulfonitriding, ferritic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... and nitrocarburizing processes and the equipment required for heat treating tool steels to improve hardness, wear resistance, and thermal fatigue. The various nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes covered are salt bath nitrocarburizing, gas nitriding and nitrocarburizing, and plasma nitriding and nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Nitrocarburizing of Steels” ) Salt (cyanate-cyanide) baths (see “Liquid Nitriding of Steels” ) Plasmas (ionized gases, as, for example, based on N 2 -H 2 gas mixtures) (see “Plasma (Ion) Nitriding and Nitrocarburizing of Steels” ) Powder media (based on CaCN 2 , calcium-cyanamide, which delivers NH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... case than carburizing; gas control critical Liquid (cyaniding) Diffused carbon and nitrogen 760–870 1400–1600 2.5–125 μm (0.1–5 mils) 50–65 (a) Low-carbon steels Good for thin cases on noncritical parts; batch process; salt disposal problems Ferritic nitrocarburizing Diffused carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... and decarburizing atmosphere; nitrocarburizing and nitriding atmosphere; carburizing and carbonitriding atmosphere; and chemical vapor deposition atmosphere. External resistance heating, external combustion heating, internal resistance heating, direct resistance heating, submerged combustion heating, and internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.9781627081658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... deburring may be unnecessary. However, for intricate parts such as those shown in Fig. 1 , separate deburring operations generally are required. The use of liquid deburring methods is not usually suitable, especially if such liquids are corrosive. Thus, acid pickling is not recommended, because acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., and others ( Ref 4 , 5 ). The nitriding process of nitrocarburizing also has been improperly used as reference to the carbonitriding process. Part of this confusion is that the term carbonitriding seems to imply a nitriding process. However, carbonitriding is a modified form of carburizing, while...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Micrograph of nitrocarburized AISI 316 (673 K for 4 h) showing the S-phase layer above the austenitic matrix. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 16 Micrograph of nitrided AISI 316 (773 K for 22 h) showing the S-phase layer above the austenitic matrix with the nitride layer at the top. Source: Ref 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... significantly defines the behavior of the final distortion. With this static influence of the carbon depth profile, and the characteristics of the quenchant and the geometry, especially for liquids such as in oil- or water-based systems, a superposition occurs with the local incident flow. All of these factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... The article also describes the usage of stop-off paints in different heat treating processes, namely, carburizing and carbonitriding, deep carburizing, vacuum carburizing, nitriding and nitrocarburizing, and plasma nitriding. The article concludes by reviewing the application methods of stop-off paints...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Evolution of the experimental and calculated carbon profiles of three samples of the Fe-13Cr-5Co-3Ni-2Mo-0.07C grade, carburized in the same conditions during 23, 53, and 145 min at 955 °C (1750 °F). Source: Ref 19 Gas Nitriding and Nitrocarburizing Nitriding and nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... transfer between the two surfaces or loss from either surface. Compare with abrasive wear. adsorption. The adhesion of the molecules of gases, dissolved substances, or liquids to the Glossary of Terms I 945 surfaces of solids or liquids with which they are in contact. aerated bath nitriding. A type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... for carburizing and carbonitriding and also for nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing. Starting in the 1970s, use of cyanide baths diminished due to operator and environmental concerns. Another type of liquid carburizing bath, however, uses a special grade of carbon, rather than cyanide, as the source of carbon...