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liquid metal pouring

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract High-pressure die casting is a fast method for net shape manufacturing of parts from nonferrous alloys. This article reviews the automation technologies for the different stages or steps of the process. The steps include liquid metal pouring, injection, solidification, die open, part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Hydroperoxides at 160 °C—Part I,” SAE Technical Paper, 1983 25. Ingold K. , Inhibition of the Autoxidation of Organic Substances in the Liquid Phase , Chem. Reviews , Vol 61 , 1961 , p 563 – 589 10.1021/cr60214a002 26. El Naga H.A. and Salem A. , Effect of Worn Metals on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Graphite from Liquid Iron-Carbon-Silicon Melts , Acta Mater. , Vol 107 , 2016 , p 102 – 126 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.01.047 69. Oldfield W. , Geering G.T. , and Tiller W.A. , Solidification of Spheroidal and Flake Graphite Cast Iron , The Solidification of Metals , Publication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... similar discontinuities. It is extensively used for the inspection of wrought and cast products of both ferrous and nonferrous metals, powder metallurgy parts, ceramics, plastics, and glass objects. The liquid penetrant method does not depend on ferromagnetism (as does, for example, magnetic particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article describes high-performance liquid chromatography and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography that are used to separate and quantify the chemical components in any sample that can be dissolved in a liquid. This includes pharmaceutical drugs, medicinal plant extracts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of metal in the tundish is kept constant by regulating the metal pour rate from the ladle. The height of the liquid head in the tundish makes the flow (pour rate) out of the tundish nozzle a fixed rate. For special-quality steels or other melts with stringent surface and cleanliness requirements...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Metal matrix composites (MMCs) can be synthesized by vapor phase, liquid phase, or solid phase processes. This article emphasizes the liquid-phase processing where solid reinforcements are incorporated in the molten metal or alloy melt that is allowed to solidify to form a composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... discusses the various processes involved in melting, holding, and pouring of liquid melt in crucible induction furnaces wherein the holding operation is carried out in channel furnace and pouring operation in pressure-actuated pouring furnaces. The article examines the behavior of furnace refractory lining...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... providing a pool of liquid steel to feed the shrinkage as the ingot solidifies and to provide a region for segregates and nonmetallic inclusions to gather. During ingot solidification, heat flows from the hot top region, or head, in three ways: Up to the atmosphere Down to the ingot Out through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... poured in the mold, the impact of flowing iron on the mold walls may result in dynamic penetration ( Fig. 16 ). Dynamic penetration ceases once the mold is full, but metallostatic penetration, resulting from pressure of the liquid metal on the mold wall, continues until solidification produces a solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
.... , and Flemings M. , Columnar Dendritic Solidification in a Metal-Matrix Composite , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 19 , 1988 , p 709 – 721 10.1007/BF02649285 14. Shelley S. , LeClaire R. , and Nichols J. , Metal-Matrix Composites for Liquid Rocket Engines , JOM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., pressure infiltration casting, liquid metal infiltration, spray deposition, and powder metallurgy methods. It describes the processing of continuous fiber-reinforced aluminum, discontinuously, reinforced titanium, and continuous fiber-reinforced titanium. The article concludes with information on work done...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Aggregate molding, or sand casting, is the gravity pouring of liquid metal into a mold that is made of a mixture molded against a permanent pattern. This article summarizes the most important materials in the process of sand casting of cast iron, including different types of molding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... melts. There are three basic methods of mechanically removing or separating inclusions from molten metal: Sedimentation Flotation Positive filtration The first two processes—sedimentation and flotation—are based on density differences between the liquid and solid phases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... from the fact that rheocasting uses single-shot liquid dosing (i.e., a single shot of liquid metal is poured to produce each casting), and it can be more difficult to maintain the required level of metal cleanliness when pouring a small quantity of metal, as compared with producing larger quantities of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... immediately inverted, and the metal that is still liquid is allowed to run out. The time required for this casting operation is sufficient to freeze a metal shell in the mold, corresponding to the shape of the cavity wall. The thickness of the wall of the casting depends on the time interval between the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... melt. Methods of analysis based on the above principle include the Liquid Metal Cleanliness Analyzer (LiMCA) (ABB Bomem); see Fig. 10 . LiMCA is considered a reliable tool ( Ref 3 ) for online detection of inclusions >15 μm. In this technique ( Ref 1 , 3 ) a small volume of metal is made to pass...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Analytical Solution of the Critical Interface Velocity for the Encapture of Insoluble Particles by a Moving Solid-Liquid Interface , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 29 , 1998 , p 351 – 358 14. Alcan Aluminum Corporation (Duralcan) , U.S. Patent 4,786,467 , 1988 15. Sridharan T...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... cementation Iron  Gold cementation Zinc  Metals from solution Aluminum Nondestructive testing  Magnetic particle inspection Iron Nuclear engineering  Control rods and reflectors Zirconium, beryllium, hafnium, uranium  Filters for liquid sodium-potassium, gas, heavy water Stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... combinations are to be extruded, successful co-reduction of section depends on the metallurgical and thermomechanical compatibility of the various components. When flow stresses are well matched and the operating temperature does not cause the formation of liquid phases, uniform and proportionate coextrusion...