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liquid fluorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article introduces the structure, tribological properties, advantages, and applications of ionic liquids (ILs) as lubricating media. It discusses the mechanisms of IL lubrication for different contacts. The advances in studies focusing on tribological properties of a wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... resistance. Fluoroelastomers (FKM, FFKM) Fluoroelastomers (FKM, FFKM) owe their excellent resistance to heat and oil to the high ratio of fluorine to hydrogen, the strength of the carbon-fluorine bond and the absence of unsaturation. The basic building blocks, in the case of FKM dipolymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... hydrogen fluoride is consumed in the manufacture of fluorine and the production of fluorochemicals that are used to produce lubricants, plastics, and elastomers. Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride is also a catalyst for petroleum and chemical reactions. The Hydrogen Fluoride Industry Practices Institute has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of fluorine in the polymer backbone that would offer protection to the weaker bonds in the polymer. The FEVE resin family consists of several different products that can be used in a wide variety of coating systems. There are solvent-based solution resins, 100%-solid flake resins, water-based emulsions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in applications where exceptionally high performance is needed. There have been a number of fluorine-base polymers available over the years. Several of them have found their way into specialty applications other than coatings. These include chemical process handling systems, containers, computer wire insulation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The chain reaction keeps repeating itself with continuous replenishment of HF. The corrosion occurs both in the liquid phase and in the cooler areas of the vapor space in which the fluoride vapor can condense. Glass is not attacked by fluorine and its compounds in an alkaline environment, nor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... on the sample type (i.e., solid, liquid, or gas), the introduction of the analyte can vary. Driven in large part by materials characterization and interest in the analysis of solid samples, ambient ionization methodology expanded and diversified, with many ionization sources requiring little or no sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and properties of nonpetroleum oils, such as polyglycols, phosphate esters, silicone fluids, dibasic acid esters, and fluorinated polyethers. It discusses the properties of greases, including grease speed limits, grease composition, relubrication intervals, corrosion prevention behavior, and grease compatibility...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glasses. Source: Ref 3 The density of silicate, borate, and germanate glasses is decreased by the partial substitution of fluorine for oxygen, because the fluorine ions increase the free volume of the structure. The density of lead-silicate glasses is increased by the partial substitution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... , 1985 41. Fort W.C. III and Dicks W.R. , Mater. Perform. , Vol 25 ( No. 3 ), 1986 , p 9 42. Millaway E.E. and Covington L.C. , “Resistance of Titanium to Gaseous and Liquid Fluorine,” Titanium Metals Corporation of America , 1959 43. Liening E.L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...” and “Design for Plastics Processing.” Composition: Submolecular Structure Polymers are organic molecules, with the carbon atom playing a critical role in developing their final properties. Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, and chlorine are among the many atoms that are built into polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-A-based epoxy, phosphorus-containing epoxy, fluorinated epoxies, epoxy esters, epoxy phosphate esters, and waterborne epoxy. The principal curatives are amines, amine adducts, cyanoethylated amines, ketimines, polyoxyalkylene amines, cycloaliphatic amines, aromatic amines, polyamides, amido amines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... at ceramic contacts also prevent surface damage by asperity fracture and grain pull-out, which can create abrasive bodies that accelerate wear. The vast majority of tribological interfaces are lubricated using liquids and greases, but solid lubricants are required when the environment and operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... °C (750 °F) Excellent mechanical properties, both at room temperature and elevated temperatures Film- and fiber-forming ability Excellent adhesive properties, both at room temperature and elevated temperature Nonflammability—will not support combustion Fluorine-containing polyimides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Corrosion-prevention measures in the batch systems include: Ensure a residue-free etch as much as possible. Perform a fluoride-substitution treatment by converting the chloride residue into fluoride that is inert to moisture. This step is called the “fluorine/chlorine exchange step.” The step...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...). The column is wound into a coil and housed in a temperature-controlled oven. The column is coated with a stationary phase that is a solid (or a liquid supported on a solid). Chromatography also requires a mobile phase, which can be a liquid or a gas that flows past the stationary phase and carries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... for Evaluating Metals for Oxygen Service” ASTM G94 “Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonmetallic Materials for Oxygen Service” ASTM G63 “MSDS—Acetylene” P-4559 Material Safety Data Sheets Praxair Inc. 39 Old Ridgebury Rd. Danbury, CT 06810-5113 “MSDS—Argon” P-4563 (gas), P-4564 (liquid) “MSDS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... In either case, high oxygen concentrations are introduced into the weld pool by the welding process. At the melting point of iron, the solubility of oxygen in pure liquid iron is approximately 1600 ppm at 100 kPa (1 atm) pressure. During solidification, oxygen solubility decreases to approximately 860...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and building contents including trash, wood, paper, textiles, plastics, chemicals, and flammable liquids and gases. Outdoors, the most common combustibles are dry grass and brush. The best protection against fire is to perform welding and cutting in specially designated areas or enclosures...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to that of a hydrocarbon liquid. Addition of fillers reduces this value slightly. Comparing this expansivity to that of steel (3.5 × 10 −5 /K −1 ), a tenfold difference, the built-in interfacial strains in a bonded rubber-metal or composite structure become apparent. Classification of Elastomers Elastomers, like...