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liquid fluorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... resistance. Fluoroelastomers (FKM, FFKM) Fluoroelastomers (FKM, FFKM) owe their excellent resistance to heat and oil to the high ratio of fluorine to hydrogen, the strength of the carbon-fluorine bond and the absence of unsaturation. The basic building blocks, in the case of FKM dipolymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article introduces the structure, tribological properties, advantages, and applications of ionic liquids (ILs) as lubricating media. It discusses the mechanisms of IL lubrication for different contacts. The advances in studies focusing on tribological properties of a wide range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fluoride is consumed in the manufacture of fluorine and the production of fluorochemicals that are used to produce lubricants, plastics, and elastomers. Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride is also a catalyst for petroleum and chemical reactions. The Hydrogen Fluoride Industry Practices Institute has guidelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of fluoropolymer resins were studied before the FEVE resins were chosen as the most viable candidate. Some of the important criteria were solvent solubility, hydroxyl (–OH) functionality, reasonable glass transition temperature ( T g ) properties, and an adequate presence of fluorine in the polymer backbone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in applications where exceptionally high performance is needed. There have been a number of fluorine-base polymers available over the years. Several of them have found their way into specialty applications other than coatings. These include chemical process handling systems, containers, computer wire insulation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The chain reaction keeps repeating itself with continuous replenishment of HF. The corrosion occurs both in the liquid phase and in the cooler areas of the vapor space in which the fluoride vapor can condense. Glass is not attacked by fluorine and its compounds in an alkaline environment, nor...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... The density of silicate, borate, and germanate glasses is decreased by the partial substitution of fluorine for oxygen, because the fluorine ions increase the free volume of the structure. The density of lead-silicate glasses is increased by the partial substitution of chlorine, bromine, and iodine for oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of nonpetroleum oils, such as polyglycols, phosphate esters, silicone fluids, dibasic acid esters, and fluorinated polyethers. It discusses the properties of greases, including grease speed limits, grease composition, relubrication intervals, corrosion prevention behavior, and grease compatibility. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... on the sample type (i.e., solid, liquid, or gas), the introduction of the analyte can vary. Driven in large part by materials characterization and interest in the analysis of solid samples, ambient ionization methodology expanded and diversified, with many ionization sources requiring little or no sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...” and “Design for Plastics Processing.” Composition: Submolecular Structure Polymers are organic molecules, with the carbon atom playing a critical role in developing their final properties. Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, and chlorine are among the many atoms that are built into polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... epoxy, phosphorus-containing epoxy, fluorinated epoxies, epoxy esters, epoxy phosphate esters, and waterborne epoxy. The principal curatives are amines, amine adducts, cyanoethylated amines, ketimines, polyoxyalkylene amines, cycloaliphatic amines, aromatic amines, polyamides, amido amines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... prevent surface damage by asperity fracture and grain pull-out, which can create abrasive bodies that accelerate wear. The vast majority of tribological interfaces are lubricated using liquids and greases, but solid lubricants are required when the environment and operating conditions do not allow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Fort W.C. III and Dicks W.R. , Mater. Perform. , Vol 25 ( No. 3 ), 1986 , p 9 42. Millaway E.E. and Covington L.C. , “Resistance of Titanium to Gaseous and Liquid Fluorine,” Titanium Metals Corporation of America , 1959 43. Liening E.L. , Report ME...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... °C (750 °F) Excellent mechanical properties, both at room temperature and elevated temperatures Film- and fiber-forming ability Excellent adhesive properties, both at room temperature and elevated temperature Nonflammability—will not support combustion Fluorine-containing polyimides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-prevention measures in the batch systems include: Ensure a residue-free etch as much as possible. Perform a fluoride-substitution treatment by converting the chloride residue into fluoride that is inert to moisture. This step is called the “fluorine/chlorine exchange step.” The step consists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... water-thin liquids to thixotropic gels. Cyanoacrylates cure rapidly and exhibit excellent adhesion to most substrates. Cyanoacrylate adhesives are esters of cyanoacrylic acids. Methyl and ethyl cyanoacrylates are the most common products, although some medical adhesives include side chains as long...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to that of a hydrocarbon liquid. Addition of fillers reduces this value slightly. Comparing this expansivity to that of steel (3.5 × 10 −5 /K −1 ), a tenfold difference, the built-in interfacial strains in a bonded rubber-metal or composite structure become apparent. Classification of Elastomers Elastomers, like...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (SCC) can occur in zirconium alloys exposed to hot >70% HNO 3 . Velocity, aeration, and the presence of impurities such as chlorine and fluorine in the acid all affect corrosion rate. Stainless steels, chromium-containing alloys, aluminum, and—to a lesser degree—titanium and zirconium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., wood, paper, textiles, plastics, chemicals, and flammable liquids and gases. Outdoors, the most common combustibles are dry grass and brush. The best protection against fire is to perform welding and cutting in specially designated areas or enclosures of noncombustible construction that are kept...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... in a fluid. During in vitro hyperthermia measurements they are generally dispersed in a liquid and form a ferrofluid. When a magnetic field is applied to them, magnetic nanoparticles rotate and progressively align with the magnetic field due to the torque generated by the interaction of the magnetic field...