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linear elastic fracture mechanics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of operating stresses. It describes the mechanisms, testing methods, and effecting parameters of two main categories of fracture mechanics: linear-elastic fracture mechanics and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. The article concludes with a discussion on the three major progressive stages of fatigue: crack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fracture mechanics. The fracture mechanics approach is an important part of stress analysis at the tips of sharp cracks or discontinuities. The article reviews fracture mechanics concepts, including linear elastic fracture mechanics, elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, and subcritical fracture mechanics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... of decreasing the number of Al 2 CuMg constituent particles on the toughness of 7050 is shown in the graph. Both notch tensile strength and plane-strain fracture toughness are improved. Source: Ref 30 Abstract This article discusses the concepts underlying linear elastic fracture mechanics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article introduces the concepts of linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM). It reviews the fracture mechanics of ceramics and ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). The article describes some fracture toughness measurement techniques used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Table 2 Examples of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM), and collapse in center-cracked panels Parameter Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Yield strength, N/mm 2 = MPa 380 210 380 E, GPa 69 207 69 σ f (= F 1/ N ), MPa 639 660...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... mechanics analysis linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis stress analysis equations stress analysis THE STRESSES acting on a component may cause unacceptable deformation, cracking, or fracture. By definition, after a stress-related failure has occurred, it is a given that the stresses reached...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... 10 Failure assessment diagram based on the stress intensity ratio ( K r = K / K c ) and stress ratio ( S r = σ/σ fc ) where σ fc is the plastic collapse stress. General regions are shown for linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM). Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...-impact fatigue. It explains the tension strength analysis, such as linear elastic fracture mechanics and R-curve methods, to predict the residual strength of the structures. References 1. Cairns D.S. , “Impact and Post-Impact Response of Graphite/Epoxy and Kevlar/Epoxy Structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of a material to withstand fracture in the presence of cracks. This article focuses on the use of fracture toughness as a parameter for engineering and design purposes. Both linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics concepts are reviewed as they relate to fracture toughness and design process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., Westinghouse Research Laboratory , Pittsburgh , July 1971 35. Marandet B. and Sanz G. , Evaluation of the Toughness of Thick Medium-Strength Steels by Using Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Correlations Between K Ic and Charpy V-Notch , in Flaw Growth and Fracture , STP 631...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.9781627081931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-through-wall cracks and cracks in elbows, tees, and nozzles and flaw-evaluation procedures for piping and pressure vessels. The characterizations for the fracture ratio K r of the FAD are shown in Table 2 for linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... crack” or “small crack” phase) Crack growth rates that can be characterized by either linear elastic fracture mechanics, elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, or fully plastic fracture mechanics Final instability This definition of the stages in the fatigue process is roughly equivalent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... (PSC) growth, and long crack (LC) growth. In the PSC regime, the crack is suitably long to be treated using conventional linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) but is still below the size considered amenable to a definition of the initial crack length for propagation analyses using LEFM. Crack tip...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... failure analysis fatigue fracture fatigue life fracture control concepts fracture mechanics linear-elastic fracture mechanics General Practice in Failure Analysis A FAILURE INVESTIGATION can have various objectives, such as assigning blame for the failure, or pin-pointing a lax supplier...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). This chapter focuses on linear elastic fracture mechanics where the stress field at the crack tip can be described by the stress-intensity factor, K ( Ref 5 ): (Eq 1) K = Y σ π a where Y is a correction factor for the geometry and loading, σ is the applied stress, and a is the crack length...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... During the 1960s, two accelerated testing techniques based on different mechanical approaches emerged. One technique tests and analyzes statically loaded, mechanically precracked test specimens by using linear elastic fracture mechanics concepts. The second technique consists of constant (slow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... propagation (often called the “short crack” or “small crack” phase) Crack propagation that is characterizable by either linear elastic fracture mechanics, elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, or fully plastic fracture mechanics Final instability Each of these phases is an extremely complex process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in a corrosive environment. When the plasticity can be ignored, or in other words, when the plastic zone ahead of the propagating crack is below a certain value and a triaxial or plane strain stress state exists at the crack tip, linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) can be applied to describe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... be ignored, or in other words, when the plastic zone ahead of the propagating crack is below a certain value and a triaxial or plane strain stress state exists at the crack tip, linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) can be applied to describe the relationship between crack length ( a ) and the applied...