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light water reactors

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (FEGSTEM). Source: Ref 72 Fig. 15 Dependence of radiation-induced segregation on homologous temperature and dose rate for austenitic stainless steels. LWR, light water reactor Fig. 17 Variation of the grain-boundary (GB) chromium concentration profile in commercial-purity type 304...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract The components used in light water reactors (LWR) often remain in contact with the primary coolant, whose typical temperatures and pressures are highly aggressive, therefore, initiating corrosion in most of the alloys. This article describes the corrosion behavior of zirconium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews a series of serious corrosion problems that have plagued the light water reactor (LWR) industry. It discusses the complex corrosion mechanisms involved, and the development of practical engineering solutions for their mitigation. The article contains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... a life prediction method with an example of environmental degradation in light-water nuclear reactors. The article concludes with a discussion on the validation of life-prediction algorithms and their applications. References References 1. Uhlig H. , Chemical and Engineering News , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... flux of high-energy neutrons during operation. However, irradiation damage from neutrons is also a factor in commercial light-water reactors, even though neutrons in a light-water reactor are moderated to reduce their energy (most neutrons in the spectrum of these reactors are thermal neutrons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Assisted Cracking in Light Water Reactors,” Annual Report, Oct 1981–Sept 1982, NUREG CR3292, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission , Feb 1983 44. “NRC Position on Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking in BWR Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping,” USNRC Generic Letter 88-01, Jan 25th , 1988...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (PWR) nuclear power station Fig. 14 Summary of irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking (IASCC) in light water reactors and associated metallurgical changes in austenitic stainless steels as a function of neutron irradiation in n/cm 2 ( E ≥1 MeV) or displacements per atom (dpa). EFPY...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.../CR-6389, Feb 1997 (available from U.S. NRC) 24. Shibata K. , Isozaki T. , Ueda S. , Kurihara R. , Onziawa K. , and Kohsaka A. , “Results of Reliability Test Program on Light Water Reactor Piping,” Nucl. Eng. Des. , Vol 153 , 1994 , p 71 – 86 10.1016...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fuel pellets stacked in zirconium alloy cladding tubes. This Section deals with corrosion issues in light water reactors, research on the corrosion mechanisms, and the development and implementation of engineering solutions. The burial of spent fuel that has accumulated over the past decades...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... , “Service Level I, II, and III Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Power Plants,” Regulatory Guide 1.54, Rev. 1, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research , July 2000 2. “Protective Coatings (Paints) for Light Water Nuclear Reactor Containment Facilities,” ANSI N101.2–1972, American National...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Stainless Steel in Oxygenated 290 °C Pure Water under Low Frequency Cyclic Loading,” Corrosion 36 , 1980 , p 638 – 647 34. Gilman J.D. et al. , “Corrosion-Fatigue Crack Growth Rates in Austenitic Stainless Steels in Light Water Reactor Environments,” Int. J. Pres. Ves. Piping 31 , 1988...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Rectangular (C-Core) Transformers Air-Core Transformers for Radio Frequency Instrumentation Transformers Narrow Profile Transformers Special Integrated Magnetic Transformers Most water-cooled transformer and reactor failures occur due to a breakdown in the insulation between windings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to lithium at 1000 °C (1830 °F) for 2 h. Light micrograph. Etched with 25% HF, 12.5 HNO 3 , 12.5% H 2 SO 4 in water. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 16 Iron crystals found in a plugged region of a failed pump channel of a lithium processing test loop. Multifaceted platelike crystals are ∼0.4 mm (0.015...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of 35% HNO 3 and 5% HF in water, followed by a thorough clean-water rinse and air drying. A joint cleaned by degreasing can still be covered by a very light oil film that is approximately the equivalent thickness of the residue left by fingerprints. This can be effectively removed by abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... has excellent resistance to many corrosive media, including superheated water, and it is transparent to thermal energy neutrons. These properties prompted the U.S. Navy to use zirconium in water-cooled nuclear reactors as cladding for uranium fuel. In 1958, zirconium became available for industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-temperature conditions. Hafnium is also an important addition to certain titanium, tungsten, and molybdenum alloys where, along with carbon, it forms second-phase dispersions. The second major use of hafnium is in control rods for nuclear reactors. Hafnium is used in pressurized light water reactors used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... to light, heat, and water can be very significant for many applications. This practice is intended to induce property changes associated with end-use conditions, including the effects of solar radiation (sunlight), moisture, and heat. ASTM D4587, “Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV-Condensation Exposures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... ions. The article provides information on the behavior of beryllium under the combined effects of high-purity water environment, stress and chemical environment, and high-temperature environment. The compositions of the structural grades for intentionally controlled elements and major impurities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... used in chemical equipment for processing of organic and mineral acids, as well as strong alkaline environments. Hafnium, with its high neutron cross section and corrosion resistance similar to zirconium in high-temperature water and steam environments, is used as nuclear reactor control rods and has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...) uses a small pellet of hydrogen fuel that is compressed and heated evenly on all sides by high-energy beams of laser light, electrons, or ions. An excellent review of thermal spray applications in nuclear fusion research is given in Ref 2 . In MCF reactors, components operate under the extreme...