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lead recycling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... on the recycling of nonferrous alloys, namely, aluminum, copper, magnesium, tin, lead, zinc, and titanium, providing details on the sources, consumption and classification of scrap, and the technological trends and developments in recycling. aluminum recycling copper recycling lead recycling magnesium...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article focuses on the recycling of metals including iron and steel, stainless steel, superalloys, nickel, aluminum, copper, precious metals, lead, magnesium, tin, titanium, and zinc. It provides information on the identification and sorting of scrap metals and discusses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., the pelletized dust (which contains lead oxide) has completely replaced the original source of this component, litharge. Pelletized filter dust consisting of CaSO 4 , CaCO 3 , CaF 2 , and NaCl, taken from container glass tanks that produce white flint, has also been recycled into the batch material without...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of scrap streams for aluminum cans and lead batteries are discussed in the article “Recycling” in this Section. This concept has been carried further by manufacturers that offer credits to consumers who voluntarily return expended products. Hewlett Packard, for example, packs a prepaid mailing label...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... a safety risk to scrap-processing workers. The Institute of Scrap and Recycling Industries (ISRI) has prepared a pamphlet that explains the industry position on this important safety issue. Fuel tanks must be removed because they are an explosion hazard. Batteries must be removed to avoid lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the techniques used in recycling of aluminum metal matrix composites (MMCs) such as discontinuous SiC reinforced aluminum MMCs and continuous reinforced aluminum MMCs. It provides a discussion on the properties of recycled aluminum MMCs and disposal of aluminum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... legislation can lead to situations where inappropriate applications are chosen for recycled materials. Selected References Selected References • American Plastics Council Database , Society of the Plastics Industry , Washington, DC • Ehrig R. , Ed., Plastics Recycling , Hanser , 1993...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in with the scrap. Incineration can also be used to remove volatile metals such as lead and zinc. Rotary furnaces are commonly used by scrap processors. Recycling Stainless Steel and Superalloy Scrap Stainless steels are iron-base alloys that contain at least 10% Cr. Other metals are frequently added...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... advantage because the reformulated material has a lower density than the primary material. This means that the use of recycled SMC leads to further weight savings of approximately 8%, while fulfilling the same technical requirements. This example shows that recycling is not only useful for the purpose...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and regulatory environments, and the importance of performance during the duty cycle. energy consumption environmental safety green coatings industrial paints recycling volatile organic compound emission GREEN COATINGS have become an important part of the world's industry and economy. The 2012...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... An example of a typical runner, gate and overflow configuration for faucet fixture casting is shown. Temperature control for die casting is also discussed. The article explains some ejection and post-processing techniques used for the hot chamber die casting: robotics, recycling, and fluxing. hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Aluminum possesses many characteristics that make it highly compatible with recycling. Production of aluminum from scrap has a number of advantages. This article discusses the technology for the recovery, sorting, and remelting of aluminum. It describes the collection and acquisition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... profitability of the processes. Both of the above two cost projections assume a near 100% capacity utilization. As can be seen, there is a limit to how greater recycling economies of scale can lead to lower recyclate costs. While greater plant utilization certainly leads to a lower per unit fixed cost...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is discussed. The article provides information on thixoblending and summarizes results from two independent studies of the mechanical properties of recycled AZ91D. It also describes the factors on which the mechanical properties depend and illustrates microstructures of semisolid thixomolded AZ91D...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metals, and bismuth. The final step is often an electrolytic refining. Purities of greater than or equal to 99.99% are readily obtainable. Secondary Lead The production of lead from recycled scrap has become increasingly important over the years, amounting to more than 60% of domestic (U.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Feed Materials The most abundant feed materials for the tungsten industry are ore concentrates produced from wolframite and scheelite minerals. In addition to the minerals, recycling tungsten- and tungsten-carbide-containing materials and scrap is of significant economic importance. The most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... by the U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in 1999. The poisonous effects of lead have long been well known ( Ref 8 , 9 ). Globally, there are strict health, safety, and increasingly stringent environmental regulations ( Ref 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 ) related to the disposal and recycling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in productivity and profitability. New recycling methods also are under development, since recycled metal and extracted metal have different properties. The aluminum, zinc, lead, copper, and precious metals industries have made great strides in secondary production over the last two decades. All...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., by far the most important as a source of primary lead is galena (PbS). Recycling of scrap lead (from batteries, lead sheet, and cable sheathing) is also a major source, providing more than half of the lead used in the United States. Antimonial lead, soft lead, and lead-calcium alloys are produced from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... the different critical material aspects of additively manufactured medical devices, beginning with the preprinting phase (material consistency and recycling), the printing phase (build orientation), and the postprinting phase (part evaluation, biocompatibility, and sterilization) with supporting materials...