1-20 of 35 Search Results for

lead acid storage batteries

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and lead-base alloys grouped according to nominal chemical composition. The properties of lead that make it useful in a wide variety of applications are also discussed. The largest use of lead is in lead-acid storage batteries. Other applications include ammunition, cable sheathing, cast products such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... is used in the corrosion-resistant equipment necessary for handling many chemicals. Batteries account for the largest use of lead and are the source of most recycled lead. General information on compositions, properties, and applications can be found in the article “Lead and Lead Alloys” in...
Book Chapter

By George B. Rynne
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... hot dipping. Electrodeposited lead has been used for the protection of metals from corrosive liquids such as dilute sulfuric acid; the lining of brine refrigerating tanks, chemical apparatus, and metal gas shells; and barrel plating of nuts and bolts, storage battery parts, and equipment used in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... has relatively high electrical and thermal conductivity as well as a high Curie temperature and good magnetostrictive properties. This leads to use in many electrical and electronic applications. Minor variations of residual elements allow use in other specific applications, such as automotive spark...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... jewelry, (b) hard tin (99.6Sn-0.4Cu) used for collapsible tubes and foils, and (c) tin foil (92Sn-8Zn) used for food packaging. Lead-calcium-tin alloys have been developed for storage-battery grids, largely as replacements for Sb-Pb alloys. The use of ternary lead-base alloys containing up to 1.3% Sn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... most commonly occur. Processes leading to TBC failure include densification of the ceramic top coat with associated channel cracking and near-surface or deep delaminations ( Ref 186 , 187 , 195 , 200 ), delamination within the TGO ( Ref 201 ), and bond coat cavitation ( Ref 202 ). In each case, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... an opportunity for mistakes or misunderstanding of the contract (specification) requirements that may lead to coating failure. Implementation of an in-process shop/field QC program helps to assure that surface preparation and coating application processes meet the minimum requirements of the contract...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... removed include antimony, arsenic, bismuth, copper, iron, lead, phosphorus, sulfur, tin, and zinc. The major and minor impurities removed are also recovered if economically viable. Precious metals present at minute levels in sulfide ores are ultimately recovered to complete the total refining/recovery...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., cesium, and rubidium hydroxides. All the low-melting molten metals attack silver, including mercury, sodium, potassium, lead, tin, bismuth, and indium. The corrosion resistance of silver in various gases is given in Table 6 . Table 6 Corrosion of silver in gases Gas Temperature Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... in Fig. 3 , the alloys with 2 and 4% Sb harden comparatively slowly, and the alloy containing 6% Sb appears to undergo optimum hardening. Because of the detrimental effect of antimony on charge retention, the effort to reduce antimony contents of the positive plates in lead-acid storage batteries...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... recycling, without the need for sorting. Scrap streams have long been established for aluminum beverage cans and lead-acid batteries, for example. Through buy-back programs and networks of recyclers, producers can guarantee a closed-loop system providing a consistent and reliable source of secondary metals...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Analysis of the failure of a metal structure or part usually requires identification of the type of failure. Failure can occur by one or more of several mechanisms, including surface damage (such as corrosion or wear), elastic or plastic distortion, and fracture. This leads to a wide...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... routine quality tests for material acceptance. These tests may also be useful for failure studies and research programs. The most common macrostructural tests include macroetching, sulfur printing, lead exudation, and fracture tests. Although a number of special contact print methods have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by Volta in 1799 was the first electrochemical device, which lead to the production of batteries for reliable production of electrical current. Conversely, electricity can bring about chemical changes in a process known as electrolysis (meaning “electric-splitting”), whereby substances are separated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... greater than tin or lead but appreciably less than aluminum or copper. Pure zinc, however, cannot be used in applications under mechanical stress because of its low creep resistance. It recrystallizes rapidly after deformation at room temperature and thus cannot be work hardened at room temperature. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... recycled plastics start as niche markets that grow as demand increases for the recycled polymer or blend. Price differential or legislation are other driving factors. Generally, price differential is the preferred driver because legislation can lead to situations where inappropriate applications are chosen...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 0.74 1.30 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) 1.5 2.63 Zinc (ingot) 0.46 0.81 Manganese 1.44 2.52 Lead (ingot) 0.38 0.67 Copper (grade A ingot) 1.36 2.38 Magnesium (ingot) 0.29 0.51 Brass (ingot) 1.25 2.18 Mild steel (sheet) 0.27 0.47 Amino resin thermoset 0.85...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... corrosion mechanisms insidious. If undetected, they can lead to catastrophic system failures. Certain environments induce specific corrosion failure modes. Hydrogen damage, liquid- and solid-metal-induced embrittlement, microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), and high-temperature corrosion are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... should be stripped, the substrate reactivated, if necessary, and the part replated. Decorative chromium that has been applied over nickel, the typical undercoating, is readily stripped by immersion in a 1:1 solution of hydrochloric acid. An alternate method involves treating the part anodically in an...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... liquid zinc product separates from the lead in the cooling circuit. A more commercially important method of producing zinc is the electrolytic process. The electrolytic reduction of zinc is begun by dissolving the roasted zinc oxide in sulfuric acid. Following this leaching stage, the purified...