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lateral expansion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... during a thermomechanical process. The article provides information on the thermophysical properties, which include specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density. It concludes with examples that illustrate how the various considerations in testing are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., special-purpose alloys such as nitinol shape memory alloys, low-expansion alloys, electrical-resistance alloys and soft magnetic alloys. Finally, the article focuses on heat treatment modeling for selecting the appropriate heat treatment process. aging annealing corrosion-resistant nickel alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The article describes testing methods such as room and high-temperature strength test methods, proof testing, fracture toughness measurement, and hardness and wear testing. It also explains methods for determining thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and emissivity of ceramics and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... superalloys. It discusses the thermophysical properties for designing or optimizing a metalworking process: specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density. aluminum alloys coefficient of thermal expansion copper alloys density forging mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Sintering provides the interparticle bonding that generates the attractive forces needed to hold together the otherwise loose ceramic powder mass. It also improves hardness, strength, transparency, toughness, electrical conductivity, thermal expansion, magnetic saturation, corrosion...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... disadvantages of green sand molding. The article discusses the primary control parameters for the sand system formulation. It describes two basic types of green sand molds such as flask molds and flaskless molds. The article provides a discussion on molding problems including springback and expansion defects...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... modulus Thermal Coefficient of thermal expansion Thermal conductivity Specific heat Electrical Dielectric constant Dielectric strength Dissipation factor Volume resistivity In-service conditions Service temperature Thermogravimetric analysis (stability temperature...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) 340 (50) 825 (120) 40 (6) 395 (57) 540 (78) Elongation, % 0.58 0.27 1.5 0.60 0.50 Thermal Coefficient of thermal expansion, 10 −5 /K  Axial −0.99 −1.62 … … …  Lateral 16.8 … … … … Thermal conductivity, axial, W/m · K (Btu/ft · h · °F) 104 (60.0) 609 (352...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... mechanisms due to poor feeding until later in the solidification event. Thus, lost foam with the application of pressure, which is easy to apply in the lost foam casting process and difficult in the other conventional casting processes, can completely eliminate hydrogen porosity and can decrease unfed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... can be prepared by using a number of different constituents in different proportions, several broad types of glass and their properties can be defined ( Table 1 ). Table 1 Properties of selected commercial glasses Glass Application Compound, wt% Thermal expansion, ×10 7 /°C Softening...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... that are important to varying degrees are thermal conductivity, specific heat, Young's modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal shock resistance, method of fabrication, and cost. Table 1 lists the properties of selected structural ceramics. Table 2 lists important properties for several...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thermal expansion, 10 −6 · K −1 4.3–5.6 7.2–8.6 8.1 3.0 ∼9 4.8 3.8 Tensile strength, MPa (ksi) 100–800 (c) (14.5–116) (c) 70–1000 (c) (10–145) (c) 700–100 (c) (101.5–145) (c) 250–100 (c) (36–145) (c) >2000 (>290) 3,000–14,000 (435–2030) 13,800 (2,001) Young's modulus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... simple model is used, with the assumptions that the yield strength is equal under tensile and compressive loading and that the Young's modulus is equal for all phases. In addition, the thermal expansion coefficient (α) of the phases is independent of temperature, and the effects of the core temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... insulating. The AFM has become a popular surface profiler for topographic and normal force measurements on the micro- to nanoscale ( Ref 4 , 5 ). The AFMs have been modified to measure both normal and lateral forces and are called lateral force microscopes (LFMs) or friction force microscopes (FFMs...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... durability is paramount. Also, graphite-epoxy tooling is used for highly contoured parts and when a low mismatch in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the mold and part is vital. All three of these tooling techniques are discussed in the section “Tooling” in this article. In selecting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., lateral expansion values, and the energy absorbed values at specific temperatures are some of the different criteria for evaluating impact properties. The impact properties of wrought steels are usually listed for the longitudinal direction; the values shown are higher than those for cast steels of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... features a water-cooling channel in its center. It must also provide good electrical coupling and strength to withstand substantial electromagnetic forces, yet with provision for thermal expansion. Because the magnetic field is transmitted in all directions, special vertical laminations of transformer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the first stress invariant (sum of principal stresses) on the surface of the part. This effect is noticed most readily in gases, where compression of a gas will cause a temperature increase and expansion of a gas will cause a temperature decrease. The same effect is true with solids, except that the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... . Corrosion of reinforcing steel and other embedded metals is the leading cause of deterioration in concrete. When steel corrodes, the resulting rust (iron oxide) occupies a greater volume than the steel does. This expansion creates tensile stresses in the concrete that can eventually cause cracking...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... media for the two methods are prepared quite differently. Chemically bonded media are prepared by coating grains of sand with a binder that is later cured by some type of chemical reaction. In the case of green sand molding, the sand is coated with a clay-water mixture that forms an adhesive bond...