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laser surface hardening

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 4.53 7.8 965 120 IMI 834 Al 5.8, Sn 4, Zr 3.5, Nb 0.7, Mo 0.5, Si 0.35, C 0.06 4.55 … 1067 120 Laser surface hardening of aluminum alloys Table 18 Laser surface hardening of aluminum alloys Material system Outcome Reference Laser heat treatment Al-Li-Cu Improved...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and induced currents produced by various induction coils Abstract Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals and applications of localized heat treating methods: induction hardening and tempering, laser surface transformation hardening, and electron-beam heat treatment. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., nitriding, carbonitriding, and austenitic and ferritic nitrocarburizing, as well as selective-hardening methods, such as laser transformation hardening, electron beam hardening, ion implantation, selective carburizing, and surface hardening with arc lamps. The article also discusses the factors affecting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Laser and electron beam techniques also have been used for hardening selected areas on the surface of pearlitic and ferritic malleable iron castings that are free from decarburization. annealing cast iron decarburization ductile iron flame heating gray iron heat treatment induction heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... engineering processes and characteristics Laser treatment Characteristics Surface heat treatment Solid state heating Material composition is crucial Changes surface mechanical properties via phase transformations Surface melting Surface layer heated to liquid Can result in hardening via phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... 2.3–3.0 0.09–0.12 3 23–26 15–17 3.0–4.0 0.12–0.16 3 22–25 14–16 4.0–5.0 0.16–0.20 3 15–22 10–14 Source: Ref 3 Comparison of laser and electron beam surface hardening of steel Table 2 Comparison of laser and electron beam surface hardening of steel Item Electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and corrosive wear. Surface modification techniques, such as hardening by induction heat treating, weld overlay, thermal spray coating, coating via physical vapor deposition (PVD), and laser surface treatment, are also discussed for improving roll service life. References References 1. Schey J.A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... water (a) and 3% sodium chloride solution (b). Source: Ref 24 Fig. 8 Cross sections of laser heat-treated surfaces in cast irons. (a) Gray iron. (b) Ductile iron. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 9 Microstructures of laser-hardened cast irons. (a) Gray iron. (b) Ductile iron. Source: Ref 13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , Berthe L. , Carboni C. , Fabbro R. , Beranger G. , and Lemaitre C. , Surface Modifications Induced in 316L Steel by Laser Peening and Shot-Peening: Influence on Pitting Corrosion Resistance , Mater. Sci. Eng. A , Vol 280 ( No. 2 ), March 31 , 2000 , p 294 – 302 34...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of residual stress—by inhomogeneous plastic deformations that automatically cause shape changes as well. From the process point of view, thermal surface-hardening techniques such as laser or induction hardening allow a simultaneous achievement of the preferred surface near component properties; however...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings, hot-dip coating processes, electrogalvanizing, electroplating, metal cladding, organic coatings, zinc-rich coatings, porcelain enameling, thermal spraying, hardfacing, vapor-deposited coatings, surface modification, and surface hardening via heat treatment. alloy steel cadmium plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., or leaded tin-bronze bearings) is typically made from 1060 steel, hardened to 58 to 63 HRC. Some metal-to-metal contact occurs with boundary-lubricated bearings, and a steel with high hardness is essential if surface damage is to be limited. For heavily loaded bearings, such as those operating in mining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006576
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... 22 Fig. 15 Shows the variation in mold surface temperature for straight channel core vs. conformally cooled core. Source: Ref 23 Abstract Abstract This article provides a brief overview of additive manufacturing (AM) of tool steels via various AM technologies such as laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Cyaniding Ion Nitriding of Cast Iron Flame Hardening Induction Hardening Laser Heating Cast irons are occasionally nitrided for various applications with the aim of enhancing surface hardness and corrosion resistance of the products. Conventional gas nitriding, employing anhydrous ammonia...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... . The flow chart in Fig. 12 indicates a processing sequence for the coating of titanium alloys. Energy beam surface treatment for materials encompasses a wide range of processes, ranging from laser ablation at very high power densities to the transformation hardening of steels and the annealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... parameters necessary for laser surface processing depend on the type of modification to be done (for example, transformation hardening or surface alloying) and the properties of the material that are being treated (for example, thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and transformation temperatures). Figure 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Handbook (formerly 10th ed., Metals Handbook), ASM International , 1990 , p 793 – 800 20. Ozbaysal K. and Inal O.T. , Surface Hardening of Marage Steels by Ion Nitriding without Reduction in Core Hardness , in Ion Nitriding , ASM International , 1986 , p 97 – 115 21...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.../Hardening Induction Heating/Hardening Laser Heating Immersion Heating Selecting Stress-Relieving Temperatures Weathering Vibration Variation in Cooling Rate Mechanical Restraint in the Mold Surface Peening during Cleaning Subsequent Processing Austenitizing Quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Depth Measurement Using Surface Acoustic Wave Velocity Dispersion , Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation , Springer , 1997 , p 1625 – 1632 105. Schneider D. , Brenner B. , and Schwarz T. , Characterization of Laser Hardened Steels by Laser Induced...