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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes the use of conventional machining techniques, laser cutting and water-jet cutting for producing finished composite parts. It explains two representative polymer-matrix composites--graphite and aramid composites--and discusses the machining and drilling problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ). Brittle materials (such as silicon and its compounds, germanium used in aspheric lenses, and ceramics) and ductile materials (such as aluminum for computer hard disks and copper for laser printer mirrors) are easily machined with these tools. When they are used to finish germanium on an ultraprecision...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... duration ( Ref 11 ). Optimization of welding parameters is important to attain sound welds while preventing unattractive physical activities, such as hole drilling, excessive surface vaporization, and creation of large heat-affected zones ( Ref 11 ). Fig. 10 Laser-material interaction phenomena...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machining, electrical discharge machining, chemical machining, abrasive jet machining, laser beam machining, electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, hydrodynamic machining, thermochemical machining, abrasive flow machining, and electrical discharge wire cutting. abrasive jet machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrochemical machining (ECM), electrodischarge machining (EDM), and laser beam machining. These processes belong to nonabrasive finishing methods where surface generation occurs with an insignificant amount of mechanical interaction between the processing tool and the workpiece surfaces. This article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... density and strength. Finishing methods can be classified as those that use defined cutting edges (turning, milling, and drilling), those that use multipoint or random cutting edges (e.g., grinding wheels, abrasive belts, or abrasive slurries), and those that do not use abrasives (e.g., laser machining...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals and applications of localized heat treating methods: induction hardening and tempering, laser surface transformation hardening, and electron-beam heat treatment. The article provides information about equipment and describes the selection of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the principles of operation, equipment needed, applications, and advantages and disadvantages of various fusion welding processes, namely, oxyfuel gas welding, electron beam welding, stud welding, laser beam welding, percussion welding, high-frequency welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of powdered flux or powdered metal injected into the gas flame in the flux-injection method of oxyfuel gas cutting of stainless steel. INDUSTRIAL LASERS are being used increasingly in material processing applications including drilling, heat treating, cladding, surfacing, and marking/etching...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electrolytic machining (STEM) Thermal Electrical discharge machining (EDM) Electrical discharge wire cutting (EDWC) Electrical discharge grinding (EDG) Electron beam machining (EBM) Laser beam machining (LBM) Thermal energy method (TEM) Chemical Chemical milling (CM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., drilling, electrodischarge machining, and laser beam machining. Most of these metallurgical characteristics can be qualitatively assessed through a wide variety of observation techniques, such as metallography, scanning electron microscopy, and chemical etching. New techniques have also been developed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finished bearings or a transmission, respectively. Computer parts such as microchips or magnetic heads may be ground, lapped, or polished before they are sent to assembly operations. Jet engine blades may have coolant holes drilled using electrical discharge machining or laser machining prior to their use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electrical discharge machining, electrochemical machining, or laser beam machining. Fig. 5 Surface roughness produced by common production methods. The ranges shown are typical of the processes listed. Higher or lower values can be obtained under special conditions. Source: Ref 1 Surface...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... investigations are required to fully realize the potential for using FSW processing for casting repairs. These studies also include some work regarding the repair of aluminum die castings using the FSW and laser beam welding (LBW) processes. Shrinkage porosity, cracking, and dimensional distortion issues that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Double drilled or irregular holes X … … X … Disbonds, low core … X … … … Void or gap, chemical milled land … X … … … Void or gap, doublers … X … … … Missing fillets … X … … … Void, closure-to-core … X … … … High-density inclusions (chips, etc.) X X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroless plating electroplating erosion resistance finishing flame hardening fused dry-resin coatings gray iron hardfacing hot dip coating induction hardening iron castings laser surface processing mechanical cleaning non-mechanical cleaning organic coatings pearlitic malleable iron...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... generally accepted as excellent for successful adhesive bonding ( Ref 5 ). In recent years, researchers have found that plasma treatment ( Ref 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ), corona discharge pretreatment ( Ref 13 ), chromic/sulfuric acid etch and gas plasma ( Ref 14 ), laser radiation ( Ref 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... used to achieve aging. Both semiaustenitic and martensitic precipitation-hardenable steels are used for medical applications. They are used for surgical needle applications due to their ability to be formed, shaped, pointed, drilled, and then heat treated. Austenitic grades are not currently being...