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laser cutting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Laser has found its applications in cutting, drilling, and shock-peening operations of manufacturing industry because of its accurate, safe, and rapid cutting property. This article provides an account on the fundamental principles of laser cutting (thermal), drilling, and shock...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract Cutting with lasers is accomplished with carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) lasers. This article provides a description of the process variables and principles of laser cutting. It discusses the three basic types of CO 2 gas lasers, namely, slow...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... arc cutting, and laser cutting. The article concludes with information on the advantages of abrasive waterjet cutting, which is an alternative to laser cutting, gas cutting, and plasma cutting. abrasive waterjet cutting band saws electric arc cutting gas cutting laser cutting mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the use of conventional machining techniques, laser cutting and water-jet cutting for producing finished composite parts. It explains two representative polymer-matrix composites--graphite and aramid composites--and discusses the machining and drilling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., absorptivity, traverse speed, laser welding efficiency, and plasma suppression and shielding gas. The article concludes with a discussion on laser cutting, laser roll welding, and hybrid laser welding. aluminum alloys laser beam welding porosity laser cutting laser roll welding hybrid laser welding...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... lasers. It discusses the operating parameters of concern in percussion drilling and trepanning. The process variables in surface treatment and laser cutting, as well as the operating parameters of concern in laser welding are reviewed. The article also explains the various categories of surface treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract This article focuses on a variety of laser beam machining (LBM) operations of aluminum and its alloys, namely, laser cutting, laser drilling, laser milling, laser turning, laser grooving, laser scribing, laser marking, and laser micromachining. It presents different approaches...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-knife alligator shear (fed from right) Fig. 18 Schematic of laser beam cutting with a gas jet Fig. 17 Components of an oxygen arc electrode Fig. 2 Typical squaring shear Fig. 15 Arc characteristics of PAC torch Fig. 14 Typical PAC torch Fig. 1...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... traditional machining operations, such as turning, drilling, milling, shaping, thread cutting, and grinding, to the microstructure of standard steel grades. It also explains the technologies in non-traditional machining processes, such as abrasive waterjet cutting, electrical chemical grinding, and laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... , June 2009 ( Munich, Germany ) 19. Schwartz M. , “Laser Welding and Cutting,” Welding Research Council Bulletin , No. 167 , New York , Nov 1971 20. Swift-Hook D.T. and Gick A.E.F. , Penetration Welding with Lasers , Weld. J. , Vol 52 ( No. 11 ), 1973 , p 492s...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... the process Fig. 4 Carbide router bit with diamond-shaped chisel cut Fig. 5 Laser-cut 3.2 mm (0.13 in.) titanium-SiC composite in which the titanium matrix material has flowed away from the SiC fibers and formed a recast layer at the exit (top) side of the cut Fig. 12 Expansion...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...-strength nickel alloys iron-base alloys laser beam machining machinability machining metal cutting fluids microstructure milling nickel nickel alloys planing reaming sawing shaping tapping threading turning NICKEL-BASE ALLOYS can be machined by techniques used for iron-base alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... at rates of 1–200/s Cutting: Titanium alloys (0.020–0.400 in. thick) CO 2 laser—oxygen assist 100–500 in./min  Cardboard (0.020–0.125 in. thick) CO 2 laser 100–500 in./min  Plastics (0.030–0.125 in. thick) CO 2 laser 100–300 in./min  Scribing: Glass—up to 500 in./min 0.0005 in. slots 10–24 in./min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Francisco, CA ), University of Dayton, p 283 – 292 19. Priore B. , “Fabrication of Polymer Composites Using Laminated Object Manufacturing,” M.S. thesis, University of Dayton , Dec 1996 20. Lightman A. and Han G. , Laser Cutting of Ceramic Composite Layers , Solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... shearing, multiple layers cannot be sheared, because each layer prevents the necessary breakthrough of the preceding workpiece. Rotary shearing, plasma cutting, laser cutting, waterjet cutting, gas cutting, and electric arc cutting are competitive for some operations (see the article “Cutting Operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... composition of the sampled volume ( Fig. 13 ). Fig. 13 Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy spectrum for analysis of the slag remnants remaining after electropolishing a laser-cut Nitinol stent (analyzed area is shown in Fig.b 7 ). The oxygen peak confirmed that slag from laser cutting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in the correct sequence. It is also important that the tolerance for a given angle is not greater than ±3°. However, variations between specified and as-manufactured orientation will always occur. The cutting of plies can be automated to increase efficiency and quality. Techniques include water jets, lasers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... change, surface and volume defects are likely present in a part fabricated by AM. The inevitable internal pores ( Fig. 1 ) are revealed by computed tomography (CT) x-ray scanning on a sample after selective laser melting (SLM). Anisotropic residual stress and shrinkage due to sintering and solidification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of the error in hand layup. However, variations between specified and as-manufactured orientation will always occur. The cutting of plies can be automated to increase efficiency and quality. Techniques include water jets, lasers, reciprocating knife, and die cutting. Using these methods, intricate plies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... integrity while under vacuum, service temperature, and autoclave pressure Compliance of the tool to the design and/or to fabrication specification manual Materials certifications Materials out-time logs Documentation regarding waterjet or laser cutting of support structure Surface control...