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laser beam machining

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machining, electrical discharge machining, chemical machining, abrasive jet machining, laser beam machining, electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, hydrodynamic machining, thermochemical machining, abrasive flow machining, and electrical discharge wire cutting. abrasive jet machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrochemical machining (ECM), electrodischarge machining (EDM), and laser beam machining. These processes belong to nonabrasive finishing methods where surface generation occurs with an insignificant amount of mechanical interaction between the processing tool and the workpiece surfaces. This article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes the use of conventional machining techniques, laser cutting and water-jet cutting for producing finished composite parts. It explains two representative polymer-matrix composites--graphite and aramid composites--and discusses the machining and drilling problems...
Book

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.9781627081887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electrolytic machining (STEM) Thermal Electrical discharge machining (EDM) Electrical discharge wire cutting (EDWC) Electrical discharge grinding (EDG) Electron beam machining (EBM) Laser beam machining (LBM) Thermal energy method (TEM) Chemical Chemical milling (CM...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electrical discharge machining, electrochemical machining, or laser beam machining. Fig. 5 Surface roughness produced by common production methods. The ranges shown are typical of the processes listed. Higher or lower values can be obtained under special conditions. Source: Ref 1 Surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Adapted from Ref 16 . Reprinted with permission from Cambridge University Press The most recently introduced ion source technology relies on lasers to produce high-brightness ion beams from the ionization of “cold atoms.” This technology, shown schematically in Fig. 12 , takes advantage of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... a key factor that provides fairly broad independence regarding part shape and orientation of the part surface relative to the laser beam. The fact that ultrasound is emitted by the part itself, however, has the drawback that too high laser power or energy could cause undesirable damage. Also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... (homodyne or heterodyne or Fabry-Pérot) and optical beam deflection or gas-coupled laser acoustic detection (GCLAD) or knife edge detection ( Ref 20 ). Laser ultrasound instrumentation has been ruggedized, and point displacement detectors now are commercially available and seeing more use particularly for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., plasma arc cutting, oxygen arc cutting, laser beam cutting, and air carbon arc cutting and gouging, describing their process capabilities, equipment used, operating principles and parameters, and factors affecting their efficiency. air carbon arc cutting air carbon arc cutting and gouging bars...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals and applications of localized heat treating methods: induction hardening and tempering, laser surface transformation hardening, and electron-beam heat treatment. The article provides information about equipment and describes the selection of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... well as sprayed and sol-gel coatings and laser and electron-beam treatments. anodizing buffing chemical conversion coatings chemical vapor deposition cleaning diffusion treatment electron beam treatment finishing grease removal ion implantation laser treatment oxidation resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., laser beam machining, and ultrasonic machining are a few of these techniques. The information in this article is largely taken from the following articles in Ceramics and Glasses, Volume 4, Engineered Materials Handbook, ASM International, 1991: A.O. Capp, Jr., Laser Beam Machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Thermal conductivity, W/m, °C 50 In this process, a laser beam is used to selectively fuse incremental layers of powdered materials, such as nylon, elastomer, and metal, into a solid object. Parts are built upon a moveable platform for a surface in a bin of the heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...-intensity beam to a single spot of high energy density ( Ref 13 , 16 ). A laser system consists of three main components: an amplifying medium, a means of exciting the medium to its amplifying state or pump source, and an optical resonator ( Ref 10 ). The active medium is comprised of materials that, when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... method in its various implementations suitable for data digitization, immediate interpretation, automation, rapid scanning, in-line production monitoring, and process control. Some of the coupling requirements can be overcome, in some cases, by using gas/air-coupled, laser, and electromagnetic acoustic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... to the sensor to paint an object with light—structured light cameras, for instance, which may be required for some applications. Laser beams are also an alternative to passive cameras in some special applications, such as triangulation systems for measuring distances or for small-part detection such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... beam linearly across the substrate. Fig. 4 Thermal-laser CVD growth mechanism In photo-laser CVD, the chemical reaction is induced by the action of light, specifically ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which has sufficient photon energy to break the chemical bonds in the reactant molecules. In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... entire thickness (reflection mode sometimes is employed). In operation, ultrasound is introduced to the bottom surface of the sample by a piezoelectric transducer, and the transmitted wave is detected on the top side by a rapidly scanning laser beam. The other two types of microscopes primarily are...