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laser annealing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Laser and electron beam techniques also have been used for hardening selected areas on the surface of pearlitic and ferritic malleable iron castings that are free from decarburization. annealing cast iron decarburization ductile iron flame heating gray iron heat treatment induction heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... testing at different strain levels using electron backscatter diffraction. annealing chemical composition forming heat treatment laser welding mechanical properties microstructure phase transformation quenching resistance spot welding retained austenite transformation steel strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Timeline of laser technology development Table 1 Timeline of laser technology development Year Event 1916 Albert Einstein proposes stimulated emission 1928 Indirect evidence for stimulated emission reported by Rudolf Ladenburg 1940 Light amplification by stimulated emission...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... the slowest of the methods to come on line, but recent results ( Ref 14 ) suggest that in time it may become competitive. Electron-Beam Coevaporation Sputtering Laser Ablation As mentioned earlier, films requiring a post anneal suffer substrate/film interdiffusion, causing degradation at high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... properties of martensitic stainless steels Product form (a) Condition Tensile strength 0.2% yield strength Elongation, % Reduction in area, % Rockwell hardness ASTM specification MPa ksi MPa ksi Type 403 (UNS S40300) B, F Annealed, hot finished 485 70 275 40 20 45...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... components due to harmful reactions of loose powder hidden in blind holes of the build plate blown throughout the furnace during the vacuum evacuation Fig. 2 Illustration of the effect of a stress-relief heat treatment on strain in laser-melted iron parts. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... alloys. The AM processes include binder jetting, ultrasonic additive manufacturing, directed-energy deposition, laser powder-bed fusion, and electron beam powder-bed fusion. The article presents a review of the literature and state of the art for copper alloy AM and features data on AM processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Recommended practices for annealing gray iron castings Table 3 Recommended practices for annealing gray iron castings Type of anneal Purpose Temperature (a) Time Cooling rate (b) °C °F Low-temperature (ferritizing) For conversion of pearlite to ferrite in unalloyed irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... Lambrakos S.G. and Cooper K.P. , A General Algorithm for Inverse Modeling of Layer-by-Layer Deposition Processes , J. Mater. Eng. Perform. , Vol 19 ( No. 3 ), 2010 , p 314 – 324 , 10.1007/s11665-009-9497-4 36. “ Titanium Alloy Laser Deposited Products 6Al-4V Annealed ,” AMS 4999...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., annealing … … Yes Yes Yes Yes Process capabilities of Nd:YAG lasers by power range Table 2 Process capabilities of Nd:YAG lasers by power range <100 W 150–200 W 200–400 W Microwelding, soldering, marking Yes … … Seam welds, spot welds, maximum penetration, mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0009211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... , 2013 , p 968 – 977 10.1007/s11661-012-1444-6 15. “Titanium Alloy Laser Deposited Products 6Al-4V Annealed,” AMS 4999, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 2002 16. Ramosoeu M.K.E. , Booysen G. , Ngonda T.N. , and Chikwanda H.K. , “Mechanical Properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Katayama S. and Matsunawa A. , Proc. Int. Conf. on Advanced Laser Electro-Optics (ICALEO) ( San Francisco ), 1985 13. Brooks J.A. , Yang N.C.Y. , and Krafcik J.S. , On the Origin of Ferrite Morphologies of Primary Ferrite Solidified Stainless Steel Welds , Trends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... (2100 °F), air cooled z 325–355 47–51 600–620 87–90 42–43 IN-718 (N07718) Wrought plate Solution annealed and precipitation hardened Longitudinal 1034 min 150 min 1275 min 185 min 8 min 40 Laser, powder DED, heat treated … 1034 150 1276 185 12 43 Laser, wire DED...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 14. Baeslack W.A. III , Effect of Solute Banding on Transformations in Dissimilar Titanium Alloy Weldments , J. Mat. Sci. Let. , Vol 1 , 1982 , p 229 – 231 10.1007/BF00727841 15. Liu P.S. , Baeslack W.A. III , and Hurley J. , Dissimilar Alloy Laser Welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... years, such as rapid solidification, mechanical alloying, ion implantation, deformation of superplastic alloys, and laser annealing, have introduced new structural morphologies. For example, rapid solidification can result in structures without dendritic or cellular microsegregation. In addition, rapid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... on fully annealed material. Composition affects weld quality. For MIG, a 60Ni-4Fe filler is best. Preheat to 250 °C (480 °F). Interpass 80–100 °C (175–212 °F). (b) Malleable cast iron (ferritic and pearlitic) Use low-hydrogen rods. Can be successfully brazed or soldered Preheat or other procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-welding processes that are used for joining titanium and titanium alloys. The processes include gas-tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas-metal arc welding (GMAW), plasma arc welding (PAW), electron-beam welding (EBW), laser-beam welding (LBW), friction welding (FRW), and resistance welding (RW). The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... successful design strategies employed in joining ODS alloys in consideration with the grain structure. It further provides a brief discussion on different welding processes involved in joining ODS materials, namely, gas-tungsten arc welding, gas-metal arc welding, electron-beam and laser-beam welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... , Laser Drilling in Gas Turbine Blades , Laser Tech. J. , Vol 8 ( No. 3 ), 2011 , p 40 – 43 10.1002/latj.201190024 53. Voisey K.T. and Clyne T.W. , Laser Drilling of Cooling Holes through Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings , Surf. Coat. Technol. , Vol 176 , 2004 , p 296...