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lap shear test

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Microstructural damage due to shearing, blanking, piercing Overheating damage during spring winding Laps and cracks due to shot peening Stress-corrosion cracking due to use of improper die lubricants Grain growth Incomplete phase transformation Quench cracks Decarburization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the shear lips in the cup-and-cone fracture specimens from tensile tests. During tensile loading, the fracture originates near the specimen center, where hydrostatic stresses develop during the onset of necking and where microvoids develop and grow. Multiple cracks join and spread outward along the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... titanium alloys, when exposed to a corrosive environment under stress, is also reviewed. The final section of the article describes and shows fractographs that illustrate the influence of metallurgical discontinuities such as laps, seams, cold shuts, porosity, inclusions, segregation, and unfavorable grain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of flaws encountered in the inspection of steel bars, including porosity, inclusions, scabs, cracks, seams, and laps. Inspection methods, such as magnetic-particle inspection. liquid penetrant inspection, ultrasonic inspection, and electromagnetic inspection, of steel bars are also described. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fracture of metals, including laps, seams, cold shuts, cracks, inclusions, porosity, fatigue, and stress corrosion cracking. failure analysis fractography macroscopic examination microscopic examination stress corrosion cracking surface defects visual examination EXAMINATION of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... indentation, hot tensile (σ f , A f ) Forging Hot shortness, center bursts, triple-point cracks/fracture, grain-boundary cavitation/fracture, shear bands/fracture Wedge forging, side pressing, isothermal tensile or compressive, temperature-cycling tensile Closed-die forging Laps or buckles, die...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Wear is mechanically-induced surface damage that results in the progressive removal of material. Because different types of wear occur in machinery, many different types of wear tests have been developed to evaluate its effects on materials and surface treatments. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.../workpiece interface. Consequently, the flow stress of the metal near the interface is higher because of the lower temperature. Fig. 14 Barreling in the compression test as a result of friction. (a) Direction of shear stresses. (b) Consequent rise in interface pressure. (c) Inhomogeneity of deformation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract The commonly used nondestructive testing of cast products include liquid penetrant inspection, radiographic inspection, fluoroscopic inspection and automated defect recognition, ultrasonic inspection, eddy current inspection, process-controlled resonant testing (PCRT), leak test, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... , Ref 10 ). Typical results for the effective strain developed in wedge forging are shown in Fig. 3 . Fig. 3 Finite-element-model predictions for the wedge-forging test, assuming a friction shear factor of 0.4. (a) Grid distortions. (b) Strain contours along the symmetry plane. Source: Ref 9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., cobalt Ultrasonic testing (UT) High-frequency vibrations are introduced into sample. Waves are reflected or scattered by discontinuities. In many cases, UT may be used to detect, size, and image flaws. Cracks, laps, thickness/wall thinning, pitting, erosion/corrosion, voids, delamination. Works best...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion cracking in various industrial and chemical environments. It concludes with a discussion on various corrosion testing methods, including aqueous corrosion testing, dynamic corrosion tests, and stress-corrosion testing. aqueous corrosion testing copper copper alloys dynamic corrosion tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... contain laps, seams, a decarburized layer, and so on, which affect fracture initiation. By the same argument, evaluation of material for internal fractures such as central burst must involve test specimens taken from the middle of the workpiece, where, for example, segregation of second phases may have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., alloy development, and inclusion assessment; and process considerations, such as process stages, tool design, and secondary operations; of ferrous alloy powder forging. The mechanical properties of powder forged materials are also reviewed. The article discusses the quality assurance tests for powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... loading modes, cracking mode superposition, and surface area effects. The article describes the fundamentals of CF and SCC, testing methodology, and test findings from laboratory, in vivo, and retrieval studies. cardiovascular surgery corrosion fatigue corrosion fatigue testing dentistry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Large-scale localization manifests itself in deep teeth, surface cracks and laps, and should be eliminated by increasing the temperature or by reducing the processing speed. Rigid zones at billet ends change their location during multipass ECAE, developing specific strain nonuniformity inside a billet...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Also, previous studies have related the material properties of adhesives to joining performance ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). Armstrong ( Ref 3 ), who did an extensive study relating adhesive properties to the lap shear performance of joints, expressed the need for standardized materials and more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... ferrite and pearlite; note also the longitudinal deformation of the original equiaxed structure. Nital etch, 312.5× Fig. 123 Tensile-test fracture in a 13-mm (0.505-in.) diam specimen of cast 0.20% C steel with hardness of 255 HB. Note that pronounced 45° shear deformation has produced shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... qualification tests are critical to assure optimal performance of the flow-formed tubular component. The article discusses the most commonly required process control parameters and the effects of forming speed and temperature in the flow forming process. flow forming flow-formed materials flow-formed...