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laminate properties

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in.) Elastic properties of laminates Table 2 Elastic properties of laminates E x E y ν xy G xy GPa 10 6 psi GPa 10 6 psi [0°/90°] s 92.46 13.41 0.038 4.5 0.65 [±45°] s 16.4 2.38 0.829 44.5 6.46 [0°/90°/+45°/–45°/90°/0°] s 75.64 10.97 0.213 17.9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Selected standards for lamina and laminate mechanical testing Table 1 Selected standards for lamina and laminate mechanical testing Designation Title ASTM standards (a) C 393 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Sandwich Constructions D 638 Standard Test Method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... distortion or out-of-plane bending occurs. Less-symmetric laminates are useful for special applications. N , normal stress; M , bending moment. Source; Ref 21 Fig. 11 Symmetric laminate properties for carbon-fiber ( V F = 65%)/epoxy-resin composites with variable percentages of plies at 0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., interface and operating systems, and technical support. Databases User Interface and Operating Systems Support Early programs for composite analysis tended to perform only one or a select few functions. Using ply properties from a micromechanics calculation in a laminate analysis, or laminate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... quasi-isotropic laminate and are dependent on fiber orientation. Properties of carbon fiber Table 2 Properties of carbon fiber Direction Modulus Ultimate unidirectional strength Coefficient of thermal expansion Tensile Compressive GPa 10 6 MPa ksi MPa ksi 10 –6 /K 10 –6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... use macromechanics (addressed in the article “Macromechanics Analysis of Laminate Properties” ). As composite analysis continues to expand, refinements in micromechanics and fracture mechanics will enable the full capability of composites to be modeled and exploited. Macromechanics uses the ply...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... properties for general-purpose orthophthalic laminating resins Table 2 Representative open-molded laminate mechanical properties for general-purpose orthophthalic laminating resins Spray roving Chopped strand mat Chopped strand mat Chopped strand mat Chopped strand mat/woven roving Test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and the assumption of a uniaxial load case, laminate data can be represented by carpet plots , which are maps of a laminate property versus the percentage of one of the lamina orientations. Figures 2 , 3 , and 4 show the axial stiffness, axial strength, and Poisson's ratio for a 0°, 45°, and 90° laminate family...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Effect of test method on fiber properties Table 2 Effect of test method on fiber properties Test Nominal tensile strength AS4 IM6 IM7 MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi Filament 4100 595 4950 715 5400 780 Tow 4000 580 5050 730 5450 790 Laminate 3850 555 4300...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... GLARE-3 6.4 7.4 18.3 Carbon/PEI 2.5 4.7 4.3 Aramid/PEI 2.8 6.4 6.3 Note: Clamped plate, diameter 80 mm (3.15 in.). Impactor R = 7.5 mm (0.3 in.). Sheet thickness t = 1.4 mm (0.055 in.). Typical mechanical properties of fiber-metal laminates Table 3 Typical mechanical...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...–1.35 0.0415–0.0488 Fiberglass 2.46–2.55 0.0900–0.0921 Aramid 1.44 0.0520 Carbon (graphite) 1.80 0.0650 Stiffness Stiffness is presented with values that can be very deceiving when designing with composite materials. Once again, resin will not greatly impact laminate property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... quasi-isotropic laminates, where E 1 , E 2 , G 12 , G 13 , G 23 , and ν 12 are effective laminate properties. Because of this reduction in buckling load, it is important to use a finite element formulation that allows for shear deformation. These are sometimes referred to as thick-plate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., including pack rolling. It describes a patented roll welding process for fabrication of heat exchangers. The article presents a table showing the typical properties of common roll welded clad laminates. The relative weldability of selected dissimilar metals and alloys roll welded into clad-laminate form...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 5250-4 reinforced with IM-7 was used in all tests. Postcure not required for service below 150 °C (300 °F) Properties of BMI (Compimide 1206) printed circuit laminates Table 1 Properties of BMI (Compimide 1206) printed circuit laminates Property Value Dielectric constant at 1 MHz...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... , 12 ). Generally, the room-temperature cure of polyester and epoxy vinyl-ester resin laminates is more than sufficient to provide the required corrosion resistance and physical properties for most environments. However, for maximum corrosion resistance and service life in caustic, sodium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... systems with both good mechanical properties and low viscosity in order to facilitate not only processing, but also low shrinkage for a good surface quality. In addition, these systems need to have well-controlled cure behavior to prevent a detrimental temperature peak in thick laminates and, at the same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Hypervelocity missile 1 Graphite Source: Ref 3 Properties of a carbon/cyanate ester unidirectional laminate Table 1 Properties of a carbon/cyanate ester unidirectional laminate Property UHMS M55J M60J XN70 Design strength (typical) Ultimate longitudinal tensile strength, MPa...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... methods of glass products, including forming, grinding and polishing, and explores the advantages, disadvantages and steps involved in sol-gel process. It also discusses the types, processes and properties of annealed, laminated, and tempered glass, and presents the steps involved in glass decoration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... A reliable micromechanical analysis of properties of fibrous composite materials is the crucial first step in subsequent macromechanical analysis and design of structures manufactured from these materials. See the articles “Micromechanics” and “Macromechanics Analysis of Laminate Properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... methods, and composite laminate tests. The effects of interphase and fiber-matrix adhesion on composite mechanical properties, such as composite on-axis properties, composite off-axis properties, and composite fracture properties, are also discussed. fiber-matrix adhesion composite material fiber...