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laboratory photographic documentation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... that are applied to failure analysis, both in the field and in the laboratory. It discusses the processes involved in visual examination, field photographic documentation, and laboratory photographic documentation of failed components. The article describes the operating principles of each part of a professional...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews photographic principles, namely, visual examination, field photographic documentation, and laboratory photographic documentation, as applied to failure analysis and the specific techniques employed in both the field and laboratory. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... photographic principles and techniques as applied to failure analysis, both in the field and in the laboratory. The discussion covers the processes involved in field and laboratory photographic documentations, provides a description of professional digital cameras, and gives information on photographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and so should its surroundings. This photographic documentation not only gives the laboratory analyst a better understanding of the structure and the surroundings but also aids the field analyst in remembering the specifics of the structure and environment. Photographs of larger areas of the structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at the accident scene. Personnel initially present at the accident scene should acquire photographic and/or videotape documentation of the accident scene to capture the scene in several levels of broad and detailed views. These personnel should document the condition of key evidence but not alter/test/disassemble...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Laboratories (UL) standards for products Local and state building codes National electrical codes published by the NFPA National fire codes published by the NFPA American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards Elements of Accident Reconstruction Documentation and Preservation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and there was no significant deviation from the test plan, the failure mode should be distinguishable. Depending on the analytical work requested, a cause might be identified and an approach to mitigate future failures can be presented. However, a test plan often is a dynamic document that must be updated as testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... this evaluation is complete, the fracture should be photographed, recording what each photograph shows and how it relates to the other photographs. Setups for Photography of Fractured Parts Parts and units that are too large to bring into the laboratory must be photographed at the site of fracture. White...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and to show how the fracture is related to the components of the part. Setups for Photography of Fractured Parts If possible, it is preferable to bring the parts or assemblies into the laboratory for photographing, where factors such as lighting can be carefully controlled. For larger parts, background...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... that can be used to document the sections is to take a digital photograph of the composite material and then organize the sections. Figure 2 shows a composite part that was damaged and removed from an aircraft for analysis. After the documentation, the labeling of composite materials is best performed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... With the ordering number, the documents are available from the Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161. Underwriters' Laboratories Documents Underwriters' Laboratories documents can be obtained from Underwriters' Laboratories...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the failure occurred may be instructive. Photographic documentation must be performed with special attention given to capturing the true colors of the corrosion products. Macrographs of the corrosion deposit should include any layering effects in the deposits. Laboratory photography in a controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... equipped laboratory. Photography is, of course, essential; it should be performed by the analyst or perhaps a professional photographer in the case of a large-scale accident scene. Other considerations for on-site examination at an accident scene are also discussed in more detail in the article “Modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Lightning damage in polymer composites is manifested by damage at both the macroscopic or visual level and within the material microstructure. This article illustrates the effects of the laboratory-generated lightning strikes on polymeric composites. laboratory-generated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... The noise can come back in two months, or it might never return. It is quite possible that significant fluctuations in friction force with time are the result of environmental events. For example, it is well documented that the friction characteristics of photographic films are significantly affected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., it is well documented that the friction characteristics of photographic films are significantly affected by relative humidity. Photographic emulsions are gelatin based. Many gelatins have mechanical properties that are directly proportional to their water content. Mechanical properties vary with humidity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and teamwork. Organizations that seek certification to the 9000 series quality standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) must demonstrate this capability. In order to do this, the performance requirements of the brazed assembly must be established, defined, and documented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... An inspection may be held in laboratories or in the field, depending on the product condition and the type of data sought from the inspection. The inspection may include examining the product material(s), controls/interface, behavior, and all available warning labels; measuring the product to document its shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... hydrocarbon fuels immersion MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC) designates corrosion due to the presence and activities of microorganisms. Microorganisms can accelerate rates of partial reactions in corrosion processes and/or shift the mechanism for corrosion ( Ref 1 ). Most laboratory...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the parts to be removed for laboratory investigation. Carefully examine all parts in the laboratory. Sketch, measure, and take notes and photographs. Start by using the naked eye and proceed to the magnification necessary to understand the failure. Perform nondestructive testing (testing which...