1-20 of 20 Search Results for

knee-wear simulation standards

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., designed to operate on principles similar to those outlined for the hip joint simulator, is shown in Fig. 9 . Detailed accounts of the application of holographic measuring techniques in the evaluation of the magnitude and distribution of wear in various forms of total replacement knee joints tested in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... importance. This leads to the important concept of implant material/device failure. While there are several mechanisms by which metallic load-bearing implants may not achieve their intended goal, the primary engineering-related mechanisms are by wear, corrosion, fretting corrosion, CF, and SCC. Should...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... commercial testing machines have also been developed to study such effects, like machines that simulate the movements of surgical knee and hip replacement components in bodylike fluids. As with mechanical testing in general, commercial wear testing machines are being computer automated. While automation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Porous coatings are used in the field of joint replacement, particularly in cementless total hip/knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the offerings and biomaterial properties in orthopedic surgery for the contemporary class of highly porous metals. It describes the traditional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... catastrophic wear, if the treated surface wears away or becomes discontinuous during prolonged use in humans. Ion implantation is one of the common methods. Titanium and cobalt-chromium alloy orthopaedic prostheses for hip and knee joints are among the most successful commercial applications for ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... as cobalt-chromium alloys when highly corrosion-resistant materials are required ( Ref 14 ). However, crevice and fretting corrosion may occur due to scratches and the presence of third-body wear. Chromium is widely used as a component of orthopaedic devices such as hip, knee, and shoulder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... recommended for use in sites subjected to high wear, such as the bearing regions of hip or knee replacements. For such applications, high carbide content appears important. Forging of high-carbon CoCrMo alloys is possible, although the procedure for doing so is difficult and costly, requiring very close...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Structural applications for advanced ceramics include mineral processing equipment, machine tools, wear components, heat exchangers, automotive products, aerospace components, and medical products. This article begins with an overview of the wear-resistant applications and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Table 1 Type of bioceramic-tissue attachment Type of implant Type of attachment Examples Applications Bioinert Mechanical interlock (morphological fixation) Alumina, zirconia Femoral head, knee prostheses Bioactive Interfacial bonding with tissues (bioactive fixation) Bioactive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... resistance to wear under mild abrasive or lubricated sliding conditions. This wear resistance is especially noteworthy in alloy surfaces that contain elements forming stable nitrides. Titanium and Co-Cr alloy orthopedic prostheses for hips and knees are among the most successful commercial applications of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to the formation of chemically abrupt interfaces that are detrimental to the properties of the implant. For example, it was a standard convention of using titanium alloy stems for orthopaedic applications to be fitted with more wear-resistant cobalt alloy for the head. However, some of the designs...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... density of steel is high, steel can offer equal strength-to-weight ratios compared to either titanium or aluminum, and at a fraction of the cost of titanium or with a superior modulus of elasticity compared to aluminum. Cast steel also offers wear resistance, corrosion resistance, heat resistance, and...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Metallic materials are the primary focus in this section; limited information is provided on ceramics, polymers, composites, cements, and adhesives, especially where they interact with metallic materials. Metals frequently are used in the body for orthopedic purposes—such as hip stems and balls, knees...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... conditions surrounding the device, wear of moving surfaces, and fretting between components may all contribute to the loss of corrosion protection. In some cases, the increased corrosion may itself contribute to changes in the physiological environment and further corrosion problems. All implanted metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Replacement of total joints with metal and plastic components (shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, and great toe): humeral, femoral (hip and knee), talus, and metalarsal components; type 316 L stainless steel Wires Internal tension band wiring of bone fragments or circumferential cerclage for comminuted or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... “Bioactive Glasses and Glass-Ceramics” in this article. High-density, high-purity (>99.5%) Al 2 O 3 is used predominantly in load-bearing hip prostheses or knee-joint prostheses because of its combination of excellent corrosion resistance, good biocompatibility, high wear resistance, and high strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-road vehicle needs to carry 20% more cargo; a railroad bridge must span a river; a replacement knee joint or a handheld computer are needed. Inherent in any design are other limitations and considerations, such as cost, ease of fabrication, weight, size, safety, and reliability, all of which factor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...-temperature solution treatment assists in breakdown of internal cores in complicated oil and water galleys, and the T7 age produces a structure that is dimensionally very stable—an important consideration in engine wear. For this reason, the fundamentals of heat treatment are presented for these alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... thermal conductivity, and is conveniently light. Brass or steel inserts can be used in areas subject to wear. The higher strength of steel is not usually needed for wax injection; instead, steel is primarily used for plastic injection for small parts that run in sufficiently large quantities to justify...