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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... the effect of nanoparticle addition on the microstructure, mechanical properties of components, wetting kinetics, and kinematics. heat treatment mechanical properties microstructure nanofluid quenchants quench hardening thermophysical properties QUENCH HARDENING is a heat treatment process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... impurities of heavy elements on substrates of lighter elements. This article focuses on RBS and its principles, such as collision kinematics, scattering cross section, and energy loss. It describes the channeling effect and the operation of the RBS equipment. The article also provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... °C (180 °F) water. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 15 Change in local heat-transfer coefficient on immersion cooling due to wetting kinematics. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 21 Oil quenching: calculated heat-transfer coefficient, α, as a function of time. Courtesy of Petrofer GmbH Fig. 22...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... forming, and kinematic incremental sheet forming. The article concludes with a discussion on spinning, warm forming, and superplastic forming. aluminum alloys bendability compression bending deep drawing formability forming hydroforming roll bending sheet forming spinning ALUMINUM...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... provides a description of the kinematical theory and the dynamical theory of diffraction. It provides useful information on the configurations of reflection and transmission topography. The article explains various topographic methods, namely, divergent beam method, polycrystal rocking curve analysis, line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract Any threat to personal safety should be regarded as a hazard and treated as such. This article discusses threats from several sources, such as kinematic/mechanical hazards, electrical hazards, energy hazards, human factors/ergonomic hazards, and environmental hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract This article presents an overview of the use of mechanism analysis (kinematics and dynamics) and simulation. It provides indications of the directions in which mechanism simulation is growing and how it is integrated in the evolving computer aided design and computer aided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in technological applications. The article defines the basic kinematic tensors, reports their relations, and presents expressions for calculating the change in crystallographic orientation associated with plastic deformation. It surveys some of the polycrystal models in terms of the relative strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Continuous fiber composite materials offer dramatic opportunities for producing lightweight laminates with tremendous performance capabilities. This article describes the kinematics of fabric deformation and explains the algorithms used in draping simulation. It discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an explanation on how crystal plasticity is implemented within finite element formulations by the use of physical length scales: crystal scale and continuum scale. It provides theoretical formulations for kinematic framework for deforming crystals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of engineered components with controlled surface properties. Emphasis is placed on kinematically simple configurations of finishing processes, such as surface grinding, flat surface polishing, and lapping. flat surface polishing grinding lapping surface finishing surface properties thermal damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0009153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the incremental sheet forming (ISF) process and discusses the process variations of ISF. These variations include single-point incremental forming, two-point incremental forming, and kinematic incremental sheet forming. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Introduction—History and Development Trends General Principles Systems and Equipment Appendix A—Kinematical and Dynamical Theories of X-Ray Diffraction Section X-Ray Topography Conventional X-Ray Topography Techniques Synchrotron-Radiation-Based X-Ray Topography Techniques Recording...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... to remove degrees of freedom (locking), while velocities and forces further define the kinematic behavior of the FEM. To describe the actual deformation process, material properties and thickness must be assigned to an element. Fig. 3 Nodes in a mesh Explicit, Implicit, and Advanced Implicit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... straining, and F (yield function) is given by: (Eq 7) F = | σ _ − α _ | − ( σ 0 + R ) = 0 where σ is the stress tensor, α is the back stress tensor due to kinematic hardening, R is the isotropic hardening term, and σ 0 is the initial yield stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... replacement (TKR). However, due to the limited success of unicompartmental knee replacements, TKRs are preferred. Cruciate ligaments affect the knee kinematics, and the tribological behavior follows a standard repetitive pattern of motion, flexion, and extension. However, earlier designs of knee replacements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... point API gravity Flash point Kinematic viscosity, mm 2 /s, cSt Viscosity index Roelands, Z Ash, % Neutrality No. °C °F °C °F At 40 °C (105 °F) At 100 °C (212 °F) Jet engine oil, polyol ester, type II, MIL-L-23699B −54 −65 10.0 254 489 28.0 5.10 … 0.61 … … ISO VG 32...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Moreover, the translation of a yield surface (kinematic hardening), which captures phenomena such as the Bauschinger effect, can be easily integrated in an FE formulation. In view of the previous section, it is obvious that it is difficult to develop constitutive models for forming applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... In general, there are two types of boundary conditions: kinematic, which deal with velocity, and dynamic, which deal with stress fields. Considering the physical contact of the fluid at the boundary, boundary conditions can be further divided into five groups ( Ref 28 ): Liquid-solid interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4